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Thursday, November 28, 2019

SODIUM & POTASSIUM INTAKE

Sodium intake 3-5 g per day plus potassium intake of 4.6 g per day, lowest risk of death

People consuming 3000 to 5000 mg of sodium per day plus a high potassium intake (greater than 4600 mg per day) had the lowest risk of death during an average follow-up of 8.2 years according to data from 103,5700 people from 18 countries.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, Nov 28, 2019 10:58 am | [0] comments

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

POTASSIUM & DEMENTIA

The one-fourth of people consuming the most potassium were 48% less likely to have dementia

The one-fourth of people consuming the most potassium were 48% less likely to have dementia compared to the one-fourth consuming the least according to a study of 1081 people 60 and older living in Japan.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Wed, Nov 20, 2019 11:52 am | [0] comments

Saturday, September 14, 2019

CANCER / POTASSIUM

Decreased potassium in cells may help explain why obesity increases risk of cancer

Obesity is associated with an increased risk of numerous cancers. One of the reasons for this may be because obesity increases concentrations of sodium in cells, and decreases potassium. This according to a very interesting paper from 1996.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sat, Sep 14, 2019 8:42 am | [2] comments

Tuesday, June 18, 2019

KIDNEY STONES

Potassium citrate plus potassium bicarbonate dissolve uric acid kidney stones in 5 of 8 people

1500 mg of potassium per day in the form of potassium citrate (40 mEq) plus 800 mg of potassium per day in the form of potassium bicarbonate (20 mEq) dissolved uric acid kidney stones in 5 of 8 people according to a study from researchers in the Urology Unit at Manzoni Hospital in Lecco, Italy.

In 3 of the 8 people, their kidney stones dissolved within 1.5 months; in the 4th person, their kidney stone dissolved within 4 months of continued treatment; and in the 5th person, their kidney stone dissolved within 6 months of continued treatment.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Jun 18, 2019 8:59 am | [0] comments

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

POTASSIUM CITRATE

3700 mg of potassium in the form of potassium citrate lowered blood pressure by 13/5 mm Hg

3700 mg of potassium per day in the form of potassium citrate lowered blood pressure in one (1) week by 13/5 mm Hg from 151/93 to 138/88 mm Hg according to a study from researchers in the Blood Pressure Unit at 
St. George’s Hospital Medical School in London, England.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Jun 11, 2019 10:24 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

3700 mg of potassium in the form of potassium chloride lowered blood pressure by 11/5 mm Hg

3700 mg of potassium per day in the form of potassium chloride lowered blood pressure in one (1) week by 11/5 mm Hg from 151/93 to 140/88 mm Hg according to a study from researchers in the Blood Pressure Unit at 
St. George’s Hospital Medical School in London, England.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Jun 11, 2019 10:01 am | [0] comments

Sunday, June 02, 2019

POTASSIUM

The benefits of consuming more potassium: lower risk of heart disease, stroke, cancer and death

Numerous studies have shown that people who consume more potassium have the following benefits:

  • Lower risk of heart disease
  • Lower risk of stroke
  • Lower risk of cancer
  • Lower risk of death.

The average U.S. adult consumes 2700 mg/day.

The National Academy of Sciences recommends we consume at least 4700 mg per day.

Below is evidence from several studies about the benefits of consuming more potassium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sun, Jun 02, 2019 5:02 pm | [0] comments

Thursday, May 30, 2019

BLOOD PRESSURE DRUGS

Women taking blood pressure drugs were 31% MORE likely to die from cardiovascular disease

Older women with hypertension who were taking blood pressure drugs were 31% were more likely to die from cardiovascular disease alone than women with hypertension not taking blood pressure drugs even though their average systolic pressure was 12 points lower (137 vs 149 mm Hg) according to a 2004 study.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, May 30, 2019 10:09 am | [0] comments

Sunday, May 12, 2019

POTASSIUM SUPPLEMENTS

Potassium intakes of 7000 to 15,600 mg per day do not cause elevated blood potassium levels

Six (6) studies have shown that large potassium intakes (7,000 mg to 15,600 mg per day) do NOT cause elevated blood potassium levels (hyperkalemia) in healthy people without contraindications.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sun, May 12, 2019 11:32 am | [0] comments

Saturday, May 11, 2019

POTASSIUM INTAKE

Humans evolved consuming 5-6 times more potassium than today (15,600 mg vs 2,700 mg)

Researchers at the University of California, San Fransisco (UCSF) analyzed 159 Stone Age diets and found that the average potassium intake was 15,600 mg of potassium per day versus an average today of roughly 2,700 mg per day in the US (Sebastian, 2006).

This means we evolved consuming roughly 5-6 times MORE potassium than we consume today! (15,600 mg vs 2,700 mg)

I believe that potassium bicarbonate is vastly superior to ALL blood pressure drugs because potassium bicarbonate is giving the body exactly what it needs—more potassium and more bicarbonate! 

I believe that Potassium Bicarbonate is superior to Potassium Chloride because through human evolution we consumed a lot MORE potassium, a lot MORE bicarbonate, a lot LESS sodium and a lot LESS chloride as noted by the same researchers in 2001 (Frassetto, 2001).

This tells me that potassium bicarbonate is the potassium supplement to use, NOT potassium chloride.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sat, May 11, 2019 5:21 pm | [0] comments

POTASSIUM & ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

Essential hypertension is nothing more than a potassium deficiency

95% of cases of high blood pressure are called “Essential Hypertension”, which, by definition, is high blood pressure of “unknown cause”.

What better excuse to give you a drug or two or three or four than to say, “We have no idea what is causing your high blood pressure!”

I believe that Essential Hypertension is complete and total NONSENSE!

I believe that 99.9% of cases of Essential Hypertension are caused by a potassium deficiency.

Here is how I came to realize this.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sat, May 11, 2019 1:22 pm | [0] comments

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

POTASSIUM

400 mg increase in daily potassium intake associated with 40% lower risk of stroke death over 12 yrs

A 400 mg increase in daily potassium intake was associated with a 40% reduction in the risk of stroke-associated death during a 12 year follow-up according to a 1987 study which followed 859 men and women, aged 50 to 79 years, in Southern California.

In the one-third (1/3) of people consuming the least amount of potassium, stroke mortality was

  • 2.6 times higher in men and
  • 4.8 times higher in women

compared to the two-thirds (2/3) of people consuming the most potassium.

(Unfortunately, I do not know the potassium intake of these groups because I do not have a copy of the paper.)

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Oct 16, 2018 6:01 am | [0] comments

Saturday, August 04, 2018

POTASSIUM

Potassium-enriched salt reduces cardiovascular mortality in elderly men by 41%

Potassium-enriched salt reduced the risk of dying from cardiovascular-related causes in elderly men by 41% over 2.5 years according to a study from Taiwan.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sat, Aug 04, 2018 6:41 am | [0] comments

Friday, August 03, 2018

POTASSIUM

Women consuming 4500 mg of potassium per day vs 1560 mg were 59% less likely to die during 7.6 years

The one-fifth of women consuming the most potassium, an average of roughly 4500 mg of potassium per day, were 59% less likely to die during a 7.6 year study than the one-fifth of women consuming the least potassium, an average of 1560 mg per day according to The Scottish Heart Health Study.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Fri, Aug 03, 2018 9:40 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

Women consuming 4500 mg of potassium per day vs 2700 mg were 15% less likely to die during 7.6 years

The one-fifth of women consuming the most potassium, an average of roughly 4500 mg of potassium per day, were 15% less likely to die during a 7.6 year study than the one-fifth of women consuming the second most potassium, an average of 2700 mg per day according to The Scottish Heart Health Study.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Fri, Aug 03, 2018 9:30 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

Men consuming 5400 mg of potassium per day vs 1840 mg were 55% less likely to die during 7.6 years

The one-fifth of men consuming the most potassium, an average of roughly 5400 mg of potassium per day, were 55% less likely to die during a 7.6 year study than the one-fifth of men consuming the least potassium, an average of 1840 mg per day according to The Scottish Heart Health Study.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Fri, Aug 03, 2018 9:20 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

Men consuming 5400 mg of potassium per day vs 3350 mg were 22% less likely to die during 7.6 years

The one-fifth of men consuming the most potassium, an average of roughly 5400 mg of potassium per day, were 22% less likely to die during a 7.6 year study than the one-fifth of men consuming the second most potassium, an average of 3350 mg per day according to The Scottish Heart Health Study.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Fri, Aug 03, 2018 9:10 am | [0] comments

Thursday, August 02, 2018

POTASSIUM

People consuming the most potassium relative to sodium had a 30% lower risk of ischemic stroke

The one-fifth of people consuming the most potassium relative to sodium were 30% less likely to have an ischemic stroke (where a blood clot interrupts the blood supply in the brain) during a 24 year follow-up than the one-fifth of people consuming the least potassium relative to sodium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, Aug 02, 2018 8:52 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

People consuming the most potassium relative to sodium had a 37% lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke

The one-fifth of people consuming the most potassium relative to sodium were 37% less likely to have a hemorrhagic stroke (where a blood vessel in the brain bursts) during a 24 year follow-up than the one-fifth of people consuming the least potassium relative to sodium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, Aug 02, 2018 8:45 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

People consuming the most potassium relative to sodium had 22% lower risk of cardiovascular disease

The one-fifth of people consuming the most potassium relative to sodium were 22% less likely to have cardiovascular disease during a 24 year follow-up than the one-fifth of people consuming the least potassium relative to sodium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, Aug 02, 2018 8:39 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

People consuming the most potassium relative to sodium had a 14% lower risk of death from any cause

The one-fifth of people consuming the most potassium relative to sodium were 14% less likely to die from any cause during a 24 year follow-up than the one-fifth of people consuming the least potassium relative to sodium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, Aug 02, 2018 8:30 am | [0] comments

Thursday, May 10, 2018

POTASSIUM

Women with normal blood pressure consuming less than 1925 mg potassium per day, 32% more strokes

Women with normal blood pressure consuming the least amount of potassium—less than 1925 mg per day— were 32% more likely to have a stroke than women with normal blood pressure consuming more potassium than this after adjusting for multiple risk factors according to the 2014 Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study.

The risk of stroke in women with normal blood pressure was similar in each quarter of women consuming more potassium than this.

The second quarter of women with normal blood pressure who consumed 1925 to 2519 mg of potassium per day were 25% less likely to have a stroke during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women with normal blood pressure consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

The third quarter of women with normal blood pressure who consumed 2519 to 3194 mg of potassium per day were 25% less likely to have a stroke during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women with normal blood pressure consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

The quarter of women with normal blood pressure who consumed the most potassium—more than 3194 mg of potassium per day—were 21% less likely to have a stroke during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women with normal blood pressure consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, May 10, 2018 10:31 am | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

Women consuming less than 1925 mg potassium per day 14% more likely to die than those consuming more

The one-fourth of women consuming the least amount of potassium—less than 1925 mg per day—were 14% more likely to die than women consuming more potassium than this after adjusting for multiple risk factors according to the 2014 Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study.

The risk of death was similar in each quarter of women consuming more potassium than this.

The second quarter of women who consumed 1925 to 2519 mg of potassium per day were 9% less likely to die during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

The third quarter of women who consumed 2519 to 3194 mg of potassium per day were 16% less likely to die during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

The quarter of women who consumed the most potassium—more than 3194 mg of potassium per day—were 10% less likely to die during the 11 year follow-up than the one-quarter of women consuming the least potassium (less than 1925 mg per day).

The Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), the largest prospective cohort study of postmenopausal women with long-term follow-up, was used to assess whether higher dietary potassium consumption is associated with reduced risk of total, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, and all-cause mortality.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Thu, May 10, 2018 10:15 am | [0] comments

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

POTASSIUM

Women consuming more than 1911 mg potassium per day 79% less likely to die from stroke over 12 years

The two-thirds of women consuming the most potassium—more than 1911 mg of potassium per day—were 79% less likely to die from stroke during a 12-year follow-up than the one-third of women consuming the least potassium—less than 1911 mg of potassium per day—according to a 1987 study which followed 859 men and women, aged 50 to 79 years, in Southern California.

To say this the other way, the one-third of women consuming the least potassium—less than 1911 mg per day—were 4.8 times more likely to die from stroke than the two-thirds of women consuming the most potassium.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Wed, Mar 15, 2017 2:50 pm | [0] comments

POTASSIUM

Men consuming the most potassium per day 62% less likely to die from stroke over 12 years

The two-thirds of men consuming the most potassium were 62% less likely to die from stroke during a 12-year follow-up than the one-third of men consuming the least potassium—less than 1911 mg of potassium per day—according to a 1987 study which followed 859 men and women, aged 50 to 79 years, in Southern California.

To say this the other way, the one-third of men consuming the least potassium were 2.6 times more likely to die from stroke than the two-thirds of men consuming the most potassium.

Read the entire article | Email this article
Posted by Larry Hobbs on Wed, Mar 15, 2017 2:44 pm | [0] comments

Tuesday, January 03, 2017

POTASSIUM

3500 mg potassium per day associated with lowest risk of stroke

Consuming 3500 mg of potassium per day is associated with the lowest risk of stroke (risk of total, hemorrhagic, and ischemic stroke)—13% lower risk than those consuming the least potassium after adjusting for blood pressure—according to a meta-analysis of 16 studies.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Jan 03, 2017 11:22 am | [0] comments

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

POTASSIUM

Women consuming more than 1926 mg potassium per day were 9-16% less likely to die over next 11 years

The three-fourths of women consuming more than 1926 mg of potassium per day were 9-16% less likely to die during an average follow-up of 11 years than the one-fourth of women consuming less than 1926 mg per day according to a new study.

To say this the other way, the one-fourth of women consuming the least potassium, less than 1926 mg of potassium per day, were 10-19% MORE likely to die than the one-fourth of women consuming more potassium than this, more than 1926 mg of potassium per day, over an average follow-up of 11 years.

“High potassium intake is associated with a lower risk of all stroke and ischemic stroke, as well as all-cause mortality in older women, particularly those who are not hypertensive,” the authors of the paper concluded.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Tue, Dec 15, 2015 4:49 am | [0] comments

Monday, December 14, 2015

POTASSIUM & SODIUM

People consuming the most potassium were 35% less likely to die from coronary heart disease

The one-fifth of people consuming the most potassium were 35% less likely to die from coronary heart disease than the one-fifth of people consuming the least.

The top one-fifth consumed an average of 3363 mg of potassium per day versus 1720 mg per day for the bottom one-fifth.

The one-fifth of people consuming the most sodium versus the one-fifth consuming the least were:
  • 42 percent more likely to have cardiovascular disease

  • 55 percent more likely to have a stroke of any kind

  • 104 percent more likely to have an ischemic stroke (2X as likely).

The top one-fifth consumed 6523 mg of sodium per day versus 2322 mg per day for the bottom one-fifth. Read the entire article | Email this article
Posted by Larry Hobbs on Mon, Dec 14, 2015 6:18 am | [8] comments

Sunday, September 28, 2014

POTASSIUM

Women consuming more than 1926 mg potassium per day 12-15% less likely to have a stroke over 11 yrs

The three-fourths of women consuming more than 1926 mg of potassium per day were 12-15% less likely to have a stroke during an average follow-up of 11 years than the one-fourth of women consuming less than 1926 mg per day according to a new study.

To say this the other way, the one-fourth of women consuming the least potassium, less than 1926 mg of potassium per day, were 14-18% MORE likely to have a stroke than the one-fourth of women consuming more potassium than this, more than 1926 mg of potassium per day, over an average follow-up of 11 years.

“High potassium intake is associated with a lower risk of all stroke and ischemic stroke, as well as all-cause mortality in older women, particularly those who are not hypertensive,” the authors of the paper concluded.

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Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sun, Sep 28, 2014 12:15 pm | [0] comments

Sunday, August 10, 2014

POTASSIUM BICARBONATE

Potassium bicarbonate reduced my blood pressure by about 20 points to 121/72 mm Hg

Potassium bicarbonate reduced my blood pressure by about 20 points from roughly 140/70-something to 121/72 mm Hg.
Potassium chloride is the more commonly-recommended form, however, the research suggests to me that potassium bicarbonate is superior to potassium chloride for many reasons. Here's why. Read the entire article | Email this article
Posted by Larry Hobbs on Sun, Aug 10, 2014 9:55 am | [0] comments

Monday, July 28, 2014

POTASSIUM

Institute of Medicine recommends getting at least 4700 mg of potassium per day

"Adults should consume at least 4.7 grams [4700 mg] of potassium per day to lower blood pressure, blunt the effects of salt, and reduce the risk of kidney stones and bone loss," according to the Institute of Medicine.
However, most Americans only get about half this much. Read the entire article | Email this article
Posted by Larry Hobbs on Mon, Jul 28, 2014 8:12 am | [0] comments

Wednesday, March 03, 2010

POTASSIUM

2500 mg potassium supplement per day improves heart function

This new study found that giving 2500 mg of potassium per day per day for one month in the form of either potassium chloride or potassium bicarbonate had numerous benefits on the heart including "significantly improved endothelial function","increased large elastic artery compliance", "reduced [ left ventricular ] mass", "improved [ left ventricular ] diastolic function". Read the entire article | Email this article
Posted by Larry Hobbs on Wed, Mar 03, 2010 11:18 am | [17] comments
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