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    (Tip: To find articles about a particular subject, either search for a particular word, click "Category View" above, or select the category you are interested in from the list below.)
    5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan)
    Abilify (aripiprazole)
    Acarbose (Precose)
    Accountability
    ACE Inhibitor
    Acetyl-L-Carnitine
    Acomplia (rimonabant)
    Actonel (risedronate)
    Actos (pioglitazone)
    Adiponectin
    Aging
    AIDS
    Air Conditioning
    Alcohol
    Alcoholism
    Alii (orlistat) - (also see Xenical)
    All-you-can-eat
    Allergies, Food and Brain
    Almonds
    Alpha Lipoic Acid
    Aluminum
    Alzhemier's Disease
    Amantadine (Symmetrel)
    Ambien (zolpidem)
    Amino Acids
    Amitriptyline (See Elavil)
    Amphetamines
    Amylase inhibitors (See Starch Blockers)
    Anafranil (clomipramine)
    Angina (chest pain)
    Animal-based diet
    Antibiotics
    Antidepressants
    Antihistamines
    Antipsychotic drugs
    Anxiety
    Arginine
    Arthritis
    Articles by others
    Artificial sweetners (general)
    Aspartic Acid
    Aspirin
    Asthma
    Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder -- ADHD
    Autism
    Avandia (rosiglitazone)
    Axokine
    Bariatric Surgery (See Weight Loss Surgery)
    Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive
    Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride)
    Benefits of weight loss
    Benzodiazepines
    Beta Blockers
    Binge Eating
    Bioidentical hormones
    Birth Control Pills
    Blacks
    Blood Donation
    Blood Pressure
    Blood Pressure Drugs
    Blood Pressure Drugs INCREASED Death in Older women
    Blood sugar
    BMI not perfect
    BMI Table
    BMI, Healthiest (Healthiest BMI)
    Body Composition
    Bone Fractures
    Bone mass
    Book - Blue Zones
    Book - Cholesterol Myths (by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD)
    Book - Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)
    Book - Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)
    Book - Good Calories, Bad Calories (by Gary Taubes)
    Book - Malignant Medical Myths
    Book - Our Daily Meds
    Book - The Black Swan
    Book - Why We Get Fat (by Gary Taubes)
    Brain Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)
    Breakfast
    Breast-feeding
    Broda Barnes, MD, PhD (thyroid expert)
    Bromocriptine (Ergoset)
    Bulimia
    Bupropion (See Wellbutrin)
    Byetta (exenatide)
    C-reactive protein
    Caffeine
    Calcium
    Calcium Channel Blockers
    Calorie content of food
    Calorie Density of Food
    Calorie Intake
    Calorie intake, Underreporting
    Calorie Restriction
    Cancer
    Cancer screening (Does it do any good?)
    Cancer treatments
    Cancer, Bladder
    Cancer, Bowel
    Cancer, Brain
    Cancer, Breast
    Cancer, Cervical
    Cancer, Colorectal
    Cancer, Endometrial
    Cancer, Gallbadder
    Cancer, Kidney
    Cancer, Leukemia
    Cancer, Liver
    Cancer, Lung
    Cancer, Multiple Myeloma
    Cancer, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    Cancer, Oesophageal
    Cancer, Oesophageal (adenocarcinoma)
    Cancer, others
    Cancer, Ovarian
    Cancer, Pancreatic
    Cancer, Prostate
    Cancer, Stomach (gastric cardia)
    Cannabis (marijuana)
    Caralluma fimbriata
    Carbohydrates
    Carnitine, L- (L-carnitine)
    Carpal tunnel syndrome
    Celexa (citalorpam)
    Cell Phones
    Cereal
    Chelation Therapy, EDTA
    Chemtrails
    Chewing
    Childhood Illnesses
    Childhood neglect and abuse
    Childhood Obesity
    Chitosan
    Chocolate (cocoa)
    Cholesterol
    Cholesterol drugs
    Cholesterol Hypothesis Skeptics
    Cholesterol Myths
    Cholesterol, HDL
    Chromium
    Chronic Fatigue
    Citrus aurantium
    CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid)
    Clozaril (clozapine)
    Cobalt
    Cochrane Collaboration
    Codonopsis Eupolyphaga
    Coffee
    Coffee, Decaffeinated
    Cognitive function
    Commercial Weight Loss Programs
    Computer Use
    Conflicts of Interest
    Congestive Heart Failure
    Constipation
    Contrave (Wellbutrin (bupropion) plus naltrexone)
    Copper
    CoQ10 (Coenzyme Q10, ubiquinol, ubiquinone)
    Cortisol (stress hormone)
    Cost of food
    Costs associated with obesity
    Cravings
    Cymbalta (duloxetine)
    Daniel Amen, MD
    Death, Risk of
    Deaths from obesity
    Definitions
    Dental Amalgams (mercury fillings)
    Depo-Provera (depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate)
    Depression
    Desire to Lose Weight
    DHEA
    Diabetes
    Diabetes drugs
    Diagnosed Overweight by a Doctor
    Dialysis
    Diet drug use
    Diet Pills (General Info)
    Diet soda
    Dietary Counseling
    Diethylpropion (Tenuate)
    Dieting (General)
    Dieting, Intermittent
    Dinitrophenol
    Disability
    Discrimination against obesity
    Diuretics
    Diverticulitis
    Doctor - Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Doctor - Boyd Haley, PhD
    Doctor - Dr. Kailash Chand
    Doctor - H. Gilbert Welch, MD (author of Overdiagnosed and Less Medicine, More Health)
    Doctor - Irving Kirsch, PhD
    Doctor - Jason Fung, MD
    Doctor - Joel Kauffman, PhD (author of Malignant Medical Myths)
    Doctor - John Abramson, MD (author of Overdosed America)
    Doctor - Jonathan Wright, MD (pioneer in natural medicine)
    Doctor - Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Doctor - Malcolm Kendrick, MD author of "The Great Cholesterol Con"
    Doctor - Marcia Angell, MD
    Doctor - Mary Enig, PhD
    Doctor - Michel de Lorgeril, MD
    Doctor - Peter Gøtzsche, MD
    Doctor - Robert Lustig, MD
    Doctor - Suzanne Humphries, MD
    Doctor - Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Doctor - William Wilson, MD
    Doctor trends
    Don't fall for this
    Dopamine agonists
    Drug company lies
    Drug Company Money
    Drug Company Salesman
    Drug Company Tactics
    Drug-induced Side Effects
    Dry Skin
    Duodenal Switch (weight loss surgery)
    Eating time of day
    Economic Issues and Obesity
    Education
    Eggs
    Elavil (amitriptyline)
    Elderly
    Elderly, risk of obesity
    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin)
    Environmental chemicals
    Ephedrine/Ephedra
    Epigenetics
    Erectile Dysfunction
    Escitalopram (Lexapro)
    Estrogen replacement therapy
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Every Other Day Modified Fast
    Excalia
    Exercise
    Exhaustion
    Fast Food
    Fasting, Intermittent
    Fat Cells
    Fat Intake (Dietary Fat)
    Fat loss
    Fat Oxidation
    Fat Replacers
    Fat, Body (Body Fat)
    Fat, Dietary
    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)
    Fen-Phen
    Fertility (see Pregnancy)
    Fiber (Dietary Fiber)
    Fiber supplements
    Fidgeting
    Fish
    Fish Oil (omega-3 fatty acids)
    Flaxseed
    Food Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)
    Food Cues
    Food Diary
    Food Intake statistics
    Food preferences associated with obesity
    Food Pyramid
    Food Safety
    Food's effect on appetite
    Foods associated with higher and lower body weight
    Foods Associated with Weight Gain
    Forskolin (from the plant Coleus forskohlii)
    Fosamax (alendronate)
    Fructose
    Fruit
    Fucoxanthin
    GABA
    Gallbadder Disease
    Gallstones
    Garlic
    Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
    General Health Checks
    Genes and genetics
    Geodon (ziprasidone)
    Ghrelin
    Ginger
    Ginseng
    GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid)
    GLA - Gamma Linolenic Acid
    Glucomannan (konjac root)
    Glucophage (metformin)
    Glutamine (amino acid)
    Glycemic Index
    Glycemic Index Tables
    Glycomacropeptide
    GMO foods (genetically modified organisms)
    Grains
    Grapefruit
    Green coffee bean extract
    Green Tea
    Group Therapy
    Growth Hormone
    Guar gum
    Gut Bacteria
    Gwen Olsen
    Habits associated with obesity
    Habits of being lean
    Hair Loss (caused by weight loss)
    Haldol (haloperidol)
    Hawaiian Diet
    HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
    Headaches
    Health Insurance
    Health Risks of obesity
    Heart Attack (myocardial infarction)
    Heart Disease
    Heart Disease, Coronary - Skeptics of the Cholesterol Hypothesis
    Heavy metal toxicity
    Herbal formula, Number Ten
    Herbal formula, PM-F2-OB
    Hibiscus tea
    High Carbohydrate Diet
    High-Fructose Corn Syrup
    High-Protein / Low-Carb Diets
    Histamine levels
    History
    Holiday Weight Gain
    Homocysteine
    Hoodia
    Hop extract, isomerized
    Hunger
    Hydralazine
    Hydrogenated vegetable oil (partially hydrogenated oil)
    Hydroxycitrate (HCA)
    Hypoglycemia
    Hypothyroidism, including Type 2 Hypothyroidism
    IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1)
    Income level
    Infections
    Infertility
    Influenza (Flu)
    Injuries
    Insulin
    Insulin sensitivity
    Interview with Patients
    Interview with Stephen Gullo, PhD
    Interviews with Doctors
    Iodine
    Jenny Craig Weight Loss Program
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    John Ioannidis
    Just for Fun
    Kidney Disease
    Kidney stones
    Kidney Stones
    Konjac root (See glucomannan)
    Krill Oil
    Lap Band Surgery
    Lead (heavy metal toxicity)
    Lean, things associated with being
    Legumes
    Leptin
    Lesbians
    Leucine (amino acid)
    Life Expectancy
    Lipolysis (release of fat from fat cells)
    Liposuction
    Lipozene (see glucomannan)
    Liquid Calories
    Liraglutide
    Longevity
    Lorcaserin (also see Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride))
    Low Calorie Diet
    Low Carbohydrate Diets
    Low Fat Diets
    Low Stomach Acid
    Lp(a)
    Ludiomil (maprotiline)
    Luvox (fluvoxamine)
    Magnesium
    Maitake mushroom
    Mammography
    Marijuana (see Cannabis)
    Mark Starr, MD
    Married or Single
    Meal Frequency
    Meal Replacement Shakes
    Measurments of obesity
    Meat, Red
    Mediterranean Diet
    Medium chain triglycerides (MCT's)
    Men, studies about
    Menopause
    Menstruation
    Mercury
    Mercury fillings (Dental amalgams)
    Meridia (sibutramine)
    Metabolic syndrome (also see Insulin Sensitivity)
    Metabolism
    Mifeprex (mifepristone)
    Milk and Dairy
    Mineral aspartates
    Mirapex (pramipexole)
    Mirtazapine (antidepressant Remeron)
    Moban (molindone)
    Monounsaturated fat (Olive Oil and Canola Oil)
    Mortality associated with obesity
    Motivational techniques for losing weight
    Movies
    MSG (monosodium glutamate)
    Multiple Myeloma (See Cancer, Multiple Myeloma)
    Myths, Medical Myths
    N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC)
    Naltrexone
    Nasal Blockage
    Nassim Taleb
    Natural Treatments
    Nestatin-1
    Neurontin (gabapentin)
    Niacin (vitamin B3)
    Nicotine
    Night Eating Syndrome
    Night workers/shift workers
    No Dinner Diet
    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Nortriptyline (See Pamelor)
    Nutrasweet (aspartame)
    Nuts (also see Almonds)
    Obesity Forecasts
    Obesity Guidelines, NIH
    Obesity statistics
    Obesity Statistics, US States
    Obesity, Causes of
    Obesity, Factors associated with
    Oleoyl-estrone
    Olestra
    Olive Oil
    Omega-3 Fatty Acids (fish oil)
    Omega-6 Fatty Acids
    Onions
    Oolong Tea
    Opinion
    Orthomolecular Medicine
    Over-treatment
    Paleo Diet
    Pamelor (nortriptyline)
    Parent's influence on obesity
    Parkinson's Disease
    Paroxetine (antidepressant Paxil)
    PCSK9 inhibitors (cholesterol-lowering drugs)
    Pedometer
    Periactin (cyproheptadine)
    Periodontal Gum Disease
    Personal stories about weigh loss
    Phen-Pro (Phentermine-Prozac or other SSRIs)
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril)
    Phentermine
    Phenylephrine
    Phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors, sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra)
    Plastic's effect on body weight
    Plate Size
    Pokeweed extract
    Polar Weight Management Program
    Polio Vaccine (Salk Vaccine)
    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
    Polyunsaturated Fat
    Port, Sidney (UCLA statistician)
    Portion size, effect on calore intake
    Post-traumatic stress disorder
    Postnatal weight gain (immediately after birth)
    Postpartum depression
    Potassium
    Pramlintide (see Symlin)
    Predicted Weight Loss
    Pregnancy
    Pregnant women, effects on offspring
    Prejudice against obesity
    Prevalence of Obesity
    Prices for drugs
    Prolixin (fluphenazine)
    Prostate, Enlarged
    Protamine
    Protein (general)
    Protein Leverage Theory
    Protein Source
    Protein supplement
    Protein, High, Diet
    Protein, Low, Diet
    Protein, Soy
    Proton pump inhibitors
    Prozac (fluoxetine)
    PSA Test (Prostate Specific Antigen)
    Psychiatric Drugs
    Pu-erh Tea (Chinese Black Tea)
    Pursuing Weight Control
    Pyruvate
    Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate) (formerly Qnexa)
    Quality of Life
    Radiation (background ionizing radiation)
    Rate of Eating
    Raw food diet
    Red Yeast Rice
    Resistant Starch
    Resveratrol
    Rhodiola rosea (Golden root or Arctic root)
    Rice
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD
    Risperdal (risperidone)
    Ritalin (methylphenidate)
    Robert Skversky, MD
    Robert Whitaker (author & journalist)
    Rubidium
    Saccharin (artificial sweetner)
    Saturated Fat
    Sauna
    Scams
    Schizophrenia
    Seizures
    Self-help weight loss
    Self-reported height and weight
    Self-reported intake
    Serentil (mesoridazine)
    Serlect (sertindole)
    Seroquel (quetiapine)
    Serotonin Syndrome
    Serzone (nefazodone)
    Sex and Sexual Activity
    Sexual abuse
    Shift Workers
    Sick Days
    Simmondsin (jojoba plant seed extract)
    Skinny on Obesity video series
    Sleep
    Sleeping pills
    Smoking's effect on weight
    Snacks
    Snoring
    Social Influence
    Sodium Intake
    Soft drinks (Coke, Pepsi, etc.)
    South Beach Diet
    Splenda (sucralose)
    Spouses
    SSRI's
    Starch Blockers (Amylase inhibitors)
    Statin Nation (documentary)
    Statins
    Stearic Acid (in beef and chocolate)
    Stents (coronary artery stents)
    Strattera (atomoxetine)
    Strength Training
    Stress
    Stroke
    Sugar Addiction
    Sugar intake
    Suicide
    Sumatriptan
    Sun Bathing, Benefits of
    Surmontil (trimipramine)
    Symlin (pramlintide)
    Symlin (pramlintide)
    Sympathetic Nervous Activity (SNS)
    Taranabant
    Taste
    Taubes, Gary
    Taxes and Obesity
    Tea
    Television Watching
    Temperature, House
    Tenuate (See diethylpropion)
    Tesofensine
    Testosterone
    Thermogenesis
    Thermography
    Thiomersal (mercury-containing preservative)
    Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
    Thyroid Function
    Thyroid supplement
    Thyroid, Desiccated
    Timeline related to obesity discoveries
    Tofranil (imipramine)
    Tofu (soybean curd)
    Tonsils
    Too much medicine
    Topamax (topiramate)
    TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly)
    Trans Fats
    Trazedone (antidepressant)
    Tricyclic antidepressants
    Triglyceride levels
    Tryptophan
    Underreporting weight
    Urinary incontinence
    Vaccines
    Vegetable-based Diet
    Vegetables
    Vegetables, Raw
    Vegetarians
    Venlafaxine (antidepressant Effexor)
    Ventricular arrhythmias
    Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
    Very-Low-Calorie Diets
    Vibration, Whole Body
    Vinegar
    Virus and Bacteria associated with obesity
    Virus, obesity (adenovirus-36)
    Visual Cues
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin D
    Vitamins
    Waist measurement
    Waist-to-Hip Ratio
    Wansink, Brian (studies done by)
    Water
    Weighing, Self
    Weight cycling (gaining and losing)
    Weight gain
    Weight Lifting
    Weight Loss Expectations
    Weight Loss Programs
    Weight Loss Strategies
    Weight Loss Success (what successful weight losers do)
    Weight Loss Supplements
    Weight Loss Supplements, Adulterated
    Weight loss surgery
    Weight Loss Surgery - Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
    Weight Loss, Benefits of
    Weight loss, Rate of
    Weight loss, risks of
    Weight Maintenance
    Weight monitoring
    Weight Perception
    Weight Watchers
    Weight-gaining drugs
    Wellbutrin (bupropion)
    Wine, Red
    Women, studies about
    Work, Lost Days
    Xenical (orlistat)
    YouTube videos
    Zerona laser
    Zetia (ezetimibe)
    Zinc
    Zocor (simvastatin)
    Zoloft (sertraline)
    Zonegran (zonisamide)
    Zyprexa (olanzapine)

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    5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan)

    5-HTP causes 4.6 lbs weight loss in two weeks, 11 lbs loss in three months
    5-HTP decreases food intake in stressed rats and those deprived of food
    5-HTP increases leptin, carbidopa decreases
    5-HTP studies reviewed
    5-HTP: 0.5 to 0.9 mg per pound of body weight increases blood levels 1.5 to 2.3-fold
    Adding 5-HTP to Phen-Pro: An interview with Dr. Dennis Padla
    Adding 5-HTP to Phen-Pro: An interview with Dr. Michael Anchors
    How to Lose Weight with Phentermine, 5-HTP, exercise and motivational techniques: Dr. Jay Piatek
    Interview with Michael Anchors, M.D., Ph.D., about Phen-Pro (2000)
    Interview with Michael Murray, N.D. about 5-HTP
    Interview with Richard Rothman, M.D., Ph.D. about Phentermine-5-HTP
    Lose weight with phentermine, Celexa and 5-HTP: An interview with Marty Hinz, M.D.
    One patient given phentermine plus 5-HTP plus carbidopa lost 24% in 6 months
    People lost 22 lbs with phentermine vs 18.5 lbs w/ phentermine plus fenfluramine; 8.8 lbs w/placebo
    Phen-Celexa-5-HTP: Focusing on Fat, not BMI: An interview with Dr. William Wilson
    Phentermine (Adipex-P) plus 5-HTP used by 20% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Phentermine plus 5-HTP reduces alcohol intake in rats
    Phentermine-Prozac (Phen-Pro) for losing weight: An update with Michael Anchors (1998)
    Phentermine-Prozac (Phen-Pro): An interview with Dr. Michael Anchors
    Phentermine-Prozac-5-HTP helps some patients who have plateaued lose weight

    Abilify (aripiprazole)

    'I gained 70 lbs while taking Zyprexa,' said P. Wagner, 'but stopped eating on Geodon plus Abilify'
    Abilify (aripiprazole) causes AN average weight gain of 2 lbs in four months
    Abilify (aripiprazole) causes AN average weight gain of 2 lbs in four months
    Antipsychotic drugs associated with weight gains of 2 to 22 pounds
    Chart comparing weight gain from antipsychotic drugs
    Children and adolescents given Abilify gained an average of 9.7 lbs in 3 months
    Drugs for schizophrenia: Abilify (aripiprazole) causes weight loss, Zyprexa (olanzapine) weight gain
    There is only one (1) medical screening test that has been shown to reduce overall death

    Acarbose (Precose)

    Acarbose plus diet causes more weight loss in diabetics than metformin plus diet: 7.7 lbs vs 2.2 lbs
    Xenical (orlistat) reduces the risk of diabetes by 37%, Metformin by 31%, Precose (acarbose) by 25%

    Accountability

    Patients required to phone-in their weight 3X per week lost 27 lbs vs 4 lbs for no-phone-call group

    ACE Inhibitor

    Women taking a diuretic pus an ACE Inhibitor were 12% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking an ACE Inhibitor 4% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than women on NO drugs

    Acetyl-L-Carnitine

    Obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes associated more than 20 degenerative diseases
    Risk of colorectal cancer as much as 80% greater in obese men

    Acomplia (rimonabant)

    15 cases of paranoia associated with Acomplia (rimonabant)
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 1% of patients dropped out of studies due to anxiety
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 11-13% of patients reported nausea
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 12.8% of patients withdrew due to side effects
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 2 suicides in obesity studies so far
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 3% of patients dropped out of studies due to depression
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 3.7% of patients reported depression, 2.9% withdrew from the study
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 5% of patients needed antidepressant medication
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 8.7% of patients reported anxiety, 1.7% withdrew from the study
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : 9% of patients needed anti-anxiety medication
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : Psychiatric side effects reported by 26% of patients
    Acomplia (rimonabant) : Psychiatric side effects reported by 43% of patients vs 28% with placebo
    Acomplia (rimonabant) approved for sale in Europe on June 21st, 2006
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes 9.8 lbs greater weight loss after one year, 7.9 lbs after two years
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes an average weight loss of 10.3 pounds more than placebo
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes an average weight loss of 19 pounds for two years
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes average weight loss of 10.3 lbs with 20 mg, 2.9 lbs with 5 mg
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes average weight loss of 14.5 lbs with 20 mg, 7.5 lbs with 5 mg
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes average weight loss of 15.2 lbs with 20 mg, 6.7 lbs with 5 mg
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes weight loss of 14.5 lbs in one year
    Acomplia (rimonabant) causes weight loss of 15.6 lbs after two years
    Acomplia (rimonabant) increases thermogenesis as well as initially reducing appetite
    Acomplia (rimonabant) sales total $122 million for 2007
    Acomplia (rimonabant) side effects : Irritability, insomnia, stress, and nervousness
    Acomplia (rimonabant) side effects: nausea, dizziness, and upper respiratory tract infections
    Acomplia (rimonabant) to be submitted to FDA by mid-2005
    Acomplia (rimonabant): 5 mg per day causes average weight loss of 7.9 lbs, 20 mg 18.9 lbs
    Acomplia (rimonabant): Dropouts due to side effects : 17.5% of patients vs 7.5% with placebo
    Acomplia (rimonabant): Forty percent of patients lose at least 10% of their body weight
    Acomplia (rimonabant): Gastrointestinal side effects in 33.6% of patients vs 17.8% with placebo
    Acomplia (rimonabant): Major depression or suicidal thoughts : 4.7% of patients vs 3.8% with placebo
    Acomplia appears to increase the risk of suicide
    Acomplia has been sold in 18 European countries since June 2006
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) approved in 30 countries
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) blocks cannabinoid receptor: What are the implications?
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) can worsen Multiple Sclerosis
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) increases need for anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) increases need for antidepressants
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) increases the risk of seizures roughly 50-100%
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) most common adverse effects
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects reported
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Aggression
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Anxiety
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Cognitive disorders (3.5% vs 2.0%)
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Delusion
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Depression
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Dizziness (8.6% vs 5.6%)
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Injuries caused by accidents (6.9% vs 3.8%)
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Insomnia
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Irritability
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Motor impairment (1.7% vs 0.1%)
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Movement disorders including Parkinson's (1.1% vs 0.06%)
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Neurological side effects 3 times more common
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Psychiatric symptoms
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Psychotic behavior
    Acomplia's (rimonabant) side effects: Skin sensations (3.3% vs 2.1%)
    Acomplia's adverse effects include anxiety and depression
    Depressive reactions may occur in up to 10% of patients treated with Acomplia (rimonabant)
    European drug agency notes Acomplia less effective in practice than the studies suggested
    European drug agency recommends sales of Acomplia be stopped in Europe because of risks
    FDA Advisory Committee recommends against approval of Acomplia (rimonabant)
    Five deaths in the UK have been associated with Acomplia (rimonobant)
    Half of cases of depression associated with Acomplia (rimonabant) occur within first 2 weeks
    John lost 60 lbs with Taranabant, but found Acomplia had no effect
    New diet drug for losing weight and stopping smoking
    One in 10 who take Acomplia may develop depression, 1 in 100 have suicidal thoughts
    People lose 9.5 lbs in 1.5 years with 20 mg of Acomplia vs 1.1 lbs with placebo
    Replacing 3% of calories from eggs with plant protein reduces risk of death by 19% over 26-32 years
    Replacing 3% of calories from processed red meat with plant protein reduces risk of death by 18%
    Replacing 3% of calories from red meat with plant protein reduces risk of death by 12% over 26-32 yr
    Sanofi-Aventis had long rejected concerns over the Acomplia's psychiatric side effects
    Two generic versions of Acomplia being sold in India for as little at $0.14 per pill
    Weight loss with Acomplia: Lost 12 lbs while also on low-carb diet, but gained it all back

    Actonel (risedronate)

    I would avoid “bone-building” drugs Fosamax and Actonel like the plague
    Measles outbreaks in vaccinated populations, Boyd Haley, PhD

    Actos (pioglitazone)

    Actos (pioglitazone) and Avandia (rosiglitazone) cause significant weight gain in 48-58% of patients

    Adiponectin

    Homone adiponectin increases metabolism, causes weight loss in mice

    Aging

    Aging increases belly fat while decreasing BMI
    BMI of 25 associated with an average of 24% body fat in men, 36% in women
    Obesity accelerates aging in women by 8.8 years
    Obesity equivalent to being 11-16 years older
    Weight loss or gain reduces the quality of life in older people

    AIDS

    HIV is NOT the cause of AIDS; AIDS is really syphilis says American biologist Lynn Margulis

    Air Conditioning

    People using air conditioning in their home were 2.2 times as likely to become obese

    Alcohol

    74% of alcoholics sober & stable after 3.5 years with nutritional therapy, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Alcohol abuse or dependence is not more common among obese people
    Alcohol consumption associated with weight regain in women
    Alcohol increases calorie intake
    Alcohol quantity increases body weight, however, alcohol frequency decreases body weight
    Alcohol use associated with 0.4 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 2 of 3 - Talk Therapy Doesn't Work
    Drinkers are leaner than non-drinkers
    Emotional disorders more common among obese people than depression or mental disorders
    Frequently drinking small amounts of alcohol reduce risk of being overweight
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    High fat diets and alcohol increase consumption
    Light to moderate drinking reduces the risk of significant weight gain in White women by 6-14%
    Men who consume alcohol weigh 4-5 lbs more than men who do not drink according to study from France
    Men who consume more than 3 alcoholic drinks per day have more belly fat
    No proof that red wine reduces the risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Obesity shortens lifespan of men by 5 years, women by 10 years
    Phentermine plus 5-HTP reduces alcohol intake in rats
    Postmenopausal women who consume alcohol are 35% less likely to become overweight
    Postmenopausal women who consume alcohol are 88% less likely to become obese
    Protein provides 3.2 calories per gram, not 4 calories per gram
    Reduced-fat dairy products, fruit, and fiber associated with lower bodyweight
    Self-reported alcohol intake underreported 44 percent after one week
    Small amount of alcohol lowers the appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin by 14-18%
    The diseases of alcohol are the same as the diseases of sugar and obesity notes Robert Lustig MD
    When you add sugar to processed food, you kill it, and it's killing us says Robert Lustig MD
    Women who are light to moderate drinkers are 20-58% less likely to get type 2 diabetes
    Women who consume alcohol weigh 3-6 lbs less than those who do not drink
    Women who drank 2-3 alcoholic drinks per day were 71% less likely to become obese over 12.9 years

    Alcoholism

    74% of alcoholics sober & stable after 3.5 years with nutritional therapy, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    88% of alcoholics are hypoglycemic, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Alcoholism is genetic, not environmental, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 1 of 3 - Rats cured with vitamins
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 2 of 3 - Talk Therapy Doesn't Work
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD - 3 of 3 - You must do lab tests
    Dry Drunk Syndrome is the same as Hypoglycemia, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Hypoglycemia, 10 common signs, Joan Mathews-Larson, PhD
    Most alcoholics are allergic to alcohol, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Pyroluria causes anxiety, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Symptoms of abnormal histamine levels, tired if low, compulsive if high, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Symptoms of hypoglycemia, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Talk therapy does not work for drug and alcohol problems, Joan mathews Larson PhD
    Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency with alcoholism, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Vitamin B3 (niacin) deficiency with alcoholism, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Vitamin B6 deficiency with alcoholism and drugs, Joan Mathews Larson PhD

    Alii (orlistat) - (also see Xenical)

    1318 drug-induced adverse events were not reported in published study of weight loss drug orlistat
    4 million its of Alli (orlistat) sold in the US during its first year on the market
    Alii blocks 25% of dietary fat and causes weight loss of 5%
    Alli, the new OTC fat blocker? Flushing out the Truth. A doctor's perspective.
    Drug adverse events were under-reported 3- to 33-fold in studies of weight loss drug orlistat
    FDA reviewing safety of Xenical and Alii (orlistat) regarding reports of liver-related problems
    How does orlistat (Xenical and Alii) work?
    How effective is Alii (60 mg) vs Xenical (120 mg)?
    Multiple episodes of drug adverse events were only counted once & NOT reported in published studies
    Orlistat (Xenical and Alii) increase weight loss 0.4 lbs per week
    Orlistat (Xenical and Alii) increase weight loss by 4-5 lbs in three months
    Patients given orlistat had twice as many days with adverse events, but this was not reported
    People given 2.4 to 3 mg of liraglutide per day maintained weight loss of 17.6 lbs after two years
    People given 3 mg of liraglutide per day lost 7.3 lbs more after two years than with orlistat
    People given 3 mg of liraglutide per day lost 8.4 lbs more after one year than with orlistat
    Two year weight loss with Xenical vs Alli vs placebo: 12.3 lbs vs 9.9 lbs vs 6.9 lbs
    U.S. FDA approves over-the-counter sales of Alii (orlistat)
    Xenical and Alii (orlistat) may increase appetite and food consumption
    Xenical and Alli increase toxicity of liver and kidneys, and reduces effectiveness of cancer drugs

    All-you-can-eat

    College freshmen gain 4.2 lbs largely due to high-fat junk food and all-you-can-eat dining

    Allergies, Food and Brain

    Elimination of food allergies can relieve depression faster than anything, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Food allergies can cause depression, panic attacks and anger, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    The most common cause of depression is brain allergies, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD

    Almonds

    1.5 ounces of almonds daily reduces calories absorbed by 3%
    3 ounces of almonds daily reduces calories absorbed by 5%
    Almonds provide 32% fewer calories than previously thought
    High consumption of peanuts, walnuts, or almonds reduced the risk for breast cancer 2-3 times
    People eating almonds lost an additional 16 pounds

    Alpha Lipoic Acid

    Alpha lipoic acid causes "profound weight loss" in rodents
    Alpha lipoic acid increases fat oxidation
    Obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes associated more than 20 degenerative diseases

    Aluminum

    Chemtrails: What are they spaying the skies with? Aluminum, which is bad news for our health
    Sweating seems to be the major way that we get rid of aluminum from our bodies

    Alzhemier's Disease

    Alzheimer's may be associated with hypothyroidism according to Mark Starr, MD
    Alzheimers risk in women increases 36 pecent for every one unit increase in BMI
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day associated w/ 31% lower risk of dying from neurological disease
    Each 100 mg of dietary cholesterol intake associated with a 10% lower risk of Alzheimer's
    Hypothyroidism may be a major factor in Alzheimer's Disease, Mark Starr, MD
    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr
    Obesity appears to increase risk of dementia
    Obesity increases risk of Alzheimer's later in life by 80%
    Obesity increases risk of dementia 2.5 fold in men, lowest risk with BMI of 20 to 22.5
    Saunas 4-7 times per week associated with 66% lower risk of dementia
    Statin use is associated with a 1-12% greater risk of Alzheimer's disease
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause Alzheimer's disease notes Mark Starr, MD

    Amantadine (Symmetrel)

    Amantadine fights Zyprexa-induced weight gain
    Amantadine reduces Zyprexa-induced weight gain: -0.4 lbs in four months vs +2.8 lbs

    Ambien (zolpidem)

    Ambien (zolpidem) can cause sleep eating
    Benzodiazepines as sleeping pills, do more harm than good, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Amino Acids

    Arginine effective at reducing body fat, increasing muscle in animals, concludes a new study
    Arginine reduces body fat in diabetic fatty rats
    Arginine reduces weight gain in growing rats by 40-60%
    Arginine-fed rats gained 40-70% less weight
    Arginine-fed rats had one-third less body fat, one-third more brown fat, and 6-9% more muscle
    Glutamine is a fabulous for blocking sugar cravings according to Joan Mathews Larson, PhD

    Amitriptyline (See Elavil)

    Amphetamines

    Amphetamines used for weight loss since 1936

    Amylase inhibitors (See Starch Blockers)

    Anafranil (clomipramine)

    Anafranil (clomipramine) increases risk of diabetes 123%

    Angina (chest pain)

    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, minimum effective dose 2,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, optimum dose 6,000 to 9,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces development of angina after a heart attack by 40%

    Animal-based diet

    High intake of animal protein and fat associated with 37% higher risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    Antibiotics

    Long-term treatment with antibiotic caused weight gain of 4 to 29 lbs in one-fourth of patients

    Antidepressants

    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    1% of US children up to only four years of age are on psychotropic drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    17 million Americans taking antidepressants
    180 to 720 mg of rubidium chloride had a significant antidepressant effect in two-thirds of patients
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    360-720 mg of rubidium chloride per day for 2 months had rapid antidepressant action in 20 people
    540 mg of rubidium chloride for 3 weeks had antidepressant effect in 15 depressed people
    8 children on the SSRI antidepressant paroxetine (Paxil) had suicidal thoughts, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    85% of people with depression who are NOT given drugs are well after a year says Robert Whitaker
    Addiction to antidepressants, Peter Gøtzsche, MD
    All Psychiatric Diagnoses and Interventions Can Cause Harm, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    All-cause mortality 16% higher over one year when older patients take tricyclic antidepressants
    All-cause mortality 51% higher over one year when older patients take an SSRI
    All-cause mortality 54% higher over one year when older patients take SSRI's
    All-cause mortality 66% higher over one year when older patients taking other antidepressants
    Anafranil (clomipramine) increases risk of diabetes 123%
    Antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs do more harm than good
    Antidepressants are dangerous, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants are not effective says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants benefits due to the placebo effect mostly, if not entirely, says Harvard researcher
    Antidepressants cause 15 times more suicides than the FDA claims says Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants don't work for depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants increase risk of suicide, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants increase the risk of relapse into depression says Harvard researcher
    Antidepressants increase the risk of seizure 1.5 to 5.4-fold
    Antidepressants should not be used as first-line therapy for depression notes Robert Whitaker
    Antidepressants' benefit is clinically meaningless compared to a placebo says Harvard researcher
    Antipsychotics, antidepressants and benzodiazepines kill more than 500,000 people per year
    Before and After picture of depressed woman treated with natural approach, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Before antidepressants were used, people with depression usually got better without intervention
    Drug companies began influencing psychiatry's beliefs in 1980 notes Robert Whitaker
    Drug studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine are advertisements, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Elavil (amitriptyline) increases risk of diabetes 43%
    Exercise-alone works better for depression than drugs-alone or drugs-plus-exercise, Robert Whitaker
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    For mild to moderate depression, antidepressants are no better than a placebo, Irving Kirsch, PhD
    For mild to moderate depression, antidepressants are no better than placebo notes Robert Whitaker
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    Great Britain found that for mild to moderate depression, antidepressants were not effective
    High histamine levels cause compulsion, low levels irritability, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    History of the mineral rubidium as an antidepressant
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Should Be Forbidden To Make a Second Diagnosis While Someone Is On Drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Long-term antidepressants increase risk of converting to bipolar disorder says Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants causes cognitive decline evidence suggests says Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants increases recurrence of depression notes author Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants turn a short-term illness into a chronic illness, Robert Whitaker
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    Merck hid 3 heart attacks in VIGOR trial of Vioxx, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Other antidepressant use in those over 65 associated with 1.4 times greater risk of stroke
    Other antidepressant use in those over 65 associated with 1.7 times greater risk of dying
    Other antidepressants associated with 5.2 times greater risk of attempted suicide in elderly
    Other antidepressants in those over 65 associated with 2.2 times greater risk of seizure
    Paxil (paroxetine) increases risk of diabetes 33%
    People taking amitriptyline for depression were 1.7-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking citalopram for depression were 2.6-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking escitalopram for depression were 2.3-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking fluoxetine for depression were 2.6-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking mirtazapine for depression were 9.5-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking paroxetine for depression were 4-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking sertraline for depression were 2.9-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking trazodone for depression were 5-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking venlafaxine for depression were 5.7-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    Physical exercise improves mild depression as much as antidepressants notes UK's Dr. Tim Kendall
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug studies exaggerate benefits of these drugs by study design says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs can CAUSE psychiatric diseases, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs has INCREASED the number of people on disability, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs have caused disability rates to skyrocket notes Robert Whitaker
    Psychiatric drugs kill 500,000 people each year in the US and EU, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs, drug industry cheated in drug trials, withholding suicides, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry Has Spiraled Out of Control, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry is the drug industry's paradise, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry turned to drugs to treat depression to eliminate the competition, Robert Whitaker
    Psychiatry's lies, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risperdal (risperidone) plus Paxil (paroxetine) causes weight gain of 30-31 lbs in 4-5 months
    Sales of antidepressants total $11.3 billion per year
    Schizophrenia patients do better in poor countries where they don't use drugs notes Robert Whitaker
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    SSRI use associated with 2.2 times greater risk of attempted suicide in the elderly
    SSRI use in those over 65 associated with 1.7 times greater risk of falling
    SSRI's increase risk of suicides, Parkinson's and restless legs notes Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    SSRI's make things worse notes Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    SSRI's may increase risk of breast cancer, notes Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Stopping an antidepressant can cause severe drug withdrawal symptoms notes Robert Whitaker
    Stopping an antidepressant can make people feel depressed or suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Surmontil (trimipramine) increases risk of diabetes 146%
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    The FDA requires only two studies show positive results to approve a drug
    The FDA says unpublished drug trials are unpublished because they were flawed, but Britain disagrees
    The FDA's Flawed System of How Antidepressants Get Approved; Negative Trials Ignored
    The longer someone is on an antidepressant, the harder it is to get off notes Robert Whitaker
    The longer someone is on an antidepressant, the harder it is to get off notes Robert Whitaker
    The serotonin deficiency theory of depression is probably not correct says Walter Brown, MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is no evidence that people with depression have a chemical imbalance notes Robert Whitaker
    Tricyclic antidepressants associated with 1.7 times greater risk of attempted suicide in elderly
    You can get the same benefit without drugs if you are mildly or moderately depressed, Irving Kirsch
    Zoloft (sertraline) increases risk of diabetes 25%

    Antihistamines

    Men taking prescription H1 antihistamines weigh 20.9 lbs more than men not taking these drugs
    Women taking prescription H1 antihistamines weigh 9.7 lbs more than women not taking these drugs

    Antipsychotic drugs

    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    1% of US children up to only four years of age are on psychotropic drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    All Psychiatric Diagnoses and Interventions Can Cause Harm, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Among Antipsychotics, Zyprexa causes most weight gain, then Risperdal, then Clozapine, then Geodon
    Antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs do more harm than good
    Antidepressants don't work for depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain in adolescents: Seroquel: 9 lbs in two months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: 22 lbs weight gain might offset lives saved from suicide
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: 7% gain in one-third taking Zyprexa, one-fourth Seroquel
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 3.7 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 9.8 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 95 lbs in a year-and-two-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Geodon: 0.1 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Geodon: 1.8 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Nipolept: 4 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Risperdal: 2.2 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Risperdal: 4.6 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Seroquel: 4 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Seroquel: 4-12 lbs in six weeks
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Thioridazine: 7 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Zyprexa: 5.1 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Zyprexa: 9.1 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drugs associated with weight gains of 2 to 22 pounds
    Antipsychotic drugs can cause psychosis notes Robert Whitaker
    Antipsychotic drugs used for schizophrenia are not very effective notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotic drugs: Diet, exercise and counseling causes weight loss of 13.2 lbs in patients
    Antipsychotics are extremely dangerous drugs, Zyprexa has killed 200,000 people, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotics, antidepressants and benzodiazepines kill more than 500,000 people per year
    Chart comparing weight gain from antipsychotic drugs
    Children and adolescents given Abilify gained an average of 9.7 lbs in 3 months
    Children and adolescents given Risperdal gained an average of 11.7 lbs in 3 months
    Children and adolescents given Seroquel gained an average of 13.4 lbs in 3 months
    Children and adolescents given Zyprexa gained an average of 18.7 lbs in 3 months
    Clozapine causes average weight gain of 5 pounds, but in some as much as 28 pounds
    Clozaril (clozapine) caused weight gain of over 100 lbs in a pair of female twins
    Drug company salesman had Xanax withdrawal symptoms for 6 months
    Drug company salesman notes that all psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal symptoms
    Drug company salesman notes to NEVER stop a psychiatric drugs on your own
    Drug company salesman suggests having alternative doctor to help withdraw from psychiatric drugs
    Drugs for schizophrenia: Abilify (aripiprazole) causes weight loss, Zyprexa (olanzapine) weight gain
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    Harvard doctor behind explosion in antipsychotic drug use in children paid $1.6M by drug makers
    Harvard's Joseph Biederman, MD who promoted antipsychotic drugs for children, failed to report $1.4M
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Is the cure for schizophrenia worse than the disease asked the father of American psychopharmacology
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Should Be Forbidden To Make a Second Diagnosis While Someone Is On Drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD hates benzodiazepines and antipsychotic drugs
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    Metformin prevents weight gain from some antipsychotic drugs
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Only 5% of schizophrenics taking drugs recover, but 40% NOT taking drugs recover, Robert Whitaker
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs can CAUSE psychiatric diseases, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs has INCREASED the number of people on disability, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill 500,000 people each year in the US and EU, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs, drug industry cheated in drug trials, withholding suicides, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry Has Spiraled Out of Control, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry is the drug industry's paradise, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry's lies, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risperdal (risperidone) causes significant weight gain in 37 percent of patients
    Risperdal (risperidone) causes women to gain and average of 14.7 lbs in five years, men 6.6 lbs
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Seroquel (quetiapine) causes significant weight gain in 56% of patients
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Study abstract claimed antipsychotic Risperdal worked better than placebo, but this was NOT true
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Zyprexa (olanzapine) causes average weight gain in 20 pounds in schizophrenic patients
    Zyprexa (olanzapine) causes average weight gain of 7.9 percent in bipolar patients
    Zyprexa (olanzapine) causes significant weight gain in 40 percent of patients

    Anxiety

    '[Chemicals in our environment] are so capable of ruining our lives... you have no idea.' Dr. Larson
    10 risk factors for depression as noted by Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    40-year-old woman with life-long suicidal thoughts was allergic to wheat and dairy
    A woman with depression helped in 2 weeks with natural supplements, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Anxiety is 46% more common in people who are obese
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 1 of 3 - Rats cured with vitamins
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 2 of 3 - Talk Therapy Doesn't Work
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD - 3 of 3 - You must do lab tests
    Depression is a symptom, not a single illness; it does not tell you the cause or the treatment
    Doctors often dismiss natural treatments for psychiatric problems because of a lack of training
    Drug company salesman had Xanax withdrawal symptoms for 6 months
    Drug company salesman notes that all psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal symptoms
    Drug company salesman notes to NEVER stop a psychiatric drugs on your own
    Drug company salesman suggests having alternative doctor to help withdraw from psychiatric drugs
    Elimination of food allergies can relieve depression faster than anything, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil is a powerful antidepressant for some, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil should not be given to people with schizophrenia, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Food allergies can cause depression, panic attacks and anger, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Improving brain function, often with natural treatments, improves energy, focus, anxiety, addictions
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD give two Tablespoons of fish oil to all of her patients
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD hates benzodiazepines and antipsychotic drugs
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression are fixable with vitamins, minerals and amino acids
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression are not personality traits
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression have a common biochemical cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Common biochemical causes of anxiety and depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Hypoglycemia can cause anxiety and depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Orthomolecular medicine uses substance naturally present in the body
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Psychiatry prescribes drugs without doing lab tests to determine cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Psychiatry prescribes drugs without doing lab tests to determine cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: She treats hypoglycemia with glutamine, niacin, chromium, low-carb diet
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: She treats hypoglycemia with glutamine, niacin, chromium, low-carb diet
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Suicidal depression involves a different brain chemistry than depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause problems with memory and concentration
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Vitamin B3 deficiency can cause anxiety, fatigue, depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Why not use chemicals naturally present in the body for healing
    Low thyroid can cause a 'Black Depression' notes Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Obesity is associated with a 40% increase in the incidence of anxiety
    People on a low-fat, high-carb diet had less anxiety and depression than those on low-carb diet
    Psychiatric problems are, largely, brain problems
    Psychiatrist Daniel Amen does brain scans to diagnose psychiatric problems, anxiety and depression
    Psychiatrist Dr Daniel Amen prefers natural treatments for anxiety, depression and other problems
    Pyroluria can cause life-long anxiety and depression, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Pyroluria causes anxiety, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Sarah Silverman was prescribed 16 Xanax per day when she was 14-years-old
    Symptoms of abnormal histamine levels, tired if low, compulsive if high, Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Talk Therapy can't fix biochemical problems of anxiety, depression, alcoholism, Joan Mathews-Larson
    The devastating effects of hypoglycemia, Dr. Larson's own experience
    The most common cause of depression is brain allergies, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    There are seven patterns of depression; treating all depression the same, invites disaster
    Vitamin B6 deficiency can cause extreme anxiety, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD

    Arginine

    37-year-old woman loses 25 pounds of fat taking 10 grams of arginine per day
    Arginine and nitric oxide increase the burning of fat and decrease the production of fat
    Arginine effective at reducing body fat, increasing muscle in animals, concludes a new study
    Arginine reduces body fat in diabetic fatty rats
    Arginine reduces weight gain in growing rats by 40-60%
    Arginine-fed rats gained 40-70% less weight
    Arginine-fed rats had one-third less body fat, one-third more brown fat, and 6-9% more muscle
    John lost 60 lbs with Taranabant, but found Acomplia had no effect

    Arthritis

    Arthritis: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 4.4 fold
    Diet-induced weight loss reduces inflammation associated with an chronic diseases and death
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Excess Vitamin D causes heart attacks in animals according to Zane Kime, MD (1980)
    Excess Vitamin D increases arthritis & degenerative joint diseases according to Zane Kime, MD (1980)
    Excess Vitamin D irritates the lining of blood vessels according to Zane Kime, MD (1980)
    Obesity increases risk of osteoarthritis of the hand 2.6-fold
    Obesity increases risk of osteoarthritis of the knee 2.8-fold
    Obesity not associated with risk of osteoarthritis of the hip
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause arthritis notes Mark Starr, MD
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 9: Osteoarthritis
    Weight loss dramatically improves painful musculoskeletal complaints
    What is the cost of osteoarthritis related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?

    Articles by others

    'How to Change Your Response to Food' By Caryl Ehrlich author of 'Conquer Your Food Addiction'
    The Oprah Enigma... A Weighty Question by Robert Skversky, MD

    Artificial sweetners (general)

    15-year-old girls eat nearly 50% more calories than they say they do
    Americans consuming sugar-free products grew from 70 million in 1987 to 160 million in 2000
    Artificial sweeteners during pregnancy associated with 2X greater risk of infant being overweight
    Artificial sweeteners increase calorie intake
    Artificial sweeteners increase calories, weight, fat, decrease calorie compensation & thermogenesis
    Artificial sweeteners may disrupts the body's ability to accurate assess calorie intake
    Does NutraSweet (aspartame) help with weight loss and weight maintenance?
    Each can of diet soda per day increases risk of overweight by 41%
    Highest saccharin consumption associated with 3 lbs weight gain over four years
    One-third of people who consume most diet soda are 34% more likely to have metabolic syndrome
    People ate 11% more fat while substituting artificial sweeteners for sugar
    People consuming 4 cups of decaffeinated coffee per day were 10% less likely to die over 23 years
    People consuming more than 21 artificially-sweetened beverages per week twice as likely to be obese
    People consuming more than one can of artificially sweetened cola per week 18% more likely to die
    People who consume 3 artificially sweetened beverages per day are twice as likely to be overweight
    Rats given saccharin ate more calories, gained more weight and gained more body fat
    Saccharin does not increase the risk of bladder cancer
    Splenda (sucralose) gave me a headache, fatigue and diarrhea
    Splenda (sucralose) reduces good bacteria in the gut
    Sugar is more potent than artificial sweeteners at turning off brain's desire for sweetness
    Sugar-sweetened soda causes weight gain of 3.5 lbs vs weight loss of 2.2 lbs w/ artificial sweetener
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day were 30% more likely to die over 8.7 years
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day were 30% more likely to have cardiovascular event over 8.7 yrs
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day, 50% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease over 8.7 y

    Aspartic Acid

    A mineral aspartate made me feel anxious

    Aspirin

    Daily aspirin does not reduce mortality in men, and increases mortality in women, Joel Kaufmann, PhD

    Asthma

    Asthma twice as common among obese children
    Asthma: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 2.7 fold
    Obesity can cause asthma
    People with asthma far more likely to be obese: 33% vs 23%

    Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder -- ADHD

    ADHD 2.1 times more likely if mother was overweight and gain large amount of weight during pregnancy
    ADHD drugs may cause brain damage notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Autism

    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    As vaccines increased, autism increased, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Autism is a man-made disease (Part 1 of 3)
    Autism is a man-made disease (Part 2 of 3)
    Autism is a man-made disease (Part 3 of 3)
    CDC whistleblower admits that the MMR vaccine increases autism risk
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    US mandates most vaccines in the world and has highest autism rate in the world, Boyd Haley, PhD

    Avandia (rosiglitazone)

    12 serious heart problems deleted from diabetes drug study of rosiglitazone (Avandia), Dr. Gotzsche
    Actos (pioglitazone) and Avandia (rosiglitazone) cause significant weight gain in 48-58% of patients
    Diabetes drug Avandia increases heart attacks 43%; Glaxo stole manuscript says Dr. Steve Nissen

    Axokine

    Axokine causes weight loss of 10.1 lbs in three months
    Axokine only causes 3.4 lbs more weight loss than placebo after one year

    Bariatric Surgery (See Weight Loss Surgery)

    Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive

    Behavioral therapy causes weight loss in adolescents: -4.2 lbs vs +8.4 lbs
    Behavioral treatment for obesity causes average weight loss of 18.7 lbs
    Greater expecations caused slightly greater weight loss
    Intense weight loss therapy and meal replacements help severely obese women lose 53 lbs, men 79 lbs
    Intensive weight loss program causes average weight loss of 53 lbs for women, 79 lbs for men
    Overweight children lose more weight when the father increases accetance
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 27: Behavioral therapy for weight loss
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 28: Behavioral strategies for weight loss
    VTrim causes twice as much weight loss as eDiets.com : 18 lbs vs 9 lbs
    Weight maintenance: Modest weight loss does not improve weight maintenance
    Xenical increases weight loss by 7.2 lbs over diet alone; Meridia by 9.2 lbs

    Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride)

    Belviq (lorcaserin) can cause euphoria, hallucination, and dissociation
    Belviq (lorcaserin) can decrease white blood cell count
    Belviq (lorcaserin) can impair memory and attention, and cause confusion, somnolence and fatigue
    Belviq (lorcaserin) causes weight loss of 3 to 3.7% more than placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) discontinued by patients due to headache, depression and dizziness
    Belviq (lorcaserin) increases risk of depression 1.9-fold
    Belviq (lorcaserin) increases risk of heart attack, cardiovascular death and non-fatal stroke 2-fold
    Belviq (lorcaserin) increases risk of mitral regurgitation 2-fold
    Belviq (lorcaserin) increases risk of primary pulmonary hypertension 1.4-fold
    Belviq (lorcaserin) may cause depression or suicidal ideation
    Belviq (lorcaserin) may cause disturbances in attention or memory
    Belviq (lorcaserin) may cause serious side effects including serotonin syndrome
    Belviq (lorcaserin) may cause serious side effects including serotonin syndrome
    Belviq (lorcaserin) may increase the risk for pulmonary hypertension
    Belviq (lorcaserin) should be discontinued if patients do not lose at least 5% in 3 months
    Belviq (lorcaserin) should not be used during pregnancy
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects include headache, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, constipation
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Anxiety in 3.5% of patients vs 3.2% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Back pain in 11.7% of patients vs 7.9% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Back pain in 6.3% of patients vs 5.6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Constipation in 5.8% of patients vs 3.9% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Cough in 4.3% of patients vs 3.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Cough in 8.2% of patients vs 4.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Decreased appetite in 2.3% of patients vs 0.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Depression in 2.3% of patients vs 2% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Diarrhea in 6.5% of patients vs 5.6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Dizziness in 7% of patients vs 6.3% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Dizziness in 8.5% of patients vs 3.8% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Dry Mouth in 5.3% of patients vs 2.3% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Fatigue in 7.2% of patients vs 3.6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Fatigue in 7.4% of patients vs 4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Gastroenteritis in 3.1% of patients vs 2% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Headache in 14.5% of patients vs 7.1% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Headache in 16.8% of patients vs 10.1% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Hypertension in 5.1% of patients vs 3.2% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Hypoglycemia in 29% of patients vs 21% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Inflammation of nasal passages 13% of patients, 12% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Insomnia in 3.5% of patients vs 2.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Muscle spasms in 4.7% of patients vs 3.6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Musculoskeletal pain in 2% of patients vs 1.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Nasopharyngitis in 11.3% of patients vs 9.9% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Nausea in 8.3% of patients vs 5.3% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Nausea in 9.4% of patients vs 7.9% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Pain in mouth or pharynx in 3.5% of patients vs 2.5% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Peripheral edema in 4.7% of patients vs 2.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Seasonal allergy in 3.1% of patients vs 0.8% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Sinus congestion in 2.9% of patients vs 2.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Stress in 2.7% of patients vs 1.2% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Toothache in 2.7% of patients vs 0% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Upper respiratory infection 13.7% of patients, 12.3% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Urinary tract infection in 6.5% of patients vs 5.4% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Urinary tract infection in 9% of patients vs 6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Vomiting in 3.8% of patients vs 2.6% with placebo
    Belviq (lorcaserin) side effects: Worsening of diabetes in 2.7% of patients vs 0.8% with placebo
    FDA approves new weight loss drug Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride) on June 27, 2012
    Symptoms of Serotonin Syndrome include hyperactive, talkativeness, irritability, confusion

    Benefits of weight loss

    10 lbs weight loss reduces risk of diabetes 30%
    22 lbs weight loss reduces blood pressure 6 points systolic, 4.6 points diastolic
    A 5 pound weight loss reduces risk factors for heart disease by 40-48%
    American Dietetic Assoication's position on weight management
    Breast cancer: Adult weight loss reduces the risk of breast cancer after the age of 55 by 50-60%
    Cancer: Avoiding weight gain reduces the risk of some cancers
    Health and financial benefits of weight loss
    Intentional weight loss due to personal choice associated with 41% decreased risk of death in men
    Lifestyle intervention reduced the risk for diabetes to a greater extent than metformin (58% vs 31%)
    Losing 11 pounds would result in 27-34% fewer cardiovascular events over the next 20 years
    Losing weight after being obese increases life span in rats
    Mortality: Lowering BMI from 30 to 28.5 reduces the risk of dying by 7.5 percent
    Obesity and hypertension: 5 lbs weight loss can lower diastolic blood pressure 7 points
    Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state; benefits of weight loss due to reduction of inflammation
    People who reduced body fat by 2% reduced blood pressure 8/6 mm Hg
    Small reduction in waist benefits women
    Weight loss improves mood, fatigue, insomnia and stomach problems
    Weight loss increases life expectancy of type 2 diabetics
    Weight loss less than 11 lbs with diet and lifestyle, 11-22 lbs with drugs, and 55-165 lbs w/surgery
    Weight loss surgery reduced the risk of cancer by 76%
    Weight loss surgery reduces risk of death in morbidly obese by 89% over five years

    Benzodiazepines

    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    1% of US children up to only four years of age are on psychotropic drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    All Psychiatric Diagnoses and Interventions Can Cause Harm, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants don't work for depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotics, antidepressants and benzodiazepines kill more than 500,000 people per year
    Benzodiazepine use is associated with approximately 50% increased risk of dementia
    Benzodiazepines and similar drugs double the death rate says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Benzodiazepines as sleeping pills, do more harm than good, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Should Be Forbidden To Make a Second Diagnosis While Someone Is On Drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD hates benzodiazepines and antipsychotic drugs
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    Newer antidepressants cause 50% more deaths in older people (10.6% per year vs 7%) Peter Gotzsche MD
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill 500,000 people each year in the US and EU, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry Has Spiraled Out of Control, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Beta Blockers

    Beta blockers do NOT reduce heart attacks or death in people over 60
    Beta blockers increase the risk of suicide by 60%
    Beta blockers increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes
    Beta blockers only prevent one death per year for every 2500 people given these drugs
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced fat oxidation rate by 32%
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced thermogenesis by 50%
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced weekly habitual activity by 34%
    Beta-blocker users in a Diabetic Clinic weighed 19.6 lbs more than non-users
    Beta-blocker users in a Hypertension Clinic weighed 37.9 lbs more than Non-Users
    Strokes were 2-4 times more common with beta blockers than a diuretic
    Women taking a beta blocker were 15% LESS likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking a diuretic plus a beta blocker were 21% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease

    Binge Eating

    Binge eaters more likely to have a history of major depression
    Binge eaters weigh more and have tried losing weight more often
    Binge eaters who stopped bingeing lost 13.6 lbs in five months
    Binge eating afffects 30% seeking weight control
    Binge eating and weight gain
    Binge eating disorder affects 1-2% of US polulation, but 50% of those seeking weight loss surgery
    Drugs cause weight loss of 7.8 lbs or 3.2% in people with binge eating disorder
    Meal replacement shakes help women lose 12% of body weight in five months
    Meridia helps people with Binge Eating Disorder lose 16 lbs in three months
    People with night eating syndrome suffer more depression
    Topamax causes 13 pound weight loss in three months and reduces binge eating
    Topamax helps people with Binge Eating Disorder lose 9 lbs in four months
    Topamax helps woman with binge eating disorder lose 26 lbs
    Topmax reduces binge eating and causes weight loss of 9.9 lbs
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 18: Binge Eating
    Women who engage in binge eating gain an extra 5 pounds
    Xenical (orlistat) helps binge eaters lost 7.4% in six months
    Zonegran (zonisamide) eliminates binge eating in about half of people, average weight loss of 18 lbs

    Bioidentical hormones

    20/20 claims there is no difference between bioidentical hormones and Premarin. This is wrong.
    Bio-identical hormones should NEVER be swallowed, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bio-identical progesterone given orally reduces anxiety, improves sleep and PMS, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bio-identical progesterone should ALWAYS be given with estrogen, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormone replacement and weight loss
    Bioidentical hormone replacement does much more good than harm notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormone replacement dramatically reduces the risk of Alzheimer's, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormones (and all other hormones) should NOT be taken orally, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormones (and all other hormones) should NOT be taken sublingually, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Cobalt is necessary for the proper retention of estrogen, testosterone, cortisol, Jonathan Wright MD
    DHEA should NOT be taken orally; it gets converted into estrogen in the liver, Jonathan Wright, MD
    DHEA, thyroid, melatonin & growth hormone should be considered for hormone replacement, Dr. Wright
    Doses of bio-identical hormones; 50-100 mg progesterone, 1.5 to 3 mg estrogens, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Giving women bio-identical progesterone along with estrogen is VERY important, Jonathan Wright, MD
    How to find a doctor who understands proper use of bioidentical hormones, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Iodine is VERY important for the body to convert pro-cancerous estone to the anti-cancerous estriol
    Iodine will eliminate fibrocystic breast disease 100% of the time, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Jonathan Wright, MD teaches a 3-day course on Bioidentical Hormone Replacement for doctors
    Jonathan Wright, MD's book on bioidentical hormone replacement is the BEST notes Dr. Mercola
    Not only do estrogen & testosterone drop, but DHEA, thyroid, & other hormones drop also, Dr. Wright
    Provera is NOT progesterone, and does NOT belong in the body notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    The Chinese used bioidentical hormone replacement a thousand years ago notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Women (and men) using bioidentical hormone replacement do better in every way, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Women given bio-identical hormones say, 'I feel like myself again', Jonathan Wright, MD

    Birth Control Pills

    Depo-Provera causes average weight gain of 13.4 lbs after 2.5 years

    Blacks

    Being overweight at 18 lowers the risk of breast cancer both pre- and post-menopausal in Black women
    Lower metabolism and less weight loss in Blacks

    Blood Donation

    Each additional annual blood donation was associated with a 7.5% lower risk of death
    Men who donated blood were 88% less likely to have a heart attack over 9 years

    Blood Pressure

    200 grams of fructose per day for two weeks raised blood pressure 7/6 mm Hg
    22 lbs weight loss reduces blood pressure 6 points systolic, 4.6 points diastolic
    3 Tablespoons of ground flaxseed per day lowers blood pressure 15 mmHg systolic, 7 mmHg diastolic
    66% of hypertension due to excess weight
    85% of hypertension in people who are overweight
    Aiming for blood pressure targets lower than 140/90 mmHg is not beneficial says Cochrane Review
    Average drop in blood pressure of 5 mm Hg systolic, 3 mm Hg diastolic on a low-carbohydrate diet
    Beta blockers do NOT reduce heart attacks or death in people over 60
    Beta blockers increase the risk of suicide by 60%
    Beta blockers increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes
    Beta blockers only prevent one death per year for every 2500 people given these drugs
    Blood pressure 9 points higher in obese men
    Blood Pressure: "Lower is better" is false
    Blood Pressure: Abdominal obesity increases the risk 44-98% in men, 104-198% in women
    Blood Pressure: The belief that "lower is better" is false
    Cozaar (losartan) reduces strokes by 40%, but does NOT reduce heart attacks
    Diet plus exercise better at lowering blood pressure, but diet alone causes more weight loss
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Editorial on blood pressure drug Cozaar (losartan) is deceptive and disturbing notes Franz Messeri
    Giving people 3.5 oz of dark chocolate per day decreased blood pressure 4.7 mm Hg / 2.8 mm Hg
    Hibiscus tea lowered blood pressure by 11% in people with mild hypertension
    Hibiscus tea lowered blood pressure by 7 points from 129 to 122 mmHg in Tufts University study
    Hibiscus tea lowered blood pressure from 139/91 to 124/80 mmHg
    High Blood Pressure: It’s A Symptom, Not A Disease, Stupid! By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Hydralazine-treated rabbits ate less, weighed less, and had less bodyfat
    Hypertension twice as common in obese people
    Hypertension: 10 lbs weight gain in women increases the risk 20%
    Hypertension: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 6.4 fold
    Lacto-ovo vegetarians are 43% less likely to have hypertension than non-vegetarians
    Low-carbohydrate diets reduced blood pressure, blood sugar, insulin, triglycerides, increased HDL
    Medical expenses in those with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension 30-60% higher in obese people
    Men who consumed the most cocoa had lower blood pressure, 3.7 mmHg systolic, 2.1 mmHg diastolic
    Obese people with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension lost 2-6 more work days than non-obese
    Obesity and hypertension: 5 lbs weight loss can lower diastolic blood pressure 7 points
    Obesity increases the risk of hypertension 5-fold
    Obesity increases the risk of hypertension in adolescents
    Obesity undiagnosed in 23% of cases
    One ounce of dark chocolate per day lowered blood pressure 6 mm Hg, fasting blood sugar 8 mg/dl
    People consuming the most potassium were 35% less likely to die from coronary heart disease
    People who reduced body fat by 2% reduced blood pressure 8/6 mm Hg
    Potassium bicarbonate reduced my blood pressure by about 20 points to 121/72 mm Hg
    Prevalence of hypertension increases with body weight
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD: Drugs are not the answer to hypertension
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD: There is no evidence that blood pressure drugs reduce the risk of death
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; 3 newer blood pressure drugs had worse health outcome than diuretics
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; Diabetes problems are NOT caused by high blood sugar
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; Diuretics reduce blood pressure by excreting sodium
    Semi-vegetarians are 8% less likely to have hypertension than non-vegetarians
    Snoring is associated with a 50% increased risk of hypertension independent of body weight
    Strokes were 2-4 times more common with beta blockers than a diuretic
    Sugar causes obesity, type II diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease says Robert Lustig, MD
    Table sugar (sucrose) is just as bad as high-fructose corn syrup says Robert Lustig, MD
    The importance of omega-3 fatty acids: An interview with Dr. Artemis Simopoulos
    The New Hypertension Guidelines [as of 2003] By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Treating High Blood Pressure: What Can You Believe? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause high blood pressure notes Mark Starr, MD
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 20: Weight loss lowers blood pressure
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 3: Hypertension
    U.S. Obesity rates by state as well as hypertension, diabetes and physical inactivity
    U.S. obesity: 9 of 10 states with highest rates of type 2 diabetes and hypertension are in the South
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    Vegans are 63% less likely to have hypertension than non-vegetarians
    What is the cost of hypertension related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the prevalence of hypertension in people who are overweight?
    Women on calcium channel blockers were 74% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a beta blocker were 15% LESS likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking a diuretic + calcium channel blocker 136% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic plus a beta blocker were 21% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic pus an ACE Inhibitor were 12% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic were 9% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking an ACE Inhibitor 4% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than women on NO drugs

    Blood Pressure Drugs

    3 Tablespoons of ground flaxseed per day lowers blood pressure 15 mmHg systolic, 7 mmHg diastolic
    Aiming for blood pressure targets lower than 140/90 mmHg is not beneficial says Cochrane Review
    Another Stupid Commercially Overhyped Trial – Before Prescribing Look Again By Dr. Malcolm Ken
    Beta blockers do NOT reduce heart attacks or death in people over 60
    Beta blockers increase the risk of suicide by 60%
    Beta blockers increase the risk of weight gain and diabetes
    Beta blockers only prevent one death per year for every 2500 people given these drugs
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced fat oxidation rate by 32%
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced thermogenesis by 50%
    Beta blockers reduced diet-induced weekly habitual activity by 34%
    Beta-blocker users in a Diabetic Clinic weighed 19.6 lbs more than non-users
    Beta-blocker users in a Hypertension Clinic weighed 37.9 lbs more than Non-Users
    Cozaar (losartan) reduces strokes by 40%, but does NOT reduce heart attacks
    Editorial on blood pressure drug Cozaar (losartan) is deceptive and disturbing notes Franz Messeri
    How Risky Is A Risk? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD: Drugs are not the answer to hypertension
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD: There is no evidence that blood pressure drugs reduce the risk of death
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; 3 newer blood pressure drugs had worse health outcome than diuretics
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; Diabetes problems are NOT caused by high blood sugar
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; Diuretics reduce blood pressure by excreting sodium
    Strokes were 2-4 times more common with beta blockers than a diuretic
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    UCLA's Sid Port #1: The belief that lower your blood pressure, the lower your risk of death is WRONG
    Women on calcium channel blockers were 74% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a beta blocker were 15% LESS likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking a diuretic + calcium channel blocker 136% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic plus a beta blocker were 21% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic pus an ACE Inhibitor were 12% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic were 9% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking an ACE Inhibitor 4% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than women on NO drugs

    Blood Pressure Drugs INCREASED Death in Older women

    Women on calcium channel blockers were 74% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a beta blocker were 15% LESS likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking a diuretic + calcium channel blocker 136% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic plus a beta blocker were 21% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic pus an ACE Inhibitor were 12% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic were 9% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs
    Women taking an ACE Inhibitor 4% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than women on NO drugs

    Blood sugar

    One ounce of dark chocolate per day lowered blood pressure 6 mm Hg, fasting blood sugar 8 mg/dl
    People blood sugar levels of 100 mg/dL were 2.4 times more likely to die in 2 years than w/67 mg/dL
    People blood sugar levels of 133 mg/dL were 3.8 times more likely to die in 2 years than w/67 mg/dL

    BMI not perfect

    46% of men are obese when defined as having more than 25% body fat
    74% of women are obese when defined as having more than 30% body fat
    BMI inaccurate in predicting body fat
    College football linemen can have BMI of up to 34 without being overfat
    Measuring body fat vastly superior to BMI for identifying who is overweight
    Obesity rates twice as high in 11-14 year-olds when percent body fat used

    BMI Table

    Body Mass Index (BMI) Table

    BMI, Healthiest (Healthiest BMI)

    BMI of 20 to 20.9 associated with 19% greater risk of dying over 12 years for those over 65
    BMI of 21 to 21.9 associated with 12% greater risk of dying over 12 years for those over 65
    BMI of 23 to 23.9 healthiest for those over 65, lowest risk of dying over 12 years
    BMI of 33 to 33.9 associated with 8% greater risk of dying over 12 years for those over 65
    What BMI is best a long life?

    Body Composition

    14% of weight loss on a low-calorie diet is lean body mass
    23% of weight loss on a very-low-calorie diet is lean body mass
    Belly fat associated with depression and anxiety
    BMI of 25 associated with 24% bodyfat in men, 36% in women
    BMI of 25 associated with an average of 24% body fat in men, 36% in women
    Hydralazine-treated rabbits ate less, weighed less, and had less bodyfat
    Moderate-intensity exercise causes weight loss, fat loss in men, weight maintenance in women
    More muscle mass and a smaller waist lower the risk of dying in older men
    People lose 3 lbs of muscle, gain 3 lbs of fat every 10 years
    Phen-Celexa-5-HTP: Focusing on Fat, not BMI: An interview with Dr. William Wilson
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.
    Women eating a high-protein diet lose an extra 5.5 pounds of bodyfat
    Women with diabetes lose nearly twice as much fat with high-protein diet

    Bone Fractures

    Eating legumes once per day associated with 64% lower risk of hip fracture
    Eating meat four times per week associated with 40% lower risk of hip fracture

    Bone mass

    Bone loss associated with fat loss
    High-protein diets reduce bone loss

    Book - Blue Zones

    Lessons on living to 100 from Ikaria as described in the book 'Blue Zones'
    Lessons on living to 100 from Loma Linda, California as described in the book 'Blue Zones'
    Lessons on living to 100 from Okinawa as described in the book 'Blue Zones'
    Lessons on living to 100 from Sardinia from the book 'Blue Zones'

    Book - Cholesterol Myths (by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD)

    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: “The most exact data base”—the screenee
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Dr. Ornish and The Lifestyle Heart trial
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Epilogue
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Insider Insight
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 10: All Scientists Support the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 8: Polyunsaturated Oils are Good for You
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 9: The Cholesterol Campaign is Based on Good Science
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: References
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Cholesterol lowering in children
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Introduction: The Diet-Heart Idea: A Die-Hard Hypothesis
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 1: High-Fat Foods Cause Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 2: High Cholesterol Causes Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 3: High-Fat Foods Raise Blood Cholesterol
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 4: High Cholesterol Blocks Arteries
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 5: Animal Studies Prove the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Triglycerides
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Familial hypercholesterolemia--not as risky as you may think
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Author's Foreword
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Forward to Book by Michael Gurr, PhD

    Book - Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)

    12 serious heart problems deleted from diabetes drug study of rosiglitazone (Avandia), Dr. Gotzsche
    2 out of 20 healthy volunteers given sertraline (Zoloft) became suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    8 children on the SSRI antidepressant paroxetine (Paxil) had suicidal thoughts, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants are dangerous, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants increase risk of suicide, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotics are extremely dangerous drugs, Zyprexa has killed 200,000 people, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine are advertisements, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug-induced side effects: Deadly Medicines & Organised Crime by Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck hid 3 heart attacks in VIGOR trial of Vioxx, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck lied about heart attacks with its anti-inflammatory drug, Vioxx (rofecoxib), Peter Gotzsche MD
    Prescription drugs are 3rd leading cause of death in US, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs can CAUSE psychiatric diseases, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs has INCREASED the number of people on disability, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs, drug industry cheated in drug trials, withholding suicides, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry is the drug industry's paradise, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry's lies, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Stopping an antidepressant can make people feel depressed or suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    We cannot trust the medical literature. It is flawed, some of it is fraudulent, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Book - Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)

    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    1% of US children up to only four years of age are on psychotropic drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Addiction to antidepressants, Peter Gøtzsche, MD
    All Psychiatric Diagnoses and Interventions Can Cause Harm, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants don't work for depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Benzodiazepines as sleeping pills, do more harm than good, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Should Be Forbidden To Make a Second Diagnosis While Someone Is On Drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry Has Spiraled Out of Control, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Book - Good Calories, Bad Calories (by Gary Taubes)

    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': A hormonal imbalance causes us to get fat
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Bad calories from Bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, cereals, corn
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Carbohydrates cause heart disease due to insulin
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Consuming excess calories does not cause us to grow fatter
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Dietary fat does not cause heart disease
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Exercise does not make us lose excess fat; it makes us hungry
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Foods to Avoid
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Foods you can eat as much as you want of
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Good calories from meat, fish, fowl, cheese, eggs, butter
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Insulin regulates fat storage
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Insulin regulates fat storage
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Obesity is not due to overeating or lack of exercise
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Refined carbohydrates cause cancer, Alzheimers, & other diseases
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Sugar and high fructose corn syrup are particularly harmful
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': The fewer carbohydrates we eat, the leaner we will be
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Book - Malignant Medical Myths

    Adding fluoride to our drinking water was a way of disposing of fluoridated waste, Joel Kauffman PhD
    Advice to eat diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol are not based on science, Joel Kauffman PhD
    Annual mammography does NOT lower the total risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Cancer treatments are poor; 5-year survival rates manipulated, used to mislead, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Daily aspirin does not reduce mortality in men, and increases mortality in women, Joel Kaufmann, PhD
    EDTA chelation retards or reverses atherosclerosis notes Joel Kaufmann, PhD
    Extreme exercise can cause heart failure and other injuries notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    No proof that red wine reduces the risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Typical background radiation is not only harmless, but actually beneficial notes Joel Kauffman, PhD

    Book - Our Daily Meds

    Our Daily Meds : 100,000 Americans killed each year by drugs taken as directed says Melody Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : 65-80% of education for doctors after med school paid for by drug companies
    Our Daily Meds : American spending 17 times more on prescription drugs than in 1980 says Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : Americans spend more on medicines than 12 countries combined
    Our Daily Meds : Book attacked in New York Post, but the critic is paid by the drug industry
    Our Daily Meds : Doctors often paid by drug companies to give speeches to other doctors
    Our Daily Meds : Doctors often paid by drug companies to give speeches to other doctors
    Our Daily Meds : Drug companies are driven by profits, not by what is best for the patient
    Our Daily Meds : Drug companies can only advertise directly to consumers in the US and New Zealand
    Our Daily Meds : Drug companies make newer drugs look better by giving lower doses of older drugs
    Our Daily Meds : Drug companies make newer drugs look better by only publishing positive studies
    Our Daily Meds : Drug companies make newer drugs look safer by giving higher doses of older drugs
    Our Daily Meds : Drug studies in medical journals are often written by advertising agencies
    Our Daily Meds : Find a doctor who has thrown the sales reps out of his office says Melody Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : Half of antidepressant studies found the placebo worked as well as the drug
    Our Daily Meds : It's marketing, not science that drives the drug companies says Melody Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : Most doctors take gifts or cash from the drug companies says author Melody Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : People are taking drugs they don't need according to author Melody Petersen
    Our Daily Meds : Prescription drugs may have played a role in 26% of crashes of large trucks
    Our Daily Meds : PTSD Alliance created by PR firm working for Pfizer to sell more Zoloft
    Our Daily Meds : Some independent scientists now view the medical literature as propaganda
    Our Daily Meds : Some medical organizations are created simply to promote a company's drugs
    Our Daily Meds : Some scientists are starting to view our medical literature as propaganda
    Our Daily Meds : The drug industry has two lobbyists for ever member of congress in the US
    Our Daily Meds : There is a lot of pressure for the FDA to do what the drug industry wants it to do
    Our Daily Meds : Two-thirds of Americans take at least one prescription drug
    Our Daily Meds : We are being deliberately misled by drug companies says journalist Melody Petersen

    Book - The Black Swan

    'Don't ask a barber if you need a haircut' says Black Swan author, Nassim Taleb
    Over-treatment reduces life expectancy says Black Swan author, Nassim Taleb

    Book - Why We Get Fat (by Gary Taubes)

    1932 obesity researcher noted that strenuous physical exercise SLOWS weight loss, Gary Taubes
    Carbohydrate is driving insulin is driving fat, Gary Taubes
    Eating less to lose weight simply doesn't work for more than a few months notes Gary Taubes
    Exercise increases appetite notes Gary Taubes
    Fat is associated with poverty, not prosperity notes Gary Taubes
    Fat tissue is carefully regulated, not just a garbage can where extra calories are stored, Taubes
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Insulin regulates fat storage
    Gaining 5 lbs of muscle only burns an extra 24 calories per day notes Gary Taubes
    If you want to lose weight, avoid stay away from carbohydrate-rich foods says Gary Taubes
    In 1934, German doctor startled by how many really fat children she saw in New York City
    It is absurd to think about obesity as caused by overeating, Gary Taubes
    Low-calorie diets cause only modest weight loss of 9-10 lbs notes Gary Taubes
    Low-calorie diets were referred to as 'semi-starvation' diets until the 1970's notes Gary Taubes
    Obese mice will make fat out of their food even when half-starved, Gary Taubes
    Obesity is the result of a hormonal imbalance -- too much insulin -- says Gary Taubes
    Our misguided beliefs about the cause of obesity has caused incalculable harm, Gary Taubes
    People who get fat do so because of the way their fat is regulated, Gary Taubes
    Rats get fat when their ovaries are removed regardless of whether they overeat, Gary Taubes
    Saying that we get fat because we consume more calories than we expend does NOT explain why, Taubes
    Success of low-calorie diets are remarkably poor noted Albert Stunkard in 1959, notes Gary Taubes
    The idea that exercise causes weight loss due to nutritionist Jean Mayer, notes Gary Taubes
    The idea that exercise causes weight loss ignores the idea of working up an appetite, Gary Taubes
    The idea that we can eat less or exercise more without affecting appetite & energy is wrong, Taubes
    Thinking obesity is due to lack of will power leaves human biology out of the equation, Gary Taubes
    Thinking that obesity is only due to an imbalance in calorie intake is absurd (1947), Gary Taubes
    Two obesity experts failed to mention that women lost no weight training for a marathon, Gary Taubes
    Undereating isn't a treatment or cure for obesity, only a way to temporarily lose weight Gary Taubes
    Very little evidence exists to support the belief that exercise affects how fat we are, Gary Taubes
    We don't get fat because we eat too much and move too little, Gary Taubes
    When insulin levels are elevated, we gain fat, when it falls, we release fat to burned, Gary Taubes
    When rat's brain is damaged, fat tissue sucks up calories leaving other tissue starved, Gary Taubes
    When rat's brain is damaged, it alters regulation of body fat, not appetite, Gary Taubes
    When we eat less, we get hungry and move less, and metabolism slows down, notes Gary Taubes

    Brain Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)

    Breakfast

    78% of people who have lost 30 lbs and kept it off for a year eat breakfast every day
    Big breakfast with lots of protein & carbs causes more weight loss than low-protein, low-carbs
    Breakfast reduces risk of significant weight gain in middle-aged men by 23 percent
    Calcium: High-calcium breakfast reduces intake by 321 calories per day
    Cereal for breakfast and lunch or dinner causes a weight loss of 3-4 lbs in six weeks
    Children should be encouraged to eat breakfast
    Eating cereal for breakfast associated with lower body weight
    Eating four or more times per day associated with 45 percent lower risk of obesity
    Eggs for breakfast reduces calorie intake by 274 calories per day
    Fewer adults eating breakfast than they did in 1976-1980
    Obese children eat fewer of their calories at breakfast (17% vs 21%, boys; 15% vs 18%, girls)
    Teenagers who eat breakfast weigh 5-10 lbs less
    Women lose an extra 6 pounds by eating breakfast

    Breast-feeding

    Adolescents who were breastfed more than 4 months were 50% less likely to be overweight
    Breast-feeding reduces the risk of childhood obesity by 22%
    Breastfeeding is unlikely to play a role in preventing childhood obesity
    Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of later obesity by 20%
    Breastfeeding protects against obesity in infancy
    Breastfeeding unlikely to play important role in obesity epidemic
    Children of obese mothers are 4.1 times more likely to become overweight

    Broda Barnes, MD, PhD (thyroid expert)

    A cure for infertility
    Desiccated thyroid reduced heart attacks by 94%, Broda Barnes, MD, PhD
    Hypothyroidism increases infections; desiccated thyroid can cure infections without antibiotics
    Hypothyroidism increases risk of cancer; desiccated thyroid lowers risk 50%, Broda Barnes, MD, PhD
    Hypothyroidism is the major cause of cardiovascular disease according to Broda Barnes, MD, PhD
    Woman loses 158 lbs on low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet

    Bromocriptine (Ergoset)

    Bromocriptine causes weight loss of 2.5% in 6 weeks without diet or exercise in postmenopausal women
    Bromocriptine for weight loss: An interview with Dr. Albert H. Meier
    Bromocriptine reduced body fat by 10.7% in diabetics on oral hypoglycemics without any weight loss
    Bromocriptine reduced body fat by 5.1% in diabetics on insulin without any weight loss
    Dopamine agonists caused weight loss of 4-11 lbs in heavy men with prolactinoma
    Ergoset (bromocriptine) causes weight loss of 13.9 lbs in four months vs 2 lbs

    Bulimia

    Bulimia: Half recover within 5-10 years

    Bupropion (See Wellbutrin)

    Contrave plus diet, exercise and behavior mod causes weight loss of 9.3% vs 5.1%
    Contrave plus diet, exercise causes weight loss of 11.5% vs 7.3% in those completing one year study

    Byetta (exenatide)

    Byetta (exenatide) can cause pancreatitis notes Alan Terlinsky, MD
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 10-20 lbs notes Alan Schulman, MD
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 3 pounds in six months with 5 mcg, 4.6 lbs with 10 mcg
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 3-6 pounds in diabetics
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 4.6 pounds after 0.5 years, 9.7 lbs after 1.5 years
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 6 pounds, nausea most common side effect
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 6.6 pounds after 0.5 years, 11.7 lbs after 1.5 years
    Byetta (exenatide) unacceptable for non-diabetic patients says Robert Skversky, MD
    Man loses 50 lbs, going from 330 lbs to 280 lbs, while on Byetta (exenatide)
    Type 2 diabetics given once-a-week Byetta injections lose 8.4 lbs in four months

    C-reactive protein

    Niacin lowers C-reactive protein (CPR) by an average of 24%
    Vitamin C (1000 mg per day) reduced C-reactive protein by 25%, as much as statins

    Caffeine

    90 mg of EGCG plus 50 mg of caffeine with each meal helped patients maintain a 15 lbs weight loss
    Caffine reduces food intake by 22% in men, but less than 4% in women
    Changes in caffeine intake affect body weight by a couple pounds at most
    Combination of green tea, caffeine, capsaicin and tyrosine increases fat loss by 2 lbs
    Girls who consumed 2 servings of alcohol per week gained 0.7 lbs more per year
    Girls who drank 5 cups of coffee per week gained 0.5 lbs less per year
    Nicotine plus caffeine raises metabolism nearly 10 percent
    People consuming 100-199 mg of caffeine per day 6% less likely to die over 23 years
    People consuming 200-399 mg of caffeine per day 10% less likely to die over 23 years
    Short-term lethal dose of caffeine is 5-10 grams per day
    Tea, caffeine and capsaicin increase daily energy expenditure roughly 4–5% or 70-100 calories
    Three servings per day of green tea beverage with caffeine and calcium increases metabolism by 4.6%
    Xenadrine-EFX did not affect metabolism

    Calcium

    Americans consuming more sweetened beverages, less milk and more calories than 20 years ago
    Black diabetic hypertensive men given 600 mg of calcium per day lost 10.8 lbs
    Calcium and magnesium: Low intake in extremely obese children
    Calcium at 1500 mg per day does not cause weight loss in overweight women
    Calcium supplements do not increase weight loss in dieting women according to 3-month st
    Calcium supplements increase the risk of heart attack by 24% according to data from 9 studies
    Calcium supplements increase the risk of stroke by 15-20% according to 9 studies
    Calcium will not prevent you from gaining weight if you eat too much according to Dr. Robert Heaney
    Calcium's effect on body fat: 500 mg per day vs 1000 mg, difference of 9.7 lbs of body fat
    Calcium: 1346 mg per day associated with 84% lower risk of extreme body fat in women, maybe men
    Calcium: Calcium citrate mallate might cause more weight loss than carbonate
    Calcium: High-calcium breakfast reduces intake by 321 calories per day
    Calcium: High-calcium, high-dairy diet causes a weight loss of 24.4 pounds in six months
    Calcium: Increase dietary calcium causes fat loss of 10.8 lbs of fat after one year
    Calcium: Low intake associated with greater body fat
    Calcium: Milk or milk-plus-one-food causes 11.7 to 17 lbs greater weight loss than diet alone
    Claims that dairy increases weight loss and fat loss are bogus
    Consumption of whole milk associated with lower body weight in children
    Diet containing 1500 mg of calcium caused average fat excretion of 5.8 grams (52 calories) per day
    Diet containing 500 mg of calcium caused average fat excretion of 3.8 grams (34 calories) per day
    Dietary calcium reduces fat absorption by 15-19%, but calcium carbonate supplements do not
    Eating a high-dairy diet does NOT cause weight loss if you are not restricting calories
    Eating a high-dairy diet increased weight loss by 2-3 lbs if you are restricting calories
    High calcium diet decreases fat absorption in rats
    High calcium, high dairy diet causes 70% more weight loss
    High calcium, high protein diet does not increase weight loss over high protein diet alone
    High dairy calcium does not increase weight loss while on a diet; 20 lbs vs 21 lbs
    High dairy diet causes 4.8 lbs fat loss and 2.4 lbs muscle gain in six months
    HIgher calcium intake associated with a difference of only 1.8 lbs
    Higher calcium intake from dairy not associated with less weight gain in men
    How does calcium help to lower body weight?
    Increasing calcium intake from 700 mg to 2300 mg per day increases fat excretion by 55 calories
    Increasing calcium intake from 742 mg per day to 1131 mg did not cause weight loss
    Men consuming 2000 mg of dietary calcium per day 25% less likely to die over 10 years vs 1000 mg
    Men who consume 1000 mg of calcium per day weigh roughly 17-22 lbs less than those consuming 600 mg
    Meteoric rise in cheese consumption may a major contributor to obesity says Dr. Neal Barnard
    Milk consumption: Children drank 4 times as much milk as other beverages in 1977, 1.5 times in 1996
    Milk may help prevent obesity in men and premenopausal women
    No evidence that calcium supplements reduce weight gain or body fat in children
    Normal calcium intake increases fat excretion by 24 calories per day compared to low calcium
    One added serving of dairy calcium, 300 mg per day, associated with 4% less body fat in children
    People who were unable to digest lactose lost 5.7 lbs less than others - 20.2 lbs vs 14.5 lbs
    Researcher who found no evidence of weight loss with dairy threatened with audit of her work
    The less dairy people consume, the more likely they are to have a large waist and insulin resistance
    Three or more servings of dairy reduce the risk of obesity by 27% in men, 31% in women
    Three servings per day of green tea beverage with caffeine and calcium increases metabolism by 4.6%
    Weight loss similar on low-calorie diet with high-calcium from dairy or non-dairy - 18.7 vs 15.8 lbs
    Women who consume 1000 mg of calcium per day weigh 15-19 lbs less than those consuming 600 mg
    Women who took calcium supplements were slightly less likely to gain weight

    Calcium Channel Blockers

    Women taking a diuretic + calcium channel blocker 136% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease

    Calorie content of food

    Protein provides 3.2 calories per gram, not 4 calories per gram
    Women on calcium channel blockers were 74% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease

    Calorie Density of Food

    'The Volumetrics Eating Plan' rated top diet by Consumer Reports
    Calorie density, not fat content, affects intake
    Calorie intake of preschool children reduced by 389 calories per day by reducing calorie density
    Children ate 18% more calories when given foods containing more calories
    Children ate 34% more calories when given larger portions of calorie-dense foods
    Eating a salad before a meal reduces calorie intake at the meal by 64 to 145 calories
    Eating an apple before a meal reduces calorie intake by 190 calories
    High fat diet does not increase calorie intake provided calorie density the same
    High-carbohydrate, low-calorie-dense diet causes weight loss of 8.8 pounds
    People consume 270 more calories when eating a meal with 38% fat vs 24% fat
    People eating the lowest calorie dense diets lose the most weight: 13 lbs vs 5 lbs
    People lose 16 lbs with two servings of low-calorie soup each day versus 11 lbs with two snacks
    Women ate 24% fewer calories when calorie density was 25% less

    Calorie Intake

    An extra 24 calories per day will cause men to gain of 3.9 lbs per year, women 4.6 lbs
    Calories intake in the US increased from 1993 calories in 1965 to 2185 calories in 2002
    Children and adolescents under-report calorie intake; under-reporting increases with age
    From 1965 to 2002, US adults consumed 108 calories from soda, 73 more calories from alcohol
    In 2002, 30% of US adults consumed one-fourth of calories from beverages vs 17% in 1965
    People consume 270 more calories when eating a meal with 38% fat vs 24% fat
    People eat 60 million calories in a lifetime
    U.S. men consumed 1% less protein in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. men consumed 4% less fat in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. men consumed 6% more carbohydrates in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. men consumed 7% more calories in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. men eating 200 calories more than in 1980, U.S. women 300 calories more
    U.S. women consumed 2% less protein in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. Women consumed 22% more calories in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. women consumed 4% less fat in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. women consumed 6% more carbohydrates in 1999-2000 than 1971-1974
    U.S. women consuming 335 calories more than in 1971, men 168 calories more
    U.S. women eating more carbs, more fat; men more carbs, less fat
    Weight gain can be prevented in 90% of adults with 100 calories per day
    Women consumed 10% more calories, men 26% more, when served 18 oz vs 12 oz drink

    Calorie intake, Underreporting

    Half of women underreport by 800 calories
    Lean women underreported calorie intake by 275 calories per day, obese women 312 calories per day
    Obese men underreport their calorie intake by an average of 37 percent
    People underestimate the calorie content of large meals by 23-38%
    Underreporting of calories became worse after a behavioral weight loss program

    Calorie Restriction

    3500 calories per pound to lose weight is not true for people with less than 55 lbs of fat
    Calorie intake and body weight affect longevity
    Controlling for poor health did NOT explain the excess deaths associated with sleeping pills
    High- and low-fat diets cause similar weight loss
    Low-cal, low-fat diet that contains sugar causes a weight loss of 5 percent
    Low-fat diet best for weight maintenance
    Men and women eating raw foods and avoiding processed foods weigh 35-37 lbs less
    Women lose an additional 7 lbs of body weight, 12 lbs of body fat on low carbohydrate diet
    Women lose twice as much weight with low-carb diet as low-fat: 18.7 lbs vs 8.6 lbs

    Cancer

    15% of cancer in U.S. men, and 20% of cancer in women attributable to obesity
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of colon cancer by 30% in men, 12% in women
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of rectal cancer by 12% in men, 3% in women
    70,000 cases of cancer in Europe in 2002, 124,000 cases in 2008 attributed to overweight and obesity
    896 hours or more of cell phone use associated with 2.6 to 2.9 times greater risk of brain tumors
    A 5 point increase in homocysteine increases risk of non-cancer, non-cardiovascular death by 104%
    A 5 point increase in homocysteine increases the risk of cancer mortality by 26%
    Adult weight gain of 21-30 lbs increases risk of postmenopausal breast cancer 40%
    An hour of leisure time physical activity per day reduces risk of colon and rectal cancer by 41-44%
    Annual mammography does NOT lower the total risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Being overweight or obese accounts for up to 8 percent of cancers in Europe
    BMI of 23-24.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 14% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 25-27.4 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 19% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 27.5-29.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 24% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 30 or more increases risk of colorectal cancer by 41% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    Bowel cancer risk 18% lower in people with BMI of 20 (low normal) compared to 25 (high normal)
    Breast cancer 12 times more common in women given a statin in the CARE trial
    Breast cancer 20% more common in women with type 2 diabetes
    Breast cancer screening does not save lives, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Breast Cancer, Postmenopausal: Obesity increases risk 50%
    Breast cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.4-fold in postmenopausal women
    Breast Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 16 percent
    Breast cancer: BMI greater than 40 increases risk of death 3-fold
    Breast cancer: Excess weight may account for 23% of U.S. cases in women
    Cancer among Japanese women: Overweight increases the risk 29%, obesity increases the risk 47%
    Cancer onset delayed 3 years in men drinking 10 cups of green tea per day (68 years vs 65 years)
    Cancer onset delayed 7 years in women drinking 10 cups of green tea per day (74 years vs 67 years)
    Cancer treatments are poor; 5-year survival rates manipulated, used to mislead, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Cancer: Avoiding weight gain reduces the risk of some cancers
    Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from all cancers by 9-19 percent
    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Cancer: Excess weight causes 1/7 of cancer deaths in men, 1/5 in women
    Cancer: Obesity causes an estimated 90,000 cancer deaths each year
    Cancers: 60 lbs increases risk 1.1-fold in women
    Cervical cancer: Obesity may increase risk 2-3 fold
    Childhood calorie intake increases risk of cancer as an adult
    Colon cancer in men: Being obese is associated with 60% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Colon cancer in men: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 26% greater risk
    Colon cancer in women: Being obese is associated with 25% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Colon cancer in women: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 12% greater risk
    Colon cancer screening (fecal occult blood screening) does NOT reduce death rate over 30 years
    Colorectal cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.6-fold in postmenopausal women
    Colorectal cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 10-23 percent
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 28% of U.S. cases in women
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 35% of U.S. cases in men
    Colorectal cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% in women, 100% in men
    Decreased potassium in cells may help explain why obesity increases risk of cancer
    Don't eat sugar says cancer researcher, Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Endometrial cancer: Excess weight may account for 57% of U.S. cases in women
    Endometrial cancer: Obesity increases risk 250%
    Esophagus cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 2.4-fold
    Evidence that statins increase the risk of cancer, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD and Kilmer McCully, MD
    Excess weight accounts for 14-20% of all cancer deaths in US
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Excess weight accounts for about 5% of all cancer in postmenopausal women
    Excess weight accounts for about half of all cancer in postmenopausal women
    Excess weight and inactivity account for 59% of heart disease deaths, 21% of cancer deaths in women
    Excess weight involved in 14% of cancer deaths in men, 20% in women
    Fat intake is not associated with prostate cancer
    Five out of every six women in the US (84%) feel like they are overweight
    For every 5 unit increase in BMI, the risk of colorectal cancer increases by 18%
    Gallbadder cancer: Obesity increases risk 100%
    Gallbladder cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women
    General health checks do NOT reduce the risk of dying from cancer
    Height and weight increases risk of lymphoma and leukemia
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of colorectal cancer 26 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of endometrial cancer 18 percent
    High glycemic index diet not associated with risk of pancreatic cancer
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    High-protein diet associated with 4.3-fold greater risk of cancer death over 18 yrs in those 50-65
    High-protein diet associated with 60% lower risk of cancer death over the next 18 yrs in those 66+
    Hypoglycemia increases risk of cancer death by 2.3-fold over 8 years in patients with CAD
    Hypothyroidism increases deaths from infections, heart attacks, cancer and emphysema, Mark Starr, MD
    Hypothyroidism increases risk of cancer; desiccated thyroid lowers risk 50%, Broda Barnes, MD, PhD
    In Asians, BMI of 23-24.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 21% vs a BMI of less than 23
    In premenopausal women, BMI of 23-24.9 increases colorectal cancer risk 54% vs a BMI of less than 23
    Innovative cancer doctor, Robert Nagourney, MD
    Insulin associated with cancer risk
    Intentional weight loss associated with 4-19 percent lower risk of cancer in older women
    Iodine protects against breast cancer, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Kidney cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold
    Kidney cancer: Excess weight may account for 43% of U.S. cases in women
    Kidney cancer: Obesity increases risk 150%
    Leanest people live the longest
    Leukemia: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold in women
    Liver cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% to 300%
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 29% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with double the risk of breast cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of cancer
    Men drinking 5 cups of green tea per day had a 48% lower risk of advanced prostate cancer
    Men who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day were 46% less likely to get cancer
    Men with a high intake of garlic had 19% less prostate cancer
    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 36% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 61% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Moderate-protein diet associated w/ 3.1-fold greater risk of cancer death over 18 yrs in those 50-65
    More breast cancer screening does NOT lead to fewer breast cancer deaths
    Multiple Myeloma: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold in women
    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: 60 lbs increases risk 1.2-fold in women
    Obese women have 100% greater lifetime risk of gallbladder cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 131% greater lifetime risk of uterine cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 133% greater lifetime risk of oesophageal cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 25% greater lifetime risk of breast cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 31% greater lifetime risk of pancreatic cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 32% greater lifetime risk of bowel cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 41% greater lifetime risk of cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 78% greater lifetime risk of kidney cancer than healthy weight women
    Obesity and elevated insulin levels appear to increase the risk of pancreatic cancer
    Obesity associated with increased death from colon cancer, liver cancer and lymphoma
    Obesity increases risk of death by 22%
    Obesity increases risk of dying from cancer by 6% in men, 10% in women
    Obesity increases the risk of endometrial cancer
    Obesity involved in 10% of colon cancers
    Obesity involved in 30% of endometrial cancers
    Obesity may account for 3.2 percent of all cancers in the U.S.
    Obesity responsible for up to 20% of cancer cases in US
    Obesity-related cancers increase 7% in women for every ten-year increase in adulthood overweight
    Oesophageal cancer: Excess weight may account for 52% of U.S. cases in women
    Oesophageal cancer: Obesity increases risk 200%
    One diet soda per day increases risk of leukemia 1.4-fold in men
    One diet soda per day increases risk of multiple myeloma 2-fold in men
    One diet soda per day increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphomas 1.3-fold in men
    One serving of blueberries per week associated with 31% lower risk of breast cancer
    One serving of processed red meat per day associated with 16% greater risk of death from cancer
    One serving of unprocessed red meat per day associated with 10% greater risk of death from cancer
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    Only 40% of women in the US are satisfied with their physical appearance
    Other cancers: Obesity may increase risk 1.2 to 2-fold
    Ovarian cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.1-fold in women
    Ovarian cancer: Being obese may increase the risk 1.5 to 2-fold
    Overweight in women increases risk of death by 40 percent
    Pancreatic cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.2-fold in women
    Pancreatic cancer: Excess weight may account for 27% of U.S. cases in women
    Pancreatic cancer: Obesity increases risk 70%
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 25% less breast cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 38% less kidney cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 56% less cancer of the large bowel
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 71% less prostate cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 73% less ovarian cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 83% less cancer of the larynx
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 84% less oral cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 88% less esophageal cancer
    People taking more than 132 sleeping pills per year were 35% more likely to get cancer in 2.5 years
    People taking more than 18 to 132 sleeping pills per were 20% more likely to get cancer in 2.5 years
    People with a high intake of garlic had 26% less cancer of the large bowel
    People with a high intake of garlic had 31% less kidney cancer
    People with a high intake of garlic had 39% less oral cancer
    People with a high intake of garlic had 44% less cancer of the larynx
    People with a high intake of garlic had 57% less esophageal cancer
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 29% increased risk of bladder cancer
    Prostate Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 37 percent
    Prostate Cancer: Obesity increases risk 9-27% (corrected)
    Rectal cancer in men: Being obese is associated with 30% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Rectal cancer in men: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 17% greater risk
    Rectal cancer in women: Being obese is associated with 14% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Rectal cancer in women: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 4% greater risk
    Refined cereals increase the risk of various cancers 30-100%
    Regular soda consumption increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphomas 1.7-fold in men
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day w/ low-fat dairy lowers risk of death by 10% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day w/ whole grains lowers risk of death by 14% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with fish lowers risk of death by 7% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with legumes lowers risk of death by 10% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with nuts lowers risk of death by 19% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with poultry lowers risk of death by 14% over 22 years
    Rhodiola Rosea May Be Useful In Cancer Treatments
    Risk of death lowest in Korea women who are slightly overweight with BMI of 25 to 26.9
    Risk of liver cancer 17% greater in those who are overweight, 89% greater in those who are obese
    Risk of multiple myeloma 12-27% greater for overweight, 27-82% greater in those who are obese
    Sleeping pills estimated to cause 320,000 to 507,000 excess deaths per year in US alone
    Sleeping pills increase risk of depression, suicide, infections, hypertension, CVD, heart failure
    Statins increase the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers 1.6-fold
    Stomach cancer (gastric cardia): Obesity increases risk 50% to 100%
    Stomach cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women
    Sugar can make some cancers grow including breast cancer and colon cancer says Lewis Cantley, PhD
    The increase in trans fats paralleled the increase in cancer and heart disease notes Mary Enig, PhD
    There is only one (1) medical screening test that has been shown to reduce overall death
    Twice as many women concerned about their diet and weight than cancer : 56% vs 23%
    Two cups of coffee associated with 43% lower risk of liver cancer
    Two servings of peaches per week associated with 41% lower risk of breast cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 11: Colon cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 12: Breast Cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 13: Endometrial cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 14: Gallbladder cancer
    Vegetarians have a 22% lower risk of colorectal cancer than non-vegetarians
    Vegetarians who eat seafood and fish have a 43% lower risk of colorectal cancer than non-vegetarians
    Waist measurement better predictor of colon cancer than BMI
    Weight loss surgery lowers the risk of dying from cancer by 60% over next seven years
    Weight loss surgery reduced the risk of cancer by 76%
    What is the cost of cancer related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the prevalence of cancer in people who are overweight?
    Women who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day were 43% less likely to get cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 10% less breast cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 22% less ovarian cancer
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 10% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 50% more likely to die from other causes over 5 years
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2X more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with the highest magnesium intake had a 34% lower risk of colon cancer
    Women with the highest magnesium intake had a 55% lower risk of rectal cancer

    Cancer screening (Does it do any good?)

    Annual mammography does NOT lower the total risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Breast cancer screening does not save lives, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Canadian Tast Force recommends against colonoscopy as screening test for colorectal cancer
    Colon cancer screening (fecal occult blood screening) does NOT reduce death rate over 30 years
    Mammography leads to lots of false positives, unnecessary biopsies and saves few, if any, lives
    More breast cancer screening does NOT lead to fewer breast cancer deaths
    There is only one (1) medical screening test that has been shown to reduce overall death

    Cancer treatments

    Cancer treatments are poor; 5-year survival rates manipulated, used to mislead, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Innovative cancer doctor, Robert Nagourney, MD

    Cancer, Bladder

    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 29% increased risk of bladder cancer

    Cancer, Bowel

    Obese women have 32% greater lifetime risk of bowel cancer than healthy weight women
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 56% less cancer of the large bowel
    People with a high intake of garlic had 26% less cancer of the large bowel

    Cancer, Brain

    896 hours or more of cell phone use associated with 2.6 to 2.9 times greater risk of brain tumors

    Cancer, Breast

    'It no longer seems beneficial to attend for breast cancer screening', The Cochrane Collaboration
    Adult weight gain of 21-30 lbs increases risk of postmenopausal breast cancer 40%
    Annual mammography does NOT lower the total risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Being overweight at 18 lowers the risk of breast cancer both pre- and post-menopausal in Black women
    Breast cancer 12 times more common in women given a statin in the CARE trial
    Breast cancer 20% more common in women with type 2 diabetes
    Breast cancer risk 26% lower in overweight postmenopausal women eating low glycemic index diet
    Breast cancer risk 7% lower in women with BMI of 20 (low normal) compared to 25 (high normal)
    Breast cancer screening does not save lives, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Breast Cancer, Postmenopausal: Obesity increases risk 50%
    Breast cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.4-fold in postmenopausal women
    Breast cancer: Adult weight loss reduces the risk of breast cancer after the age of 55 by 50-60%
    Breast Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 16 percent
    Breast cancer: BMI greater than 40 increases risk of death 3-fold
    Breast cancer: Excess weight may account for 23% of U.S. cases in women
    Breast Cancer: Gaining more than 33 lbs during pregnancy increases the risk 61%
    Breast cancer: No effect from fat intake
    Breast cancer: Weight protective until age 35
    Calorie restriction reduces the risk of breast cancer
    Cancer: Avoiding weight gain reduces the risk of some cancers
    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Don't eat sugar says cancer researcher, Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Flaxseed consumption reduces risk of breast cancer by 18%, flax bread by 23%
    Flaxseed consumption reduces risk of breast cancer by 18%, flax bread by 23%
    High consumption of peanuts, walnuts, or almonds reduced the risk for breast cancer 2-3 times
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of breast cancer 8 percent
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Increasing BMI increases the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women
    Iodine protects against breast cancer, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Long-term statin use is associated with double the risk of breast cancer
    Mammograms do not reduce breast cancer deaths
    Mammography leads to lots of false positives, unnecessary biopsies and saves few, if any, lives
    More breast cancer screening does NOT lead to fewer breast cancer deaths
    Obese women have 25% greater lifetime risk of breast cancer than healthy weight women
    Obesity decreases the risk of breast cancer before menopause
    Obesity-related cancers increase 7% in women for every ten-year increase in adulthood overweight
    One serving of blueberries per week associated with 31% lower risk of breast cancer
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 25% less breast cancer
    SSRI's may increase risk of breast cancer, notes Joan Mathews Larson PhD
    Sugar can make some cancers grow including breast cancer and colon cancer says Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Two servings of peaches per week associated with 41% lower risk of breast cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 12: Breast Cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 10% less breast cancer

    Cancer, Cervical

    Cervical cancer: Obesity may increase risk 2-3 fold
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%

    Cancer, Colorectal

    10 lbs weight gain every 10 years since age 21 increases risk of colon cancer 33% in men
    30% of all cases of colon cancer in men attributable to BMI above 22.5
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of colon cancer by 30% in men, 12% in women
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of rectal cancer by 12% in men, 3% in women
    An hour of leisure time physical activity per day reduces risk of colon and rectal cancer by 41-44%
    Belly fat increases the risk of colon cancer in women
    BMI does not affect risk of colon polyps, but exercise dramatically reduces the risk in men
    BMI of 23-24.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 14% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 25-27.4 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 19% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 27.5-29.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 24% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    BMI of 30 or more increases risk of colorectal cancer by 41% vs those with a BMI of less than 23
    Bowel cancer risk 18% lower in people with BMI of 20 (low normal) compared to 25 (high normal)
    Canadian Tast Force recommends against colonoscopy as screening test for colorectal cancer
    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Colon cancer 3.4 times more common among overweight Japanese women
    Colon cancer in men: Being obese is associated with 60% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Colon cancer in men: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 26% greater risk
    Colon cancer in women: Being obese is associated with 25% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Colon cancer in women: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 12% greater risk
    Colon cancer screening (fecal occult blood screening) does NOT reduce death rate over 30 years
    Colorectal cancer 1.8 times more likely in obese men, 2.3 times more likely in tall women
    Colorectal cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.6-fold in postmenopausal women
    Colorectal cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 10-23 percent
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 28% of U.S. cases in women
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 35% of U.S. cases in men
    Colorectal cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% in women, 100% in men
    Colorectal Cancer: Overweight increases woman's risk 67-72 percent
    Don't eat sugar says cancer researcher, Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Exercise and being thin reduce the risk of colon cancer in women
    For every 5 unit increase in BMI, the risk of colorectal cancer increases by 18%
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of colorectal cancer 26 percent
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    In Asians, BMI of 23-24.9 increases risk of colorectal cancer by 21% vs a BMI of less than 23
    In premenopausal women, BMI of 23-24.9 increases colorectal cancer risk 54% vs a BMI of less than 23
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Obesity involved in 10% of colon cancers
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Rectal cancer in men: Being obese is associated with 30% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Rectal cancer in men: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 17% greater risk
    Rectal cancer in women: Being obese is associated with 14% greater risk vs BMI less than 23
    Rectal cancer in women: Each 5 unit increase in BMI (35 lbs) associated with 4% greater risk
    Sugar can make some cancers grow including breast cancer and colon cancer says Lewis Cantley, PhD
    There is only one (1) medical screening test that has been shown to reduce overall death
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 11: Colon cancer
    Vegetarians have a 22% lower risk of colorectal cancer than non-vegetarians
    Vegetarians who eat seafood and fish have a 43% lower risk of colorectal cancer than non-vegetarians
    Waist measurement better predictor of colon cancer than BMI
    Women with the highest magnesium intake had a 34% lower risk of colon cancer
    Women with the highest magnesium intake had a 55% lower risk of rectal cancer

    Cancer, Endometrial

    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Endometrial cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 2.9-fold
    Endometrial cancer: Excess weight may account for 57% of U.S. cases in women
    Endometrial cancer: Obesity increases risk 250%
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of endometrial cancer 18 percent
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Obese women have 131% greater lifetime risk of uterine cancer than healthy weight women
    Obesity increases the risk of endometrial cancer
    Obesity involved in 30% of endometrial cancers
    Obesity-related cancers increase 7% in women for every ten-year increase in adulthood overweight
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 13: Endometrial cancer

    Cancer, Gallbadder

    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Gallbadder cancer: Obesity increases risk 100%
    Gallbladder cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women
    Obese women have 100% greater lifetime risk of gallbladder cancer than healthy weight women
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 14: Gallbladder cancer

    Cancer, Kidney

    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Kidney cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold
    Kidney cancer: Excess weight may account for 43% of U.S. cases in women
    Obese women have 78% greater lifetime risk of kidney cancer than healthy weight women
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    People with a high intake of garlic had 31% less kidney cancer

    Cancer, Leukemia

    Leukemia: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold in women
    One diet soda per day increases risk of leukemia 1.4-fold in men

    Cancer, Liver

    2-3 cups of coffee per day associated with 38% reduced risk of liver cancer
    4 or more cups of coffee per day associated with 41% reduced risk of liver cancer
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Liver cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% to 300%
    Obesity associated with increased death from colon cancer, liver cancer and lymphoma
    Risk of liver cancer 17% greater in those who are overweight, 89% greater in those who are obese
    Two cups of coffee associated with 43% lower risk of liver cancer

    Cancer, Lung

    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Prolonged use of statins associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer

    Cancer, Multiple Myeloma

    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    Multiple Myeloma: 60 lbs increases risk 1.5-fold in women
    One diet soda per day increases risk of multiple myeloma 2-fold in men
    Risk of multiple myeloma 12-27% greater for overweight, 27-82% greater in those who are obese

    Cancer, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: 60 lbs increases risk 1.2-fold in women
    One diet soda per day increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphomas 1.3-fold in men
    Regular soda consumption increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphomas 1.7-fold in men
    Two servings of peaches per week associated with 41% lower risk of breast cancer

    Cancer, Oesophageal

    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Esophagus cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 2.4-fold
    Obese women have 133% greater lifetime risk of oesophageal cancer than healthy weight women
    Oesophageal cancer: Excess weight may account for 52% of U.S. cases in women
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%

    Cancer, Oesophageal (adenocarcinoma)

    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers

    Cancer, others

    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Obesity associated with increased death from colon cancer, liver cancer and lymphoma
    Other cancers: Obesity may increase risk 1.2 to 2-fold

    Cancer, Ovarian

    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    Ovarian cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.1-fold in women
    Ovarian cancer: Being obese may increase the risk 1.5 to 2-fold
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 38% less kidney cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 71% less prostate cancer
    People consuming 7 or more servings of onions per week had 73% less ovarian cancer
    Severe obesity appears to increase risk of ovarian cancer
    Severe obesity appears to increase risk of ovarian cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 22% less ovarian cancer

    Cancer, Pancreatic

    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    High glycemic index diet not associated with risk of pancreatic cancer
    High sugar intake increases risk of pancreatic cancer by 51-93%
    Obese women have 31% greater lifetime risk of pancreatic cancer than healthy weight women
    Obesity and elevated insulin levels appear to increase the risk of pancreatic cancer
    Obesity associated with increased death from colon cancer, liver cancer and lymphoma
    Pancreatic cancer: 60 lbs increases risk 1.2-fold in women
    Pancreatic cancer: Excess weight may account for 27% of U.S. cases in women
    Pancreatic cancer: Obesity increases risk 70%
    Sugar-sweetened soft drinks may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer in women

    Cancer, Prostate

    6 cups of coffee per day associated with 60% lower risk of fatal prostate cancer
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Excess weight accounts for 3-6% of all cancers in Europe
    Fat intake is not associated with prostate cancer
    Men drinking 5 cups of green tea per day had a 48% lower risk of advanced prostate cancer
    Men with a high intake of garlic had 19% less prostate cancer
    Obesity before the age of 30 reduces a man's risk of prostate cancer by as much as 60%
    Obesity weakly increases the risk of prostate cancer
    Older men given testosterone showed no evidence of increase risk of prostate cancer
    Onions reduce cancer risk by 25-88%
    Prostate Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 37 percent
    Prostate cancer: Obesity increases risk
    Prostate Cancer: Obesity increases risk 9-27% (corrected)
    Prostate Cancer: Obesity lowers the risk
    SSRI's may increase risk of breast cancer, notes Joan Mathews Larson PhD

    Cancer, Stomach (gastric cardia)

    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Obesity associated with increased death from colon cancer, liver cancer and lymphoma
    Stomach cancer (gastric cardia): Obesity increases risk 50% to 100%
    Stomach cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women

    Cannabis (marijuana)

    Daily marijuana users weigh roughly 6 lbs than non-users
    Pot smokers fasting insulin levels 26% lower than non-pot-smokers
    Pot smokers weigh 11-14 lbs less

    Caralluma fimbriata

    Caralluma fimbriata extract causes 2.2 lbs of weight loss in two months
    What is Apatrim (Caralluma Fimbriata extract) and is it effective?

    Carbohydrates

    Carbohydrates are NOT easily converted into body fat
    Men and women consuming them most fats vs the most carbs were 16% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most fats vs the most carbs were 16% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Overweight people do not convert more carbohydrates to fat than lean people
    Protein intake associated with smaller waist; refined grains and potatoes larger waist
    Protein provides 3.2 calories per gram, not 4 calories per gram
    Reduced-fat dairy products, fruit, and fiber associated with lower bodyweight
    The truth about carbohydrates: An interview with researcher Jean-Pierre Flatt, Ph.D.
    U.S. women eating more carbs, more fat; men more carbs, less fat

    Carnitine, L- (L-carnitine)

    Carnitine, 3 grams per day, lowers total risk of death following a heart attack by 52%
    L-carnitine reduces all-cause mortality after a heart attack by 27%
    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, minimum effective dose 2,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, optimum dose 6,000 to 9,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces development of angina after a heart attack by 40%
    L-carnitine reduces heart failure after a heart attack by 15%
    L-carnitine reduces ventricular arrhythmias after a heart attack by 65%

    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Obesity doubles the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome

    Celexa (citalorpam)

    Celexa (citalorpam) can cause significant weight gain
    Celexa (citalorpam) causes woman to gain 100 lbs in less than a year
    People taking citalopram for depression were 2.6-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years

    Cell Phones

    896 hours or more of cell phone use associated with 2.6 to 2.9 times greater risk of brain tumors

    Cereal

    Cereal for breakfast and lunch or dinner causes a weight loss of 3-4 lbs in six weeks
    Eating 7 servings of whole-grain cereal per week reduces risk of diabetes by 37%
    Ready-to-eat cereal after dinner causes weight loss of 4.1 lbs in one month
    Reduced-fat dairy products, fruit, and fiber associated with lower bodyweight
    Refined cereals increase the risk of various cancers 30-100%
    Whole-grains, but not refined grains, lower the risk of death

    Chelation Therapy, EDTA

    EDTA chelation reduced risk of death by 43% over 1-5 years in diabetics with a prior heart attack
    EDTA chelation reduced risk of death, heart attack 18% over 5 years in those with prior heart attack
    EDTA chelation retards or reverses atherosclerosis notes Joel Kaufmann, PhD

    Chemtrails

    Chemtrails: What are they spaying the skies with? Aluminum, which is bad news for our health
    Sweating seems to be the major way that we get rid of aluminum from our bodies

    Chewing

    Young men chewing 40 times per bite consumed 11.9% fewer calories than chewing 15 times

    Childhood Illnesses

    Giving thyroid hormones to hypothyroid children improves health notes Mark Starr, MD
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause childhood illnesses notes Mark Starr, MD

    Childhood neglect and abuse

    Childhood sexual abuse increases risk of obesity in women
    Girls with behavioral problems in kindergarten 49-81% more likely to be overweight
    History of physical abuse associated with being overweight or obese
    Neglected children 7 times more likely to become obese
    Women who were sexually abused as children lose less weight

    Childhood Obesity

    11.5% of White U.S. high school students are obese, 18.2% of Blacks, and 14.1% of Hispanics
    15 percent of children overweight
    15% of White U.S. high school boys are obese, 17.7% of Black boys, and 19.2% of Hispanic boys
    16% of U.S. High School boys and 10% of girls are overweight
    16.7% of U.S. boys and 15.4% of U.S. girls are now overweight
    16.9% of U.S. children 2-19 years were obese as of 2010 translating to 12 million children
    17% of U.S. Hispanic High School students are overweight vs 16% of Blacks and 12% of Whites
    17.1% of U.S. children and adolescents overweight, up from 13.9% in 1999-2000
    2 hours or more of TV per day increases risk of obesity in boys and girls by 19%
    25 percent of adult obesity starts in childhood
    31.6% of children 10-17 in U.S. were overweight or obese as of 2007 vs 30.6% in 2003
    35% of US boys and girls overweight or obese; in China only 4.5% of girls and 5.9% of boys
    4.5-year-old children who consume sugar-sweetened beverages are twice as likely to be overweight
    5-year-old children 1.8 times more likely to be overweight if their mother skipped breakfast
    5-year-old children 2.2 times more likely to be overweight if their mother smoked during pregnancy
    5-year-old children 29% less likely to be overweight if mother slept at least 8 hours per night
    7.7% of White U.S. high school girls are obese, 18.6% of Black girls, and 8.6% of Hispanic girls
    9.8% of U.S. female high school students are obese, 15.4% are overweight
    Adolescent overweight has increased from 8% to 21% in northern Europe, 17% to 23% in southern Europe
    Adolescents who consumed more than one serving of whole grains per day weigh 10 lbs less
    Adolescents who were breastfed more than 4 months were 50% less likely to be overweight
    Adolescents: Prevalence of dieting
    Americans increased money spent on food away from home from one-third to nearly one-half
    Animal protein fed to children associated with higher levels of body fat
    Asthma twice as common among obese children
    Behavioral therapy causes weight loss in adolescents: -4.2 lbs vs +8.4 lbs
    Between 1999-2000 and 2009-2010, the prevalence of obesity increased among boys, but not among girls
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Black children in the U.S. 13-46 percent more likely to be overweight
    Black college students consume 2X as many calories from sugary drinks as whites: 796 vs 396 calories
    Black women in the U.S. twice as likely to be obese, Black men no more likely
    Body weight for children 6- to 7-years-old predicted by TV watching and exercise, not diet
    Boys 6-7-years-old who got 8-9 hours of sleep were 3.5 times more likely to be overweight
    Boys 6-7-years-old who got 9-10 hours of sleep were 2.3 times more likely to be overweight
    Boys 6-7-years-old who got less than 8 hours of sleep were 5.5 times more likely to be overweight
    Boys who did not walk 13,000 steps per day, girls 11,000, were twice as likely to be overweight
    Boys whose parents were overweight were 5.7 times more likely to be overweight at the age of 16
    Boys with TV's in their bedroom are heavier
    Breast-feeding reduces the risk of childhood obesity by 22%
    By 2010, 46% of children in North and South America projected to be overweight, 15% obese
    Calcium and magnesium: Low intake in extremely obese children
    Calorie intake increased in adolescent boys by 243 calories per day, in girls by 123 calories
    Child's risk of being overweight at 7 years increases 3% for every 2 lbs a pregnant mother gains
    Childhood calorie intake increases risk of cancer as an adult
    Childhood obesity among those 10-17 in U.S. increased from 14.8% in 2003 to 16.4% in 2007
    Childhood obesity from 1971 to 2000 has increased from 4% to 15%
    Childhood obesity has increased 30-66 percent in Australia
    Childhood obesity in Australia: 7.6% of boys and 23.9% of girls are obese
    Childhood obesity in Spain: 6% are obese, 31% are overweight
    Childhood obesity in the U.S. has approximately tripled in the last 30 years
    Childhood obesity increases adult mortality
    Childhood obesity increases the risk of disease and death as an adult
    Childhood obesity probably worse than previously thought
    Childhood obesity rates in US states
    Childhood obesity rates in US states; states with the highest and lowest rates
    Childhood Obesity: 10% of 2-year-olds obese, 15% of 6- to 19-year olds
    Childhood obesity: 30% of boys and 40% of girls at risk for type 2 diabetes
    Childhood obesity: 32% of Portuguese children 7-9 are overweight or obese
    Childhood obesity: 60% have one risk factor for cardiovascular disease, 25% have two or more
    Childhood obesity: Counseling parents helps childfen lose more weight than counseling the children
    Childhood obesity: Five risk factors identified
    Childhood obesity: Health care costs for children have tripled in the last 20 years
    Childhood obesity: Recommendations for preventions
    Childhood obesity: Risk factors
    Childhood obesity: Since 1970, rates have increased 2-3 fold
    Childhood obesity: The causes
    Childhood overweight 4.5% to 7% in the Latin America
    Childhood overweight 7% in the Middle East
    Childhood overweight 8% in North Africa
    Childhood overweight among those 10-17 in U.S. remained stable from 2003 to 2007
    Childhood overweight and obesity defined by BMI
    Childhood overweight has increased from 5 percent in 1971 to 14 percent in 2000
    Childhood overweight in U.S.: 31% of Mexican-Americans, 20% of Blacks, 15% of Whites, 11% of Asians
    Childhood overweight more prevelant in Egypt, Algeria, Peru, South Africa, and Jamaica than in USA
    Childhood overweight twice as common in Mediterranean countries as in northern Europe
    Children 15 percent less likely to be overweight if their family eats together most days
    Children 27% more likely to be overweight if their mother gained 35 lbs or more during pregnancy
    Children and adolescents get 7-13% of total calories from sodas and fruit juice
    Children and adolescents under-report calorie intake; under-reporting increases with age
    Children ate 15% more calories when given larger portions
    Children ate 18% more calories when given foods containing more calories
    Children ate 34% more calories when given larger portions of calorie-dense foods
    Children consume 13% more calories when given larger portions
    Children eat 32% of calories away from home, up from 20% in 1970
    Children eat more when given larger portions, less when they serve themselves
    Children engaging in daily, vigorous physical activity, 17.6% in Utah to 38.5% in North Carolina
    Children getting fatter
    Children getting the least sleep are 92% more likely to be overweight or obese
    Children given group therapy lost more weight than when counseled individually: 6.8% vs 1.8%
    Children in the 85th to 95th percentile defined to be 'at risk for overweight'
    Children in the 95th percentile or above defined to be 'overweight'
    Children in the 99th percentile or above defined to be 'obese'
    Children lose more weight when paired with the opposite sex parent
    Children lose more weight when parents are treated
    Children of obese mothers are 4.1 times more likely to become overweight
    Children of overweight parents 13-15 times more likely to become obese
    Children of overweight parents 7.4 times more likely to be overweight by the age of 5-years-old
    Children of overweight parents twice as likely to be overweight adults
    Children should be encouraged to eat breakfast
    Children under 10 are twice as likely to be obese adults if parents are obese
    Children who consume at least one 9 ounce soda per day consume 10% more calories
    Children who consume ready-to-eat cereals weigh less
    Children who consume the least dairy gain roughly an extra 8-12 pounds by early adolescence
    Children who drink sodas consume 188 more calories per day
    Children who drink soft drinks consume 188 calories per day more than those who do not
    Children who eat 5 times per day weigh less than those who eat less often
    Children who engage in 15 minutes of vigorous exercise are 81% less likely to be overweight
    Children who engage in 45 minutes of moderate exercise are 51% less likely to be overweight
    Children who get 2 hours less sleep than the recommended amount are 92% more likely to be overweight
    Children who get an hour less sleep than the recommended amount are 58% more likely to be overweight
    Children who go to public schools and take part in lunch or breakfast programs are 3 lbs heavier
    Children who sleep less than 10 hours per day are 2.5 times more likely to be overweight
    Children who spend more time outdoors 27-41% less likely to overweight
    Children who take part in School Lunch Program and Breakfast Program 4.5% more like overweight
    Children who watch more than 2 hours of television per day are 32% more likely to obese
    Children whose mothers gained 35 lbs during pregnancy were 27% more likely to be overweight
    Children whose mothers smoked while pregnant have 1.5 to 2 times greater risk of obesity
    Children with a television in their room are one-third more likely to be overweight
    Children with TV in their bedroom one-third more likely to be overweight
    Children's waist should be less than half their height
    Depression more prevelant among obese adolescents
    Dieting among Middle School Girls does not lead to weight gain
    Doctors fail to diagnose three-fourths of overweight children as overweight
    Drinking cold water increases calories burned; equal to 2.6 lbs per day for children
    Drinking two servings of milk per day reduced the risk of obesity in girls by 19%
    Each additional hour of sleep reduces the risk of childhood obesity by 9%
    Each additional serving of sugar-sweetened drink increases risk of obesity in 12-year-olds by 60%
    Each additional serving of sugary drink per day increased the risk of obesity in 12-year-olds by 60%
    Each additional sugary beverage increase risk of obesity by 60%
    Each extra hour of sleep reduces risk of childhood obesity by 9%
    Eating fast food at least once a week increases preschool childens' risk of overweight 55 percent
    Educated parents less likely to have overweight sons
    Electronic games associated with childhood obesity
    Enrollment in high school daily physical education classes dropped from 42% in 1991 to 28.4% in 2003
    Epidemic of obese 6-month-olds because of what their mothers ate when they were pregnant, Dr. Lustig
    Even modest excess weight increases cardiovascular risk factors in children
    Every extra hour of TV watching is associated with an extra 2.2 lbs of fat in Preschool children
    Every one hour of TV-watching per day increases a child's risk of overweight 60 percent
    Exercise among boys: Three hours of exercise per week reduces bodyfat by one-third
    Fast food accounts for 10% of food ingestion by US schoolchildren vs 2% thirty years ago
    Fast food and sodas may help explain the increase in childhood obesity
    Fast food causes weight gain in girls
    Fat intake decreased by 100 calories per day, carbohydrate intake increased by 150-200 calories
    Fatty foods associated with weight gain in preschool children
    Five risk factors for childhood obesity
    Four out of five children become obese before the age of six
    Four-out-of-five parents unaware their obese child was obese
    Getting children to exercise 25 minutes per day lowers body weight by an average of 5.9 lbs
    Girls 6-7-years-old who got 8-9 hours of sleep were 1.9 times more likely to be overweight
    Girls 6-7-years-old who got 9-10 hours of sleep were 1.5 times more likely to be overweight
    Girls 6-7-years-old who got less than 8 hours of sleep were 2.9 times more likely to be overweight
    Girls whose parents were overweight were 14.8 times more likely to be overweight at the age of 16
    Girls with behavioral problems in kindergarten 49-81% more likely to be overweight
    Global Prevalence of Obesity in Boys
    Global Prevalence of Obesity in Girls
    Half of overweight pediatricians do not consider themselves overweight
    High protein intake during infancy may contribute to childhood obesity
    High-protein diets do not reduce appetite in children
    How important is television watching for childhood obesity?
    How lack of sleep may increase the risk of obesity
    In 1999-2000, 13.8% of US girls, 2-19 years old, were obese, by 2009-2010, 15% were obese
    In 1999-2000, 14% of US boys, 2-19 years old, were obese, by 2009-2010, 18.6% were obese
    In 2009–2010, 15.7% of US girls, 6- to 11-years-old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, 14.4% of US boys, 2- to 5-years-old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, 15% of US girls were obese
    In 2009-2010, 16.9% of U.S. children were obese according to US Centers for Disease Control
    In 2009-2010, 17.1% of US girls, 12-19 years old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, 18.6% of US boys were obese
    In 2009-2010, 19.6% of US boys, 12-19 years old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, 20.1% of US boys, 6- to 11-years-old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, 7 million US boys and 5.5 million US girls aged 2-19 were obese
    In 2009-2010, 9.6% of US girls, 2- to 5-years-old, were obese
    In 2009-2010, over 78 million US adults and 12.5 million US children and adolescents were obese
    Infants of obese mothers eat 29% more than baby's of normal weight mothers
    Intake of chips, crackers, popcorn and pretzels by boys and girls has tripled since the mid-1970's
    Intake of soft drinks by boys and girls has doubled since the mid-1970's
    Less than 15% of children walk to school
    Low glycemic index breakfast reduces calorie intake of preadolescent children
    Low-carb diet causes adolescents to lose 21.8 lbs vs 10.8 lbs on low-fat diet
    Mexican-American children 56-73 percent more likely to be overweight
    Mexican-American children who eat at fast food the most are twice as likely to be overweight
    Mexican-American women 31% more likely to be obese, Mexican-American men 2% more likely
    Milk consumption dropped 39% in the U.S. children from 1977 to 2001
    Milk consumption: Children drank 4 times as much milk as other beverages in 1977, 1.5 times in 1996
    More than 9 million US children and adolescents -- 17% --are now overweight
    More than one-third of children ages 10–17 are obese (16.4%) or overweight (18.2%)
    Mother's obesity affects a child's fat intake
    Nationwide, less than one-third of all US children ages 6–17 engage in vigorous activity
    Nine of the 10 US states with the highest rates of obese children are in the South
    Nine out of 10 children do not consume enough fruit or dairy
    Nine US states, plus D.C., have childhood obesity rates greater than 20%
    Number of obese US children and adolescents may have leveled off since 1999
    Obese 10-14 year-olds 79% more likely to become obese adults
    Obese boys 4.7 times more likely to become obese young adults, obese girls 9.2 times
    Obese boys more likely to be either bully or victim, obese girls more likely to be a victim
    Obese children eat fewer of their calories at breakfast (17% vs 21%, boys; 15% vs 18%, girls)
    Obese children more likely to have elevated liver enzymes
    Obese Teen Boys Have Up to 50 Percent Less Testosterone than Lean Boys
    Obesity among 10-year-olds boys in Sweden 3.8% in 2003 vs 3.2% in 1999
    Obesity among 10-year-olds boys in Sweden 6% in high socioeconomic areas vs 2% in low areas
    Obesity among 10-year-olds girls in Sweden 2.1% in high socioeconomic areas vs 4.1% in low areas
    Obesity among 10-year-olds girls in Sweden 2.8% in 2003 vs 4.4% in 1999
    Obesity among boys and girls in Hong Kong 11-18 years-old : 4-6% in boys, 2-4% in girls
    Obesity among teenagers related to depression and shame
    Obesity among third graders in Italy varied from 7.5% in the north to 16.6% in the south
    Obesity among U.S. boys 2-19 years old increased from 14% in 2000 to 18.6% in 2010
    Obesity among U.S. children: 31% overweight, and 16% obese
    Obesity in 2-4 year-old children in England increased from 5% to 9% in 10 years
    Obesity in 6-15 year-olds in England increased from 5% to 16% in 11 years
    Obesity in children 5-18 years-old defined as 25% fat in boys and 30% fat in girls
    Obesity in men in England increased from 6% to 22% in 22 years
    Obesity in women in England increased from 8% to 23% in 22 years
    Obesity increases the risk of hypertension in adolescents
    Obesity is twice as common in constipated children
    Obesity rates twice as high in 11-14 year-olds when percent body fat used
    One in five children overweight in most countries; one in three overweight in the US and Greece
    One-fourth of children (26%) watch 4 hours of TV per day, two-thirds (67%) watch at least 2 hours
    One-fourth of U.S. children do not exercise
    One-sixth (16.5%) of Palestinian adolescents overweight, but one-third dissatisfied with weight
    One-sixth of US children and adolescents overweight or obese
    Only 25% of US children engage in regular exercise, 15% do not exercise
    Overweight adolescents ate 400 calories more of a fast food meal than lean adolescents
    Overweight adolescents ate 400 calories more on days they ate fast food, but lean did not
    Overweight among 10-year-olds boys in Sweden 17% in high socioeconomic areas vs 29% in low areas
    Overweight among 10-year-olds boys in Sweden 20.5% in 2003 vs 21.6% in 1999
    Overweight among 10-year-olds girls in Sweden 15% in high socioeconomic areas vs 28% in low areas
    Overweight among 10-year-olds girls in Sweden 19.2% in 2003 vs 22.1% in 1999
    Overweight among 2-5 year-olds in the U.S. 10% in 1999-2000, 13.9% in 2003-2004
    Overweight among 6-19 year-olds in the U.S. 15% in 1999-2000, 17-19% in 2003-2004
    Overweight among adolescents 12- to 19-years-old highest for Mexican-American boys
    Overweight among children 2- to 5-years-old lowest in Black boys
    Overweight among children 6- to 11-years-old highest among Mexican-American boys
    Overweight and obesity in boys in developed countries increased from 16.9% in 1980 to 23.8% in 2013
    Overweight and obesity in boys in developing countries increased from 8.1% in 1980 to 12.9% in 2013
    Overweight and obesity in girls in developed countries increased from 16.2% in 1980 to 22.6% in 2013
    Overweight and obesity in girls in developing countries increased from 8.4% in 1980 to 13.4% in 2013
    Overweight black children more likely than overweight white children to become obese adults
    Overweight black children more likely than whites to become obese adults: 80% vs 70%
    Overweight black children: too much soda, too much fried foods, too much TV, too little exercise
    Overweight children gain more weight during summer vacation than any other time
    Overweight children have an increase in cardiovascular risk factors
    Overweight children lose more weight when the father increases accetance
    Overweight during the first two years of life highest among blacks
    Overweight parents dramatically increases the risk of children being becoming obese
    Overweight: How much influence from parents?
    Parents concerned with local road safety increases risk of obesity in 10-12 yr old children 3.9 fold
    Parents want doctors to be more helpful with childhood obesity
    Percent fat is far better than BMI to detect childhood obesity
    Percent of total calories from sugary beverages doubled from 1977 to 2001 from 4.8% to 10.3%
    Percentage of Obese and Overweight U.S. High School Students by Race
    Percentage of Obese and Overweight U.S. High School Students by Sex
    Percentage of Obese and Overweight U.S. High School Students by Sex and Race
    Preschool children who consume one or more sweet drinks per day are twice as likely to be overweight
    Prevalence of obesity in students in Beijing increased from 0.7% to 8.5% from 1985 to 2005
    Prevelance of overweight and obesity amoung children in Melbourne, Australia has increased 250%
    Professional weight loss programs do not increase the risk of eating disorders in children
    Psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety, are common among obese children
    Rates of U.S. childhood overweight highest in Washington, DC with 22.8%, lowest in Utah at 8.5%
    Recommended sleep for children: 5-years-old, 11 hours; 5-10 yrs, 10 hours; 10 yrs or older, 9 hours
    Reducing sedentary activity reduces calorie intake in teenagers by 463 calories per day
    Regularly eating school lunches increases risk of obesity in boys and girls by 29%
    Since 1970, overweight among 2-5 year-olds has doubled, among 6-19 year-olds has tripled
    Since 1980, overweight among preschool aged children has increased from 6% to 10%
    Snack food not associated with an increase in BMI in children
    Soda consumption increases 2-5 year-olds risk of overweight 3.4-fold
    Soft drink consumption has tripled in adolescent boys
    Soft drink consumption has tripled in adolescent boys between 1977-78 and 1994
    Soft drinks in schools: 38-72% of schools have contracts to sell soft drinks
    Stress is one of the most reliable predictors of early-onset obesity and early death, Elissa Epel
    Substantial weight gain before the age of 5 associated with an extra 17 lbs or more at 18-21
    Sugar-sweetened drinks are associated with obesity in children
    Teen boys who sleep 7 hours or less weigh roughly 7 lbs more than those sleeping more than 7 hours
    Teen girls who sleep 7 hours or less weigh roughly 6 lbs more than those sleeping more than 7 hours
    Teenagers who eat breakfast weigh 5-10 lbs less
    Television advertisements for fattening snacks increase risk of childhood obesity
    Television viewing increases risk of teenage overweight by 40 to 100%, computers by 50%
    Television watching among children: 1/3 watch one hour per day, 1/3 1-3 hrs, 1/6 3-5 hrs, 1/6 5+ hrs
    The prevalence of overweight in Spanish adolescents has doubled since 1985
    Tonsil Removal May Cause Weight Gain... (or maybe not)
    Total media use among children: 5.5 hours per day
    Twice as many U.S. children 2-5 years-old are overweight as in 1975
    Two-thirds of U.S. high school students trying to lose or maintain weight
    U.S. Chidren consume 20% of calories as fast food compared to 2-7% in other countries
    U.S. Chidren consume 20% of calories as snacks compared to 1% in China
    U.S. Chidren consume one-third of calories from foods prepared away from home
    U.S. Childhood obesity rates by state as well as physical inactivity
    U.S. childhood overweight has increased from 14% in 2000 to 16-18% in 2004
    U.S. Childhood Overweight Rates by by State as of 2003-2004
    Unfit girls 3.3 times more likely to be overweight
    Video games associated with children's fat level
    Vigorous physical activity & involvement in school sports reduces risk of obesity in boys by 10%
    Waist-to-height ratio can identify childhood and adolescent obesity
    Weight gain during first week of life increases risk of overweight in adulthood
    Worldwide, overweight and obesity causes 3.4 million deaths yearly and 4% of years of life lost
    Worldwide, overweight and obesity causes 3.4 million deaths yearly and 4% of years of life lost
    Worldwide, overweight and obesity increased from 857 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in 2013
    Xenical (orlistat) reduces weight gain in children and adolescents by 5.7 lbs over one year
    Young children twice as likely to be obese if mother was obese during pregnancy
    Young people who are overweight have a 50% chance of being overweight adults

    Chitosan

    'Effect of chitosan on body weight is minimal' researchers conclude
    Chitosan causes a weight loss of only about 1.4 lbs
    Chitosan causes an average weight loss of 3.8 lbs according to review of 15 studies
    Chitosan doubtful for weight loss
    Chitosan for 6 months does not cause weight loss
    Chitosan reduces fat by less than 3 calories per day
    Chitosan: "It would take more than 7 months to lose one pound of body fat."
    Chitosan: Research suggests it is not effective for weight loss
    Five chitosan studies all from the same Italian research group which could not be reached

    Chocolate (cocoa)

    Cocoa powder increases insulin levels an average of 28% more than other flavors
    Cocoa prevents diet-induced obesity in rats
    Eating chocolate 2X per week associated with 66% lower risk of cardiac death over 8 years
    Elderly men who consumed the most cocoa were 47% less likely to die over 15 years
    Elderly men who consumed the most cocoa were 50% less likely to die from CVD over 15 years
    Five tablespoons of cocoa per day increased HDL levels by 24%
    Giving people 3.5 oz of dark chocolate per day decreased blood pressure 4.7 mm Hg / 2.8 mm Hg
    Higher chocolate consumption associated with a 21% lower risk of stroke
    Higher chocolate consumption associated with a 25% lower risk of heart attack and stroke
    Higher chocolate consumption associated with a 29% lower risk of coronary heart disease
    Higher chocolate consumption associated with a 45% lower risk of dying from cardiovascular disease
    Men who consumed the most cocoa had lower blood pressure, 3.7 mmHg systolic, 2.1 mmHg diastolic
    One ounce of dark chocolate per day lowered blood pressure 6 mm Hg, fasting blood sugar 8 mg/dl
    People consuming the most chocolate had a 12% lower risk of coronary heart disease
    People consuming the most chocolate had a 23% lower risk of stroke
    People who ate chocolate more than once a week were 48% less likely to get type 2 diabetes

    Cholesterol

    200 grams of fructose per day for two weeks lowered HDL levels by 5%
    30 mg/dL decrease in cholesterol in those over 65 associated with 35% GREATER risk of death
    5-fold increased risk of dying from CHD when cholesterol levels fall 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) Dr Kendrick
    8 of 9 experts recommending cholesterol levels are paid by the drug companies
    8 of 9 panel members who wrote the cholesterol guidelines were paid by the drug companies
    All calories are NOT equal says Kimber Stanhope, PhD who found fructose increases small dense LDL
    ALLHAT study found NO benefit to taking statins notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Cholesterol dropped from 240 to 150, triglycerides from 500 to 100 with thyroid, Mark Starr, MD
    Cholesterol levels and saturated fat are NOT correlated with coronary heart disease, Dr. Kendrick
    Cholesterol lowering drugs only prevent one heart attack in 100 people when taken for 3 years
    Cholesterol, high: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 1.9 fold
    Cholesterol-lowering drugs do not lower the risk of death in those without preexisting heart disease
    Cholesterol-lowering drugs do not lower the risk of death in those without preexisting heart disease
    Cholesterol-lowering drugs do not lower the risk of death or hospitalizations in middle-aged men
    Cholesterol-lowering drugs have never been shown to benefit people over 65
    Cholesterol-lowering drugs have never been shown to benefit women
    Cholesterol: 22 lbs weight loss will drop cholesterol by 9 mg/dL
    Diet has never been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease or death noted Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Don't eat sugar says cancer researcher, Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Dose of extended-release niacin, 2000 mg in 75%, 1500 mg in 3%, 1000 mg in 12%, 500 mg in 10%
    Each 100 mg of dietary cholesterol intake associated with a 10% lower risk of Alzheimer's
    Heart Disease: A copper supplement may help prevent cardiovascular disease
    High cholesterol levels are protective in heart failure patients
    High cholesterol levels are protective in the elderly
    High fructose corn syrup increases risk factors for heart disease within 2 weeks, Kimber Stanhope
    Higher cholesterol levels are associated with an decreased risk of Parkinson's
    How many people would take cholesterol-lowering drugs if they knew the truth about them?
    It is a myth that everyone should have their cholesterol levels checked says Dr. Howard Brody
    LDL cholesterol binds to and inactivates bacteria and viruses, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 29% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of bleeding in the brain
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of depression
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels associated with 2.3 times greater risk of Parkinson's disease
    Low-carb diet causes nearly twice as much weight loss as low-fat: 26 lbs vs 14 lbs
    Medical expenses in those with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension 30-60% higher in obese people
    Men with cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater 24% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 60% MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 2.2X more likely to die from other causes over 5 years
    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 36% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 47% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 68% more likely to die over next 4.9 years
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl or below were 81% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2X more likely to die from non-cancer and non-CVD causes
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 61% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Men with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL 18% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Niacin eliminated heart bypasses by 100% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (0 vs 3 bypasses)
    Niacin lowers C-reactive protein (CPR) by an average of 24%
    Niacin lowers LDL by an average of 16%
    Niacin lowers Lp(a) by an average of 28%
    Niacin lowers risk of heart attack or dying from a heart attack by an average of 25%
    Niacin lowers risk of stroke by an average of 26%
    Niacin lowers triglycerides by an average of 20%
    Niacin raises HDL by an average of 20%
    Niacin reduced cardiovascular deaths 80% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 5 deaths)
    Niacin reduced heart attacks by 67% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 3 heart attacks)
    Niacin reduced total deaths by 86% compared to Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 7 deaths)
    Obese people with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension lost 2-6 more work days than non-obese
    Obesity undiagnosed in 23% of cases
    Older people with high LDL levels live as long or longer as those with low LDL in 16 of 19 studies
    Orange Juice 18 oz raises HDL by 21 percent
    Paradoxically the more Zetia (ezetimibe) lowered LDL, the greater the progression of atherosclerosis
    Prevalence of hypertension increases with body weight
    Red yeast rice extract reduces deaths by 32%
    Statin side effects, 51-yr-old women: depression, amnesia, incredible fatigue, chest pain, insomnia
    Statin side effects: 'Life was pretty unbearable', constant pain, fatigue, did not feel well, Tony W
    Statin-induced side effects: depression, fatigue, memory loss, arrhythmia, Katherine Faraday, MD
    Statins are destroying the lives of countless people around the world, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Statins associated with 4.4-fold greater risk of memory loss
    Statins can induce insulin resistance
    Statins increase erectile dysfunction 10-fold in young men
    Statins increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 25-30% notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers 1.6-fold
    Statins treat lab values, but not much else says Michael Eades, MD
    Study: Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat does NOT lower the risk of death
    Sugar can make some cancers grow including breast cancer and colon cancer says Lewis Cantley, PhD
    The idea that HDL can remove cholesterol from a plaque is ridiculous by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause elevated cholesterol levels notes Mark Starr, MD
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 21: Weight loss improves cholesterol
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 4: Cholesterol
    Waist measurement better than BMI for predicting the risk of disease
    What is the prevalence of elevated cholesterol in people who are overweight?
    While statin use increased 68% (1999-2005), heart attacks increased 16%, strokes 45%!
    Women on the portion-controlled diet lost 12.3 lbs in 2 months vs 7.9 lbs when counting calories
    Women with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 41% MORE likely to die over 5-13 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 0% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 10% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 21% more likely to die over next 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 50% more likely to die from other causes over 5 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 50% more likely to die from other causes over 5 years
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2.3X more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2.9X more likely to die from non-cancer & non-CVD causes
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2X more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater were NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL

    Cholesterol drugs

    “Cholesterol-Lowering” Has Ripped Its Guts Out But Will Not Sink by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    11.3% of patients taking high dose statins experienced rhabdomyolysis
    5-fold increased risk of dying from CHD when cholesterol levels fall 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) Dr Kendrick
    8 of 9 panel members who wrote the cholesterol guidelines were paid by the drug companies
    ALLHAT study found NO benefit to taking statins notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Cholesterol-lowering May Shorten Your Life by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Dose of extended-release niacin, 2000 mg in 75%, 1500 mg in 3%, 1000 mg in 12%, 500 mg in 10%
    He Who Pays The Piper Calls The Tune by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    High cholesterol levels are protective in heart failure patients
    High cholesterol levels are protective in the elderly
    HIGHER cholesterol as associated with LONGER life, fewer infections and cancer, Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD
    Higher cholesterol levels are associated with an decreased risk of Parkinson's
    How Risky Is A Risk? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    LDL cholesterol binds to and inactivates bacteria and viruses, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 29% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of bleeding in the brain
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of depression
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels INCREASE the risk of cancer notes Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Niacin eliminated heart bypasses by 100% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (0 vs 3 bypasses)
    Niacin lowers C-reactive protein (CPR) by an average of 24%
    Niacin lowers LDL by an average of 16%
    Niacin lowers Lp(a) by an average of 28%
    Niacin lowers risk of heart attack or dying from a heart attack by an average of 25%
    Niacin lowers risk of stroke by an average of 26%
    Niacin lowers triglycerides by an average of 20%
    Niacin raises HDL by an average of 20%
    Niacin reduced cardiovascular deaths 80% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 5 deaths)
    Niacin reduced heart attacks by 67% versus Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 3 heart attacks)
    Niacin reduced total deaths by 86% compared to Zetia (ezetimibe) in statin users (1 vs 7 deaths)
    Paradoxically the more Zetia (ezetimibe) lowered LDL, the greater the progression of atherosclerosis
    Red yeast rice extract reduces deaths by 32%
    Statin side effects, 51-yr-old women: depression, amnesia, incredible fatigue, chest pain, insomnia
    Statin side effects: 'Life was pretty unbearable', constant pain, fatigue, did not feel well, Tony W
    Statin-induced side effects: depression, fatigue, memory loss, arrhythmia, Katherine Faraday, MD
    Statins are destroying the lives of countless people around the world, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Statins associated with 4.4-fold greater risk of memory loss
    Statins can induce insulin resistance
    Statins do NOT increase life expectancy by even one day in the general population, Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase erectile dysfunction 10-fold in young men
    Statins increase kidney failure, 23 extra patients per 10,000 statin users
    Statins increase life expectancy by only 2 weeks in those with a heart attack, Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase liver dysfunction, 74 extra patients per 10,000 statin users
    Statins increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 25-30% notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins INCREASE the risk of dying by 1% over 10 years
    Statins increase the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers 1.6-fold
    Statins increases muscle fatigabilty by 30%
    Statins treat lab values, but not much else says Michael Eades, MD
    Thank God He Didn’t Die Of Heart Disease Doctor Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Those who have LOW cholesterol levels are likely to die YOUNGER notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Two cholesterol drugs, Zocor plus Zetia, increased the risk of cancer by 48% - Part 2
    Two cholesterol drugs, Zocor plus Zetia, increased the risk of death by 4%, cancer 48% - Part 1
    While statin use increased 68% (1999-2005), heart attacks increased 16%, strokes 45%!
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 1
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 2
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 3
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 4
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 5
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 6
    Why I would not take statins to lower cholesterol - Part 7
    Zocor (a statin) plus Zetia increased cancer 48%, fatal cancers 67%

    Cholesterol Hypothesis Skeptics

    “Cholesterol-Lowering” Has Ripped Its Guts Out But Will Not Sink by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    'The idea that saturated fats cause heart disease is completely wrong' says biochemist Mary Enig
    5-fold increased risk of dying from CHD when cholesterol levels fall 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) Dr Kendrick
    8 of 9 panel members who wrote the cholesterol guidelines were paid by the drug companies
    ALLHAT study found NO benefit to taking statins notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Cholesterol dropped from 240 to 150, triglycerides from 500 to 100 with thyroid, Mark Starr, MD
    Cholesterol levels and saturated fat are NOT correlated with coronary heart disease, Dr. Kendrick
    Cholesterol levels from various countries do NOT correlate with Heart Disease, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Cholesterol-lowering May Shorten Your Life by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has little to do with your blood cholesterol by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has never been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease or death noted Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Diet is NOT an effective way to prevent coronary heart disease said George Mann, ScD, MD
    He Who Pays The Piper Calls The Tune by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    HIGHER cholesterol as associated with LONGER life, fewer infections and cancer, Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD
    LDL cholesterol binds to and inactivates bacteria and viruses, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Lipid hypothesis of heart disease promoted even though studies did NOT support it, Mary Enig, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels INCREASE the risk of cancer notes Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Lowering cholesterol by diet or drugs has not been shown to extend lifespan, Edward R. Pinckney, MD
    Men with cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater 24% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 60% MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL 18% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    More Grist To The Mill By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Stress causes heart disease and diabetes)
    Older people with high LDL levels live as long or longer as those with low LDL in 16 of 19 studies
    Statin side effects, 51-yr-old women: depression, amnesia, incredible fatigue, chest pain, insomnia
    Statin side effects: 'Life was pretty unbearable', constant pain, fatigue, did not feel well, Tony W
    Statin-induced side effects: depression, fatigue, memory loss, arrhythmia, Katherine Faraday, MD
    Statins are destroying the lives of countless people around the world, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Statins do NOT increase life expectancy by even one day in the general population, Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase life expectancy by only 2 weeks in those with a heart attack, Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 25-30% notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Thank God He Didn’t Die Of Heart Disease Doctor Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    The American Heart Association convinced to remove information about trans fats notes Mary Enig, PhD
    The increase in trans fats paralleled the increase in cancer and heart disease notes Mary Enig, PhD
    Those who have LOW cholesterol levels are likely to die YOUNGER notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Warning against cholesterol-lowering in the general population, Michael F. Oliver, MD
    Women with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 41% MORE likely to die over 5-13 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater were NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL
    Your cholesterol tells very little about your future health by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD

    Cholesterol Myths

    'The idea that saturated fats cause heart disease is completely wrong' says biochemist Mary Enig
    5-fold increased risk of dying from CHD when cholesterol levels fall 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) Dr Kendrick
    8 of 9 panel members who wrote the cholesterol guidelines were paid by the drug companies
    ALLHAT study found NO benefit to taking statins notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Cholesterol levels and saturated fat are NOT correlated with coronary heart disease, Dr. Kendrick
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: “The most exact data base”—the screenee
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Dr. Ornish and The Lifestyle Heart trial
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Insider Insight
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 10: All Scientists Support the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 8: Polyunsaturated Oils are Good for You
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 9: The Cholesterol Campaign is Based on Good Science
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: References
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Cholesterol lowering in children
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Introduction: The Diet-Heart Idea: A Die-Hard Hypothesis
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 1: High-Fat Foods Cause Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 2: High Cholesterol Causes Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 3: High-Fat Foods Raise Blood Cholesterol
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 4: High Cholesterol Blocks Arteries
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 5: Animal Studies Prove the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Triglycerides
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Familial hypercholesterolemia--not as risky as you may think
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Author's Foreword
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Forward to Book by Michael Gurr, PhD
    Cholesterol-lowering May Shorten Your Life by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has little to do with your blood cholesterol by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has never been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease or death noted Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Diet is NOT an effective way to prevent coronary heart disease said George Mann, ScD, MD
    High cholesterol levels are protective in heart failure patients
    High cholesterol levels are protective in the elderly
    HIGHER cholesterol as associated with LONGER life, fewer infections and cancer, Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD
    Higher cholesterol levels are associated with an decreased risk of Parkinson's
    LDL cholesterol binds to and inactivates bacteria and viruses, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Lipid hypothesis of heart disease promoted even though studies did NOT support it, Mary Enig, PhD
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 18% increased risk of lung cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 23% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Long-term statin use is associated with a 29% increased risk of colorectal cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of bleeding in the brain
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of cancer
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of depression
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels INCREASE the risk of cancer notes Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Lowering cholesterol by diet or drugs has not been shown to extend lifespan, Edward R. Pinckney, MD
    Men with cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater 24% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 60% MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Men with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL 18% LESS likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Statin side effects, 51-yr-old women: depression, amnesia, incredible fatigue, chest pain, insomnia
    Statin side effects: 'Life was pretty unbearable', constant pain, fatigue, did not feel well, Tony W
    Statin-induced side effects: depression, fatigue, memory loss, arrhythmia, Katherine Faraday, MD
    Statins are destroying the lives of countless people around the world, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Statins can induce insulin resistance
    Statins do NOT increase life expectancy by even one day in the general population, Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase erectile dysfunction 10-fold in young men
    Statins increase life expectancy by only 2 weeks in those with a heart attack, Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 25-30% notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase the risk of non-melanoma skin cancers 1.6-fold
    The increase in trans fats paralleled the increase in cancer and heart disease notes Mary Enig, PhD
    Those who have LOW cholesterol levels are likely to die YOUNGER notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Warning against cholesterol-lowering in the general population, Michael F. Oliver, MD
    Women with cholesterol of less than 160 mg/dL 41% MORE likely to die over 5-13 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 200-239 mg/dL NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL over 5-13 years
    Women with total cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater were NO MORE likely to die vs 160-199 mg/dL
    Your cholesterol tells very little about your future health by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD

    Cholesterol, HDL

    Men with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 68% more likely to die over next 4.9 years
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl or below were 81% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2X more likely to die from non-cancer and non-CVD causes
    Men with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 61% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 0% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 10% more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 21% more likely to die over next 4.9 years
    Women with high HDL levels above 90 mg/dl were 50% more likely to die from other causes over 5 years
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2.3X more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2.9X more likely to die from non-cancer & non-CVD causes
    Women with low HDL levels of 30 mg/dl were 2X more likely to die from cancer over 4.9 years

    Chromium

    1000 mcg of chromium picolinate per day caused women to lose 1.1 lbs after two months
    1000 mcg of chromium picolinate per day reduced intake by 207 calories more than placebo
    Chromium picolinate may (or may not) cause weight loss of 2.5 lbs
    Chromium: No effect on body composition at 200 mcg per day

    Chronic Fatigue

    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause chronic fatigue notes Mark Starr, MD

    Citrus aurantium

    Citrus aurantium is not effective for weight loss, causes weight gain of 2.5 lbs after two months
    Citrus aurantium: In 1997, Twinlab used my name to sell this as a miracle weight loss supplement

    CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid)

    CLA causes tiny amount of fat loss, 0.1 lbs per week
    CLA does not cause weight loss in humans
    CLA does not prevent weight regain
    CLA increases regain of muscle, but does not affect body weight
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) causes small 2 lbs fat loss after six months
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) causes weight loss of 1 lb after six months
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) changes fat burning during sleep -- You've got to be kidding me!
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) does not cause weight loss according to a review of 21 studies
    Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may reduce body fat mass and increase lean body mass
    Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) causes insulin resistance and fatty liver in mice

    Clozaril (clozapine)

    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: 22 lbs weight gain might offset lives saved from suicide
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 3.7 lbs in one month
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 9.8 lbs in two-and-a-half-months
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: Clozapine: 95 lbs in a year-and-two-months
    Clozapine causes average weight gain of 5 pounds, but in some as much as 28 pounds
    Clozaril (clozapine) associated with weight gain of 9.8 pounds after two-and-one-half months
    Clozaril (clozapine) caused weight gain of over 100 lbs in a pair of female twins

    Cobalt

    Cobalt is necessary for the proper retention of estrogen, testosterone, cortisol, Jonathan Wright MD

    Cochrane Collaboration

    Aiming for blood pressure targets lower than 140/90 mmHg is not beneficial says Cochrane Review

    Codonopsis Eupolyphaga

    Herbal anti-obesity powder (Codonopsis Eupolyphaga) causes weight loss in mice

    Coffee

    1-2 cups of coffee per day cuts risk of diabetes in half
    2-3 cups of coffee per day associated with 38% reduced risk of liver cancer
    2-3 cups of coffee per day associated with 46% reduced risk of dying from chronic liver disease
    4 cups of coffee per day associated with 71% reduced risk of dying from chronic liver disease
    4 or more cups of coffee per day associated with 41% reduced risk of liver cancer
    6 cups of coffee per day associated with 60% lower risk of fatal prostate cancer
    Coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by as much as 35%
    Coffee, those drinking 1-2 cups per day were 15% less likely to die over 18.7 years
    Coffee, those drinking 3-4 cups per day were 24% less likely to die over 18.7 years
    Coffee, those drinking less than one cup per day were 9% less likely to die over 18.7 years
    Coffee, those drinking more than 5 cups per day were 15% less likely to die over 18.7 years
    Drinking 1-3 cups of coffee per day is associated with 8% lower risk of death
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day associated w/ 31% lower risk of dying from neurological disease
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 15% lower risk of death
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 35% lower risk of dying from diabetes
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 42% lower risk of suicide
    Drinking more than 5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 12% lower risk of death
    Drinking one cup of coffee per day is associated with 6% lower risk of death
    Drinking up to 4 cups of coffee per day is associated with 14% lower risk of death
    Each cup of coffee per day is associated with a 6% lower risk of death in non-smokers
    Girls who consumed 2 servings of alcohol per week gained 0.7 lbs more per year
    Girls who drank 5 cups of coffee per week gained 0.5 lbs less per year
    Ground coffee, caffeinated or decaffeinated, or black tea lowers the risk of diabetes
    Heavy coffee drinkers weigh 4-5 lbs more than light coffee drinkers
    People drinking 1-3 cups of coffee per day were 8% less likely to die than non-drinkers
    People drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day were 15% less likely to die than non-drinkers
    People drinking more than 5 cups of coffee per day were 12% less likely to die than non-drinkers
    People drinking one cup of coffee per day were 6% less likely to die than non-drinkers

    Coffee, Decaffeinated

    People consuming 4 cups of decaffeinated coffee per day were 10% less likely to die over 23 years

    Cognitive function

    Obesity in middle aged men reduces cognitive function later in life.

    Commercial Weight Loss Programs

    18.8% of Weight Watchers who reached goal maintained a 10% weight loss 5 years later
    19.4% of Weight Watchers who reached goal were within 5 lbs of their goal weight 5 years later
    Half of Weight Watchers lifetime members maintain 5% weight loss for 5 years
    Jenny Craig Weight Loss Program causes weight loss of 16 lbs after one year
    Less popular weight loss strategies: commercial weight loss programs, liquid diets, diet pills
    Liquid diets, nonprescription diet pills, and popular diets showed no association with weight loss
    Most popular weight loss strategies: eating less, exercising more, eating less fat, low-calorie food
    People following Jenny Craig Weight Loss Program for one year lost 15.6%
    People on Jenny Craig for one year lost 15.6% of their body weight
    US adults who lost 10% body weight or more were 36% more likely to exercise than those who lost less
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 105% more likely to take a prescription diet pill from a doc
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 27% more likely to skip meals than those who lost less
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 37% more likely to eat less fat than those who lost less
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 52% less likely to eat diet foods than those who lost less
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 72% more likely to join a commercial weight loss program
    US obese adults eating diet foods were only half as likely to lose 10% of their body weight
    VTrim causes twice as much weight loss as eDiets.com : 18 lbs vs 9 lbs
    Weight watchers caused an average weight loss of 13.2 pounds after six months
    Weight Watchers caused an average weight loss of 7.7 lbs in one year
    Weight Watchers caused an average weight loss of 8.9 lbs in one year; study Australia, Germany, UK
    Weight Watchers caused an average weight loss of 9.7 lbs in 3 months
    Weight Watchers caused greater weight loss than self-help program after one year, 9.5 lbs vs 2.9 lbs
    Weight Watchers more effective than self-help
    Women lost an average of 18 lbs after two years on Jenny Craig, dropping from 203 lbs to 184 lbs
    Women lost an average of 21 lbs after six months on Jenny Craig, dropping from 203 lbs to 182 lbs
    Women lost an average of 24 lbs after one year on Jenny Craig, dropping from 203 lbs to 179 lbs

    Computer Use

    People who use the computer 6 hours or more per week are 20-30% more likely to be obese

    Conflicts of Interest

    'Conflict of interest ... is a cancer eating at the core of medical research,' says Dr Kailash Chand

    Congestive Heart Failure

    Coenzyme Q10 cuts the risk of death in half in those with severe heart failure in 2 year study
    Congestive heart failure 2.5 times more common among diabetics
    Desiccated thyroid reduced enlarged heart to normal size in 80-year-old father, Mark Starr, MD
    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr
    Increasing dietary magnesium by 100 mg per day is associated with 22% reduction in heart failure
    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, minimum effective dose 2,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces death after a heart attack, optimum dose 6,000 to 9,000 mg per day
    L-carnitine reduces heart failure after a heart attack by 15%
    Statin benefits have been 'grossly exaggerated' says Dr. Kailash Chand of the British Medical Assoc.
    Statin-induced impairment in heart muscle function appears to be permanent
    Statins are likely a major contributing factor to the one million heart failures in US each year
    Statins are NOT effective, but instead can cause hardening of the arteries, heart failure, diabetes
    Statins can cause congestive heart failure
    Study claiming negative news stories about statins caused deaths is very misleading says Dr. Chand
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day, 50% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease over 8.7 y

    Constipation

    Desiccated thyroid reduced constipation from 40% to 14% compared to Synthroid (T4), Dr. Starr
    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr

    Contrave (Wellbutrin (bupropion) plus naltrexone)

    Contrave (300 mg Wellbutrin plus 50 mg naltrexone) causes weight loss of 6.6 percent in six months
    Contrave (400 mg Wellbutrin + 32 mg naltrexone): 7.9% dropouts; with 48 mg naltrexone, 18% dropouts
    Contrave (400 mg Wellbutrin plus 32 mg naltrexone) causes weight loss of 10.7% after 11 months
    Contrave (400 mg Wellbutrin plus 32 mg naltrexone): Nausea most common side effect
    Contrave dose of 400 mg Wellbutrin plus 32 mg naltrexone causes maximum weight loss
    Contrave plus diet, exercise and behavior mod causes weight loss of 9.3% vs 5.1%
    Contrave plus diet, exercise causes weight loss of 11.5% vs 7.3% in those completing one year study
    Contrave with varying doses causes 7-8% weight loss in six months, 8-9% in nine months
    FDA Advisory Panel Recommends the FDA approve the diet drug Contrave (bupropion + naltrexone)
    Most common side effects from Contrave: Nausea 34%, headache 24%, constipation 24%, dizziness 15%

    Copper

    Copper, not zinc, has an effect on leptin levels
    Heart Disease: A copper supplement may help prevent cardiovascular disease
    Zinc improves insulin sensitivity

    CoQ10 (Coenzyme Q10, ubiquinol, ubiquinone)

    Coenzyme Q10 cuts the risk of death in half in those with severe heart failure in 2 year study

    Cortisol (stress hormone)

    Chronic stress or diet-induced obesity is rarely associated with excess cortisol levels
    Reducing stress and reducing cortisol, reduced belly fat notes Elissa Epel
    Stress causes the same signals as famine and makes us crave dense calories notes Elissa Epel
    Stress makes us crave high-fat, high-sweet, high-salt foods notes Elissa Epel

    Cost of food

    Food is getting cheaper; only about half as much was spent on food in 1996 as in 1956

    Costs associated with obesity

    Childhood obesity: 60% have one risk factor for cardiovascular disease, 25% have two or more
    Childhood obesity: Health care costs for children have tripled in the last 20 years
    Childhood obesity: The causes
    Cost of weight loss surgery recouped in 2-4 years in lower medical costs; $500-$900 saved per month
    Costs: U.S. medical costs associated with obesity estimated to be $75 billion per year
    Health care costs 25% to 100% greater for people who are obese
    Healthcare costs of morbidly obese adults 81% greater than normal-weight adults
    Increases in obesity account for 27% of the growth in health spending per capita
    Medical costs associated with obesity were as high as $147 billion per year in the US as of 2008
    Medical costs for workers: $59,178 for extremely obese workers vs $5,396 for normal weight
    Medical expenses in those with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension 30-60% higher in obese people
    Obese females with BMI of 35 or more cost employers $2485 per year more than normal weight females
    Obese people in the US spend 36% more on healthcare, 77% more on drugs
    Obese people with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension lost 2-6 more work days than non-obese
    Obesity responsible for one-forth of the risk in health care costs from 1987 to 2001
    Obesity-related medical expenses in U.S. are $75 billion per year
    People who gain 20 lbs or more increase health care costs by $154 per year
    Weight loss of 1% for type 2 diabetics reduces health care costs by $256 per year
    What is the cost of cancer related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of gallbladder disease related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of heart disease related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of hypertension related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of lack of physical activity in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of lost productivity related to obesity in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of osteoarthritis related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the cost of type 2 diabetes related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?

    Cravings

    'Food cravings are a typical component of human eating behavior' study notes
    52-97% of people report having had food cravings
    Cravings are predictable and can be avoided says Stephen Gullo, PhD
    Most commonly craved foods : chocolate, salty snacks, ice cream, brownies
    People tend to crave foods high in fat, low in protein and fiber
    The portion size of craved foods predicts maximum body weight
    Women who lost the most weight had more cravings for high-calorie foods, but gave in less often

    Cymbalta (duloxetine)

    Cymbalta (duloxetine) causes 5.3 lbs weight loss
    Cymbalta (duloxetine) causes average weight loss of 1.1 lbs after two months

    Daniel Amen, MD

    Depression is a symptom, not a single illness; it does not tell you the cause or the treatment
    Doctors often dismiss natural treatments for psychiatric problems because of a lack of training
    Improving brain function, often with natural treatments, improves energy, focus, anxiety, addictions
    Psychiatric problems are, largely, brain problems
    Psychiatrist Daniel Amen does brain scans to diagnose psychiatric problems, anxiety and depression
    Psychiatrist Dr Daniel Amen prefers natural treatments for anxiety, depression and other problems
    There are seven patterns of depression; treating all depression the same, invites disaster

    Death, Risk of

    A 5 point increase in homocysteine increases the risk of all-cause mortality by 49%
    Abdominal obesity changes breathing
    Being obese at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 6.7 years, women 7.1 years
    Being overweight at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 3.1 years, women 3.3 years
    Being overweight or moderately obese does not increase the risk of death in people over 65
    BMI at the age of 30-49 predicts mortality after the age of 50-69
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater affects 6% of US adults
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40-44.9 is associated 6.5 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 45-49.9 is associated 8.9 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 50-54.9 is associated 9.8 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 55-59.9 is associated 13.7 years of lost life
    Every 1 lbs increase in weight increases the risk of death by 1% for those 30- to 42-years-old
    Every 1 lbs increase in weight increases the risk of death by 2% for those 50- to 62-years-old
    Excellent graph showing increased risk of death with increasing body weight
    Extreme obesity increases the risk of dying in women by 70%
    High-protein diet associated with 1.7-fold greater risk of dying over the next 18 yrs in those 50-65
    High-protein diet associated with 28% lower risk of dying over the next 18 yrs in those 66 and older
    High-protein diet associated with 4.3-fold greater risk of cancer death over 18 yrs in those 50-65
    High-protein diet associated with 60% lower risk of cancer death over the next 18 yrs in those 66+
    Intentional weight loss reduces risk of death by 24%
    Lack of physical activity increases the risk of dying by 20-100%
    Lack of physical activity increases the risk of dying from coronary artery disease by 50-140%
    Lean, physically inactive men 115% greater risk of death than most active lean men after adjustments
    Lean, physically inactive men 54% greater risk of death than the most active lean men
    Lowest risk of death in women associated with body mass index (BMI) of 21 to 23.4
    Men whose waist was 40 inches or more were 17% more likely to die over 12 years
    Men with the smallest waist are least likely to die
    Men with waist-to-hip ratio of one or more were 34% more likely to die over 12 years
    Moderate-protein diet associated w/ 3.1-fold greater risk of cancer death over 18 yrs in those 50-65
    Moderate-protein diet associated with 21% lower risk of dying over the next 18 yrs in those 66+
    Obese men who lost 5-15% of body weight reduced risk of dying by 22% over the next 6-12 years
    Obese, physically active men 65% greater risk of death than most active lean men after adjustments
    Obese, physically inactive men 81% greater risk of death than the most active lean men
    Obesity among elderly does not increase the risk of death
    One-fifth of men with largest BMI, waist and fat are 20-30% more likely to die than second one-fifth
    One-fifth of women with largest waist are 30% more likely to die than second one-fifth
    One-fifth of women with largest waist-to-hip ratio are 50% more likely to die than second one-fifth
    Overweight increases risk of dying by 12-38%, obesity by 58-96%
    Overweight/obese inactive men 104% greater risk of death than lean active men after adjustments
    People over 65 who are overweight are 11% less likely to die during 9 year follow-up
    Risk of death 4% greater in overweight, 24% in obese, 50% in severely obese, 71% in extremely obese
    Risk of death lowest in Korea women who are slightly overweight with BMI of 25 to 26.9
    Smoking and being obese at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 13.7 years, women 13.3 years
    The increased risk of death associated with being overweight is highest for those 30-44 years-old
    The lowest risk of death is assocated with a BMI of 21 in younger women, 23 in younger men
    The thinner men are, the less likely they are to die
    Trying to weight loss but gaining weight instead still reduces risk of death by 6%
    Trying to weight with no weight change still reduces risk of death by 20%
    Unintentional weight loss increases risk of death by 31%
    Whole body obesity changes circulation and heart function
    Whole-grains, but not refined grains, lower the risk of death
    Women whose waist was 35 inches or more were 17% more likely to die over 12 years
    Women with the smallest waist-to-hip ratio also have the lowest risk of death
    Women with waist-to-hip ratio of 0.85 or more were 34% more likely to die over 12 years

    Deaths from obesity

    6% of deaths in England due to obesity
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater affects 6% of US adults
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40-44.9 is associated 6.5 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 45-49.9 is associated 8.9 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 50-54.9 is associated 9.8 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 55-59.9 is associated 13.7 years of lost life
    Cancer: Excess weight causes 1/7 of cancer deaths in men, 1/5 in women
    Deaths caused by obesity probably overestimated
    Excess weight and inactivity account for 59% of heart disease deaths, 21% of cancer deaths in women
    Excess weight causes 464,000 deaths per year in US, 4 times more than 2005 CDC estimate
    Lean men with BMI 18.5-23.5, 8% more likely to die during 10 years than men with BMI of 23.5-25
    Lean women with BMI 18.5-23.5, 17% more likely to die during 10 years than women with BMI of 23.5-25
    Normal weight former smoking men were 2.2 to 4.1 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Normal weight former smoking women were 1.9 to 2.9 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Normal weight smoking women with BMI 23.5-25, 5.4 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Normal-weight smoking men with BMI 23.5-25, 6.2 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Obese men w/ BMI over 35, 2.4 times more likely to die during 10 years than men with BMI of 23.5-25
    Obese men with BMI 30-35, 41% more likely to die during 10 years than men with BMI of 23.5-25
    Obese smoking men with BMI 35 or more, 8.1 times more likely to die
    Obese smoking women with BMI 30-35, 5.9 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Obese smoking women with BMI 35 or more, 6.6 times more likely to die during 10-year follow-up
    Obese women w/BMI over 35, 2.2 times more likely to die during 10 years than women w/BMI of 23.5-25
    Obese women with BMI 30-35, 33% more likely to die during 10 years than women with BMI of 23.5-25
    Obesity accounts for 18% of deaths among Black and White Americans between the ages of 40 and 85
    Obesity and overweight accounts for 15% of deaths among White men in the U.S.
    Obesity and overweight accounts for 21% of deaths among White women in the U.S.
    Obesity and overweight accounts for 27% of deaths among Black women in the U.S.
    Obesity and overweight accounts for 5% of deaths among Black men in the U.S.
    Obesity associated with fewer deaths than previously thought (updated Friday, April 22, 2005)
    Obesity causes an estimated 30,000 deaths in the UK, 320,000 deaths in Europe
    Obesity increases risk of death from cardiovascular disease by 45% in men, 53% in women
    Obesity increases risk of death from coronary heart disease by 51% in men, 62% in women
    Overweight men with BMI 25-30, 11% more likely to die during 10 years than men with BMI of 23.5-25
    Overweight smoking women with BMI 25-30, 5.1 times more likely to die during 10 year follow-up
    Overweight women with BMI 25-30, 14% more likely to die during 10 years than women w/BMI of 23.5-25
    The lowest risk of death is assocated with a BMI of 21 in younger women, 23 in younger men
    Underweight men, BMI under 18.5, 2.1 times more likely to die during 10 years than w/BMI of 23.5-25
    Underweight smoking men with BMI less than 18.5, 8.4 times more likely to die during 10 yr follow-up
    Underweight smoking women with BMI less than 18.5, 9.4 times more likely to die within 10 years
    Underweight women, BMI under 18.5, 1.5 X more likely to die during 10 years than w/BMI of 23.5-25

    Definitions

    Childhood obesity in the U.S. has approximately tripled in the last 30 years
    Childhood overweight 4.5% to 7% in the Latin America
    Childhood overweight 7% in the Middle East
    Childhood overweight 8% in North Africa
    Childhood overweight in U.S.: 31% of Mexican-Americans, 20% of Blacks, 15% of Whites, 11% of Asians
    Childhood overweight more prevelant in Egypt, Algeria, Peru, South Africa, and Jamaica than in USA
    Childhood overweight twice as common in Mediterranean countries as in northern Europe
    Children in the 85th to 95th percentile defined to be 'at risk for overweight'
    Children in the 95th percentile or above defined to be 'overweight'
    Children in the 99th percentile or above defined to be 'obese'
    Morbid obesity is a BMI of 40 or more
    Overweight among 2-5 year-olds in the U.S. 10% in 1999-2000, 13.9% in 2003-2004
    Overweight among 6-19 year-olds in the U.S. 15% in 1999-2000, 17-19% in 2003-2004
    Super obesity is a BMI of 50 or more
    Super-super obesity is a BMI of 60 or more

    Dental Amalgams (mercury fillings)

    100-600 times more mercury coming off of dental amalgams than the American Dental Association claims
    Autism is a man-made disease (Part 3 of 3)
    Men with one-fifth highest mercury levels were 2.2X more likely to have heart attack

    Depo-Provera (depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate)

    20-year-old woman gained 40 lbs in one year while using Depo-Provera for birth control
    Depo-Provera causes average weight gain of 13.4 lbs after 2.5 years

    Depression

    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    '[Chemicals in our environment] are so capable of ruining our lives... you have no idea.' Dr. Larson
    10 risk factors for depression as noted by Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    180 to 720 mg of rubidium chloride had a significant antidepressant effect in two-thirds of patients
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    360-720 mg of rubidium chloride per day for 2 months had rapid antidepressant action in 20 people
    40-year-old woman with life-long suicidal thoughts was allergic to wheat and dairy
    540 mg of rubidium chloride for 3 weeks had antidepressant effect in 15 depressed people
    85% of people with depression who are NOT given drugs are well after a year says Robert Whitaker
    A woman with depression helped in 2 weeks with natural supplements, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Antidepressants should not be used as first-line therapy for depression notes Robert Whitaker
    Antipsychotic drugs can cause psychosis notes Robert Whitaker
    Before antidepressants were used, people with depression usually got better without intervention
    Belly fat increases anxiety and depression in men
    Binge eaters more likely to have a history of major depression
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 1 of 3 - Rats cured with vitamins
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson - 2 of 3 - Talk Therapy Doesn't Work
    Cure for alcoholism, anxiety & depression, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD - 3 of 3 - You must do lab tests
    Depression as an adolescent increases weight as an adult
    Depression increases the risk of obesity: Combination of Effexor and Wellbutrin may help
    Depression is a symptom, not a single illness; it does not tell you the cause or the treatment
    Depression is associated with belly fat in postmenopausal women
    Depression more prevelant among obese adolescents
    Desiccated thyroid reduced depression from 61% to 23% compared to Synthroid (T4), Dr. Starr
    Disruption of our circadian rhythm increases the risk of cognitive impairment
    Disruption of our circadian rhythm increases the risk of depression and insomnia
    Doctors often dismiss natural treatments for psychiatric problems because of a lack of training
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 42% lower risk of suicide
    Drug companies began influencing psychiatry's beliefs in 1980 notes Robert Whitaker
    Drug company salesman had Xanax withdrawal symptoms for 6 months
    Drug company salesman notes that all psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal symptoms
    Drug company salesman notes to NEVER stop a psychiatric drugs on your own
    Drug company salesman suggests having alternative doctor to help withdraw from psychiatric drugs
    Elimination of food allergies can relieve depression faster than anything, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil is a powerful antidepressant for some, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil should not be given to people with schizophrenia, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Exercise-alone works better for depression than drugs-alone or drugs-plus-exercise, Robert Whitaker
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Food allergies can cause depression, panic attacks and anger, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    For mild to moderate depression, antidepressants are no better than placebo notes Robert Whitaker
    Great Britain found that for mild to moderate depression, antidepressants were not effective
    History of the mineral rubidium as an antidepressant
    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Improving brain function, often with natural treatments, improves energy, focus, anxiety, addictions
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD give two Tablespoons of fish oil to all of her patients
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression are fixable with vitamins, minerals and amino acids
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression are not personality traits
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Anxiety and depression have a common biochemical cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Common biochemical causes of anxiety and depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Hypoglycemia can cause anxiety and depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Orthomolecular medicine uses substance naturally present in the body
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Psychiatry prescribes drugs without doing lab tests to determine cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Psychiatry prescribes drugs without doing lab tests to determine cause
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: She treats hypoglycemia with glutamine, niacin, chromium, low-carb diet
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: She treats hypoglycemia with glutamine, niacin, chromium, low-carb diet
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Suicidal depression involves a different brain chemistry than depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause problems with memory and concentration
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Vitamin B3 deficiency can cause anxiety, fatigue, depression
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD: Why not use chemicals naturally present in the body for healing
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Long-term antidepressants increase risk of converting to bipolar disorder says Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants causes cognitive decline evidence suggests says Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants increases recurrence of depression notes author Robert Whitaker
    Long-term use of antidepressants turn a short-term illness into a chronic illness, Robert Whitaker
    Low cholesterol levels are associated with higher incidence of depression
    Low thyroid can cause a 'Black Depression' notes Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Major depression is 27% more common in people who are obese
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 1 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 2 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 3 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 4 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 5 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 6 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 7 of 8
    Margot Kidder cured of Manic Depression with Orthomolecular Medicine, Part 8 of 8
    Men with panic attacks are 50% more likely to be overweight
    Mood disorders 56% more common among obese, 100% more common in very obese
    Morbidly obese more likely to have a history of depression and anxiety
    Obesity among teenagers related to depression and shame
    Obesity associated with more depression in women, less depression in men
    Obesity is associated with 25% increase in depression and anxiety, 25% decrease in substance abuse
    People on a low-fat, high-carb diet had less anxiety and depression than those on low-carb diet
    People with night eating syndrome suffer more depression
    People with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depression, 2.6 times more likely to be obese
    Physical exercise improves mild depression as much as antidepressants notes UK's Dr. Tim Kendall
    Postpartum depression increases the risk of 11 lbs weight gain 2.5-fold
    Psychiatric drugs have caused disability rates to skyrocket notes Robert Whitaker
    Psychiatric problems are, largely, brain problems
    Psychiatrist Daniel Amen does brain scans to diagnose psychiatric problems, anxiety and depression
    Psychiatrist Dr Daniel Amen prefers natural treatments for anxiety, depression and other problems
    Psychiatry turned to drugs to treat depression to eliminate the competition, Robert Whitaker
    Pyroluria can cause life-long anxiety and depression, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Rhodiola Rosea May Help With Depression
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Sleep time has decreased 1.5 hours over the past century accompanied by rise in obesity
    SSRI's make things worse notes Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Stopping an antidepressant can cause severe drug withdrawal symptoms notes Robert Whitaker
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Talk Therapy can't fix biochemical problems of anxiety, depression, alcoholism, Joan Mathews-Larson
    The devastating effects of hypoglycemia, Dr. Larson's own experience
    The FDA requires only two studies show positive results to approve a drug
    The FDA says unpublished drug trials are unpublished because they were flawed, but Britain disagrees
    The longer someone is on an antidepressant, the harder it is to get off notes Robert Whitaker
    The longer someone is on an antidepressant, the harder it is to get off notes Robert Whitaker
    The most common cause of depression is brain allergies, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    The perception of being overweight increases likelihood of psychological distress 40-50%
    The serotonin deficiency theory of depression is probably not correct says Walter Brown, MD
    There are seven patterns of depression; treating all depression the same, invites disaster
    There is no evidence that people with depression have a chemical imbalance notes Robert Whitaker
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause depression notes Mark Starr, MD
    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause mental illnesses notes Mark Starr, MD
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 17: Emotional Problems
    Vitamin B6 deficiency can cause extreme anxiety, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Women underreport their weight by about 3 pounds
    You can get the same benefit without drugs if you are mildly or moderately depressed, Irving Kirsch

    Desire to Lose Weight

    55% of US men desire to weigh less
    73% of US women desire to weigh less

    DHEA

    DHEA reduces belly fat in 7% in older men, 10% in older women
    DHEA: No effect on body weight or composition

    Diabetes

    'Every diabetic patient seen in my practice has suffered hypothyroidism,' says Mark Starr, MD
    1-2 cups of coffee per day cuts risk of diabetes in half
    10 lbs weight loss reduces risk of diabetes 30%
    7-11 lbs weight loss reduces diabetes by 40-60% in risk-prone individuals
    About one-third of people have normal blood sugar, but produce too much insulin, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Acarbose plus diet causes more weight loss in diabetics than metformin plus diet: 7.7 lbs vs 2.2 lbs
    Actos (pioglitazone) and Avandia (rosiglitazone) cause significant weight gain in 48-58% of patients
    Anafranil (clomipramine) increases risk of diabetes 123%
    Being overweight dramatically increases diabetes risk
    Being overweight increases risk of diabetes 5-fold, having BMI of 35 increases risk 93-fold
    Borderline diabetes increases risk of CAD death by 1.7-fold over 8 years in patients with CAD
    Brown rice associated with 11% lower risk of diabetes, 2 servings per week vs less than 1 per month
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 3 pounds in six months with 5 mcg, 4.6 lbs with 10 mcg
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 4.6 pounds after 0.5 years, 9.7 lbs after 1.5 years
    Byetta (exenatide) causes weight loss of 6.6 pounds after 0.5 years, 11.7 lbs after 1.5 years
    Childhood obesity: 30% of boys and 40% of girls at risk for type 2 diabetes
    Coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes by as much as 35%
    Congestive heart failure 2.5 times more common among diabetics
    Desyrel (trazodone) increases risk of diabetes 116%
    Diabetes affects 6-13% of adults in the U.S.
    Diabetes drug Avandia does nothing to prevent heart attacks, strokes or kidney failure
    Diabetes drug Avandia increases heart attacks 43%; Glaxo stole manuscript says Dr. Steve Nissen
    Diabetes increases risk of CAD death by 2.3-fold over 8 years in patients with CAD
    Diabetes increases risk of death by 2.1-fold over 8 years in patients with CAD
    Diabetes increases risk of stroke 2- to 4-fold
    Diabetes Risk 2-5 times higher in Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians
    Diabetes shortens lifespan by 12-13 years
    Diabetes: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 156 to 234 percent
    Diabetes: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 7.4 fold
    Diabetes: Gastric bypass eliminates 80-90% of diabetes, gastric banding 50-60%
    Diabetes: Intensive lifestyle program causes weight loss of 5.7 lbs
    Diabetes: Obesity increases risk 11-fold in women
    Diabetic symptoms present in 9 out of 10 new cases of diabetes
    Diabetics as likely to have a heart attack as non-diabetics who have previously had a heart attack
    Diabetics assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention lost an average of 8.6% of body weight
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day is associated with 35% lower risk of dying from diabetes
    Each serving of sugar-sweetened beverage per day raises Type 2 diabetes risk by 18%
    Eating 7 servings of whole-grain cereal per week reduces risk of diabetes by 37%
    EDTA chelation reduced risk of death by 43% over 1-5 years in diabetics with a prior heart attack
    Effexor (venlafaxine) increases risk of diabetes 103% (increases the risk 2-fold)
    Eight percent of US population has diabetes
    Elavil (amitriptyline) increases risk of diabetes 43%
    Elevated blood sugar increases risk of death from cancer by 23-29%
    Every diabetic patient suffers from hypothyroidism notes Mark Starr, MD
    Ex-heavy smokers 42% more likely to be obese than those who have never smoked
    Exercise necessary for the loss of belly fat in diabetic women
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose, which is very sweet, is the thing in sugar we crave notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Global calorie intake increased 8% from 1985 to 2010, diabetes increased 7.3-fold, Robert Lustig MD
    Glucose and fructose are very different, only the liver can metabolize fructose, Robert Lustig, MD
    Ground coffee, caffeinated or decaffeinated, or black tea lowers the risk of diabetes
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of type 2 diabetes 40 percent
    High intake of animal protein and fat associated with 37% higher risk of Type 2 Diabetes
    High intake of vegetable protein and fat associated with 22% lower risk of Type 2 Diabetes
    Increasing dietary magnesium by 100 mg per day is associated with a 19% reduction in type 2 diabetes
    Insulin should not be given to obese type 2 diabetics with insulin resistance
    Intensive glucose-lowering treatment INCREASED the risk of congestive heart failure by 47%
    Intensive glucose-lowering treatment resulted in 4% HIGHER risk of death according to meta-analysis
    Is metformin a life-extending drug? Metformin LOWERS risk of death in Type 2 diabetics vs controls
    Lacto-ovo vegetarians have a 38% lower risk of Type 2 diabetes than non-vegetarians
    Lifestyle intervention reduced the risk for diabetes to a greater extent than metformin (58% vs 31%)
    Losing 30% of excess weight improves or resolves type 2 diabetes in 88% of patients
    Low testosterone can affect up to half of men with type 2 diabetes
    Low testosterone is common in obese men, especially those with diabetes
    Low-carb diets do not increase the risk of type 2 diabetes; higher vegetable fat protects against it
    Luvox (fluvoxamine) increases risk of diabetes 391% (increases the risk 4.9-fold)
    Magnesium deficiency associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes
    Magnesium intake reduces risk of diabetes by 14% for every 100 mg increase in daily intake
    Medical expenses in those with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension 30-60% higher in obese people
    Men with 38-inch waist are 5 times as likely to have type 2 diabetes as men with 34-inch waist
    Metformin plus a sulphonylurea increased the risk of death 96% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics
    Metformin reduced the risk of death by 36% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics
    Monounsaturated fat reduces belly fat
    Ninety percent of diabetics have BMI greater than 23
    Obese diabetics who lose weight reduce their risk of death by 25%
    Obese people with diabetes, dyslipidemia or hypertension lost 2-6 more work days than non-obese
    Obesity undiagnosed in 23% of cases
    Obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes associated more than 20 degenerative diseases
    One ounce of dark chocolate per day lowered blood pressure 6 mm Hg, fasting blood sugar 8 mg/dl
    Pamelor (nortriptyline) increases risk of diabetes 122%
    Paxil (paroxetine) increases risk of diabetes 33%
    People who ate chocolate more than once a week were 48% less likely to get type 2 diabetes
    Phentermine causes weight loss of 11.6 lbs in six months in obese diabetics vs 3.9 lbs w/placebo
    Recognizing metabolically obese normal-weight
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD; Diabetes problems are NOT caused by high blood sugar
    Semi-vegetarians are 51% less likely to have Type 2 diabetes than non-vegetarians
    Short sleep reduces the appetite-suppressing hormone leptin, increases appetite-stimulating ghrelin
    Sleep apnea may double the risk of diabetes
    Spouses of people assigned to lifestyle intervention to lose weight lose 4.8 lbs in one year
    Statins are NOT effective, but instead can cause hardening of the arteries, heart failure, diabetes
    Statins increase risk of Type 2 diabetes 46% due to decreased insulin secretion and sensitivity
    Sugar causes obesity, type II diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease says Robert Lustig, MD
    Sugary drinks associated with Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease notes Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Surmontil (trimipramine) increases risk of diabetes 146%
    Symlin (pramlintide) (120 mcg three times per day) caused weight loss of 13.4 lbs in one year
    Symlin (pramlintide) (360 mcg twice a day) caused weight loss of 15.8 lbs in one year
    Symlin (pramlintide) + Meridia caused weight loss of 23.9 lbs in six months vs 4.6 lbs w/placebo
    Symlin (pramlintide) + phentermine caused weight loss of 23.9 lbs in six months vs 4.6 lbs w/placebo
    Symlin (pramlintide) at 120 mcg three times per day causes maximum weight loss
    Symlin (pramlintide) at 360 mcg twice a day caused more weight loss than lower doses
    Symlin (pramlintide) caused nausea in 9-29% of patients depending on dose
    Symlin (pramlintide) injections cause weight loss of 7.9 lbs in six months vs 4.6 lbs with placebo
    Table sugar (sucrose) is just as bad as high-fructose corn syrup says Robert Lustig, MD
    Ten percent of children with type 2 diabetes may experience life-threating complications
    The diseases of alcohol are the same as the diseases of sugar and obesity notes Robert Lustig MD
    The importance of omega-3 fatty acids: An interview with Dr. Artemis Simopoulos
    Too much testosterone can cause weight GAIN; one man gained 35 lbs according to one doctor
    Topamax causes 14 lbs weight loss in obese type 2 diabetics
    Topamax plus metformin helped diabetics lose 6.5% of their body weight
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.
    Type 2 Diabetes can be predicted 20 years ahead of time looking at insulin levels, Jonathan Wright
    Type 2 diabetes four times as common in obese elderly people as those who are underweight
    Type 2 diabetes in U.S. has increased from 5.2% in 1980 to 8% now
    Type 2 diabetes: Insulin causes an average weight gain of 3.7 lbs during the first six months
    Type 2 diabetics eating a 25% protein diet lost 21.3 lbs vs 14.5 lbs for 15% protein
    Type 2 diabetics given once-a-week Byetta injections lose 8.4 lbs in four months
    Type 2 Diabetics given Topamax lost 13.2 lbs vs 5.5 lbs for those given a placebo
    Type 2 diabetics lost 6.6% of body weight with Topamax
    Type 2 diabetics: 85% overweight or obese
    Type II Diabetes Isn’t A Disease By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Type II diabetes: Obesity duration increases risk
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 22: Weight loss lowers insulin, blood sugar and diabetes
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 5: Diabetes
    U.S. Obesity rates by state as well as hypertension, diabetes and physical inactivity
    U.S. obesity: 9 of 10 states with highest rates of type 2 diabetes and hypertension are in the South
    Vegans are 62% less likely to have Type 2 diabetes than non-vegetarians
    Waist best predictor of type II diabetes
    Waist measurement better than BMI for predicting the risk of disease
    Waist measurement is best for predicting diabetes risk in men
    Weight gain increases risk of type 2 diabetes, even for people who are thin
    Weight loss increases life expectancy of type 2 diabetics
    Weight loss of 1% for type 2 diabetics reduces health care costs by $256 per year
    Weight loss of 7-11 lbs reduces risk of type 2 diabetes by 40-60%
    Weight loss surgery lowers the risk of dying from diabetes by 92%
    What is the cost of type 2 diabetes related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?
    What is the prevalence of diabetes in people who are overweight or obese?
    When you add sugar to processed food, you kill it, and it's killing us says Robert Lustig MD
    When you put fat and carbohydrate together, they don't work notes Robert Lustig, MD
    While statin use increased 68% (1999-2005), heart attacks increased 16%, strokes 45%!
    White rice associated with 17% higher risk of diabetes, 5 servings per week vs less than 1 per month
    Women who are light to moderate drinkers are 20-58% less likely to get type 2 diabetes
    Women with diabetes lose nearly twice as much fat with high-protein diet
    Xenical (orlistat) increases weight loss by 2.6 percent in diabetics
    Xenical (orlistat) reduces the risk of diabetes by 37%, Metformin by 31%, Precose (acarbose) by 25%
    Xenical causes 4% weight loss in type 2 diabetics
    Xenical reduced development of type 2 diabetes after 3 years: 5% vs 11%
    Zoloft (sertraline) increases risk of diabetes 25%

    Diabetes drugs

    12 serious heart problems deleted from diabetes drug study of rosiglitazone (Avandia), Dr. Gotzsche
    Intensive glucose-lowering treatment INCREASED the risk of congestive heart failure by 47%
    Intensive glucose-lowering treatment resulted in 4% HIGHER risk of death according to meta-analysis
    Is metformin a life-extending drug? Metformin LOWERS risk of death in Type 2 diabetics vs controls
    Metformin plus a sulphonylurea increased the risk of death 96% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics
    Metformin reduced the risk of death by 36% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics

    Diagnosed Overweight by a Doctor

    29% of obese people in the US had never been told they were overweight by their physician
    74% of overweight people in the US had never been told they were overweight by their physician

    Dialysis

    Rubidium deficiency occurs in dialysis patients; may be the cause of their depression

    Diet drug use

    Continuous drug treatment necessary to maintain a drug-induced weight loss says review
    Diet drugs: Phentermine prescribed twice as often as Xenical and three times as often as Meridia
    Meridia (sibutramine) used by 49% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    One-third of prescription diet pill users not obese; one in ten get pills from family and friends
    Only 4% of Israeli doctors prescribe diet pills
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril) used by 60% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Phentermine (Adipex-P) used by 97% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Tenuate (diethylpropion) used by 64% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Topamax (topiramate) used by 50% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Two-thirds of Korean doctors prescribe diet drugs to patients that request them
    Unrealistic expectations for diet drugs says review
    Xenical (orlistat) used by 43% of weight loss doctors surveyed

    Diet Pills (General Info)

    Axokine only causes 3.4 lbs more weight loss than placebo after one year
    Comparing weight loss with surgery to diet and drugs
    Diet drug studies: Half of subjects dropout within two months
    Diet drugs cause weight losses of 8-17 pounds more than placebo after 9-12 months
    Diet drugs: When were diet drugs approved by the FDA?
    Diet pills and other treatments for obesity first written about in approximately 930 C.E.
    Eight times more prescriptions for diet pills written in England in 2008 than 1999
    Less popular weight loss strategies: commercial weight loss programs, liquid diets, diet pills
    Liquid diets, nonprescription diet pills, and popular diets showed no association with weight loss
    Long-term weight loss with diet and lifestyle versus drugs versus surgery
    Most popular weight loss strategies: eating less, exercising more, eating less fat, low-calorie food
    One patient given phentermine plus 5-HTP plus carbidopa lost 24% in 6 months
    Only 4% of Israeli doctors prescribe diet pills
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril) 35 mg three times per day vs phenmetrazine: 3.6 lbs vs 5 lbs in six weeks
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril) adverse effects: nervousness, insomnia, nausea, increased blood pressure
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril) in type II diabetics: Milk may prevent drug from working
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril) side effects: dry mouth, sleeplessness, excess stimulation
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril): 105 mg three times per day caused 1.7% loss after one-and-a-half months
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril): 35 mg three times per day caused 1.7% loss after one-and-a-half months
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril): 35 mg three times per day in type II diabetics: 2.7 lbs in three months
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril): 70 mg 3 times per day vs 2 times per day, 12 lbs, vs 7.6 lbs
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril): Techincal information: Half-life, blood concentration, metabolism
    Phendimetrazine: 70 mg three times per day causes 15% weight loss after three months
    Phentermine (Adipex-P) plus 5-HTP used by 20% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Phentermine caused an average weight loss of 33 lbs or 16% in 6 months
    Phentermine only approved for 3 months because, at the time, obesity thought to due to bad habits
    Prescription diet pills cause weight loss of 4-17 lbs more than placebo
    Sales of the Diet Drug Meridia (sibutramine) Halted in the U.S.
    Strattera (atomoxetine) causes women to lose 7.9 lbs in three months
    Two-thirds of Korean doctors prescribe diet drugs to patients that request them
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 29: Drug therapy for weight loss, when it is appropriate
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 30: Diet drugs for weight loss
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 105% more likely to take a prescription diet pill from a doc
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 52% less likely to eat diet foods than those who lost less
    US obese adults eating diet foods were only half as likely to lose 10% of their body weight
    Weight loss less than 11 lbs with diet and lifestyle, 11-22 lbs with drugs, and 55-165 lbs w/surgery

    Diet soda

    Americans consuming sugar-free products grew from 70 million in 1987 to 160 million in 2000
    Artificial sweeteners increase calorie intake
    Artificial sweeteners increase calories, weight, fat, decrease calorie compensation & thermogenesis
    Artificial sweeteners may disrupts the body's ability to accurate assess calorie intake
    Does NutraSweet (aspartame) help with weight loss and weight maintenance?
    Each can of diet soda per day increases risk of overweight by 41%
    Highest saccharin consumption associated with 3 lbs weight gain over four years
    Less popular weight loss strategies: commercial weight loss programs, liquid diets, diet pills
    Liquid diets, nonprescription diet pills, and popular diets showed no association with weight loss
    Most popular weight loss strategies: eating less, exercising more, eating less fat, low-calorie food
    One diet soda per day increases risk of leukemia 1.4-fold in men
    One diet soda per day increases risk of multiple myeloma 2-fold in men
    One diet soda per day increases risk of non-Hodgkin lymphomas 1.3-fold in men
    One-third of people who consume most diet soda are 34% more likely to have metabolic syndrome
    People ate 11% more fat while substituting artificial sweeteners for sugar
    People who consume 3 artificially sweetened beverages per day are twice as likely to be overweight
    Rats given saccharin ate more calories, gained more weight and gained more body fat
    Saccharin does not increase the risk of bladder cancer
    Sugar is more potent than artificial sweeteners at turning off brain's desire for sweetness
    Sugar-sweetened soda causes weight gain of 3.5 lbs vs weight loss of 2.2 lbs w/ artificial sweetener
    US adults who lost 10% body weight were 52% less likely to eat diet foods than those who lost less
    US obese adults eating diet foods were only half as likely to lose 10% of their body weight
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day were 30% more likely to die over 8.7 years
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day were 30% more likely to have cardiovascular event over 8.7 yrs
    Women consuming 2 diet drinks per day, 50% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease over 8.7 y

    Dietary Counseling

    Dietary counseling improves weight loss
    Women lose an average of 15.4 pounds with diet

    Diethylpropion (Tenuate)

    Most diet drugs similar to dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline
    Phentermine-Tenuate combined with No-Dinner Diet: An interview with Dr. Gary Albertson
    Phentermine: Drug interactions
    Tenuate (diethylpropion) causes 13-20 lbs more weight loss short-term, 3.3 lbs less long-term
    Tenuate (diethylpropion) causes average weight loss of 7.3 lbs after six months
    Tenuate (diethylpropion) plus diet causes 17-25 lbs weight loss after six months
    Tenuate (diethylpropion) used by 64% of weight loss doctors surveyed
    Tenuate (diethylpropion): 11 lbs weight loss in two months
    Tenuate (diethylpropion): 15 lbs weight loss in three months
    Tenuate (diethylpropion): 18 lbs weight loss in four months
    Tenuate (diethylpropion): An overview of this diet drug
    Tenuate (diethylpropion): Similar weight loss, but greater compliance during six week study
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 30: Diet drugs for weight loss
    Wellbutrin (bupropion) nearly identical in structure to Tenuate (diethylpropion)

    Dieting (General)

    32% of overweight US men pursued diet and exercise to lose weight vs 60% who pursued just one
    39% of overweight US women pursued diet and exercise to lose weight vs 74% who pursued just one
    41% of people who were told they were overweight by their doctor dieted & exercised vs 30% not told
    98% of people who have lost 30 lbs and kept it off for a year modified their food intake
    Advice to eat diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol are not based on science, Joel Kauffman PhD
    Average weight loss 22 lbs in 4-month studies in diet studies; 13-18 lbs maintained after one year
    Diabetics assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention lost an average of 8.6% of body weight
    Diet as effective as diet plus exercise for women?
    Diet plus exercise causes 20% greater weight loss than diet alone
    Diet-induced weight loss reduces inflammation associated with an chronic diseases and death
    Dieting among Middle School Girls does not lead to weight gain
    High-fat or low-fat diet of 1400 calorie per day causes 22 lbs weight loss in four months
    Low-calorie diets cause average weight loss of 8% in six months
    Obese people lose only half as much weight as expected on low calorie diet
    Resting metabolism falls by 11 calories per day for every 2.2 lbs lost from surgery
    Resting metabolism falls by 15 calories per day for every 2.2 lbs lost for a low-calorie diet
    Resting metabolism falls by 25 calories per day for every 2.2 lbs lost from liposuction
    Sustained intervention usually necessary to maintain good dietary habits
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 23: Dieting
    Weight loss less than 11 lbs with diet and lifestyle, 11-22 lbs with drugs, and 55-165 lbs w/surgery
    Weight Watchers caused greater weight loss than self-help program after one year, 9.5 lbs vs 2.9 lbs
    Women assigned to a control group lost an average of 1.5 lbs (0.8%) after one-year
    Women assigned to diet-only lost an average of 15.6 lbs (8.5%) after one-year
    Women assigned to diet-plus-exercise lost an average of 19.6 lbs (10.8%) after one-year
    Women assigned to exercise-only lost an average of 4.4 lbs (2.4%) after one-year
    Women limiting calories to 650 per day, two days a week lost an average of 14.1 lbs in 6 months
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised 22-28 min/day lost an average of 23.1 lbs (12.7%)
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised 28 min/day or more lost an average of 23.1 lbs (12.9%)
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised less than 22 min/day lost an average of 17.6 lbs (9.6%)
    Women who lost at least 10% of their body weight ate 1365 calories and exercised 48 minutes per day

    Dieting, Intermittent

    Women limiting calories to 650 per day, two days a week lost an average of 14.1 lbs in 6 months

    Dinitrophenol

    Dinitrophenol thermogenic drug used for weight loss until withdrawn because of side effects

    Disability

    Disability increases with obesity
    Large waist increases risk of disability 2- to 4-fold

    Discrimination against obesity

    Discrimination against obesity: College students prefer to marry a drug user to an obese person
    Discrimination against obesity: Doctors exhibit prejudice against obesity
    Discrimination against obesity: Employers rate obese less desirable
    Discrimination against obesity: Men discriminate sexually against obese women
    Discrimination against obesity: Nearly half of employers admit prejudice against obese when hiring
    Discrimination against obesity: Obese earn less
    Discrimination against obesity: Obese job applicants were rated more poorly
    Discrimination against obesity: Obese job applicants were rated more poorly, second study
    Discrimination against obesity: Obese women earn less
    Discrimination against obesity: Prejudice against obese children
    Discrimination against obesity: Prejudice against obesity starts in children
    Discrimination against obesity: Prestigious colleges less likely to accept obese
    Obese men only half as likely to get a college education
    Obese who are condemn for their obesity are more likely to be depressed
    Patients prefer the word "weight" to "fatness"
    Prejudice against obesity: More than a recent phenomenon
    Weight discrimination has increased in the US from 7% in 1995-96 to 12% in 2004-06

    Diuretics

    Women taking a diuretic + calcium channel blocker 136% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic plus a beta blocker were 21% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic pus an ACE Inhibitor were 12% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease
    Women taking a diuretic were 9% MORE likely to die of cardiovascular disease than with no drugs

    Diverticulitis

    Obesity increases risk of diverticulitis in men 1.8-fold and diverticular bleeding 3.2-fold

    Doctor - Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD

    Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD tells of 56-year-old woman with schizophrenia successfully treated with niacin
    Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD tells stories of people recovering from schizophrenia with niacin
    Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD: 90% recovery from schizophrenia with proper treatment vs 0% with drugs alone
    Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD: Doctors get NO training about nutritional treatments in medical school
    Doctors are more interested in the method than the results says Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Doctors tell schizophrenics they will never get well, Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Father cures son of schizophrenia with niacin in 1960, Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Janet Downing cures her son with schizophrenia for 10 years with niacin, Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Niacin may increase lifespan, Abram Hoffer, MD and Linus Pauling, PhD live to 92 and 93

    Doctor - Boyd Haley, PhD

    Are vaccines causing 19,000 excess infant deaths in the USA each year? Boyd Haley, PhD
    As vaccines increased, autism increased, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Deaths from measles had declined 99.4% BEFORE measles vaccine was introduced, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Deaths from the flu have not decreased despite 2.5-fold increase in flu vaccines, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Flu deaths increased 6-fold in children under 5 after flu vaccine mandated, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Flu vaccine does not save lives, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Measles outbreaks in vaccinated populations, Boyd Haley, PhD
    Polio increased 2-4-fold in 5 areas where polio vaccine was made compulsory by law, Boyd Haley, PhD
    The polio vaccine was not responsible for the decrease in deaths from polio, Boyd Haley, PhD
    US mandates most vaccines in the world and has highest autism rate in the world, Boyd Haley, PhD

    Doctor - Dr. Kailash Chand

    'Conflict of interest ... is a cancer eating at the core of medical research,' says Dr Kailash Chand

    Doctor - H. Gilbert Welch, MD (author of Overdiagnosed and Less Medicine, More Health)

    Colon cancer screening (fecal occult blood screening) does NOT reduce death rate over 30 years
    There is only one (1) medical screening test that has been shown to reduce overall death

    Doctor - Irving Kirsch, PhD

    Antidepressants benefits due to the placebo effect mostly, if not entirely, says Harvard researcher
    Antidepressants increase the risk of relapse into depression says Harvard researcher
    Antidepressants' benefit is clinically meaningless compared to a placebo says Harvard researcher
    For mild to moderate depression, antidepressants are no better than a placebo, Irving Kirsch, PhD
    Half of antidepressant studies show NO difference between drug and placebo, Irving Kirsch, PhD
    Statin benefits have been 'grossly exaggerated' says Dr. Kailash Chand of the British Medical Assoc.
    Study claiming negative news stories about statins caused deaths is very misleading says Dr. Chand
    You can get the same benefit without drugs if you are mildly or moderately depressed, Irving Kirsch

    Doctor - Jason Fung, MD

    Does fasting cause low blood sugar? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting cause muscle loss? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting provoke overeating? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting reduce metabolism? No, notes Jason Fung, MD

    Doctor - Joel Kauffman, PhD (author of Malignant Medical Myths)

    Adding fluoride to our drinking water was a way of disposing of fluoridated waste, Joel Kauffman PhD
    Advice to eat diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol are not based on science, Joel Kauffman PhD
    Annual mammography does NOT lower the total risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Cancer treatments are poor; 5-year survival rates manipulated, used to mislead, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Daily aspirin does not reduce mortality in men, and increases mortality in women, Joel Kaufmann, PhD
    EDTA chelation retards or reverses atherosclerosis notes Joel Kaufmann, PhD
    Extreme exercise can cause heart failure and other injuries notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels are dangerous, high ones usually are not, Joel Kauffman, PhD
    No proof that red wine reduces the risk of death notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Statins INCREASE the risk of dying by 1% over 10 years
    The FDA's Flawed System of How Antidepressants Get Approved; Negative Trials Ignored
    Typical background radiation is not only harmless, but actually beneficial notes Joel Kauffman, PhD

    Doctor - John Abramson, MD (author of Overdosed America)

    Drug researchers often do NOT have access to their own data in drug-company-sponsored studies
    Purpose of drug company sponsored studies is to maximize profits, NOT health

    Doctor - Jonathan Wright, MD (pioneer in natural medicine)

    99% of the time indigestion, heartburn, bloating & gas is from LOW stomach acid, Jonathan Wright, MD
    About 5% of people with low stomach acid need stomach reconditioning, Jonathan Wright, MD
    About one-third of people have normal blood sugar, but produce too much insulin, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Antacids and acid-blocking drugs cause malnutrition notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bio-identical hormones should NEVER be swallowed, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bio-identical progesterone given orally reduces anxiety, improves sleep and PMS, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bio-identical progesterone should ALWAYS be given with estrogen, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormone replacement does much more good than harm notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormone replacement dramatically reduces the risk of Alzheimer's, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormones (and all other hormones) should NOT be taken orally, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Bioidentical hormones (and all other hormones) should NOT be taken sublingually, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Cobalt is necessary for the proper retention of estrogen, testosterone, cortisol, Jonathan Wright MD
    DHEA should NOT be taken orally; it gets converted into estrogen in the liver, Jonathan Wright, MD
    DHEA, thyroid, melatonin & growth hormone should be considered for hormone replacement, Dr. Wright
    Doses of bio-identical hormones; 50-100 mg progesterone, 1.5 to 3 mg estrogens, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Elevated Reverse T3 correlates BEST with hypothyroidism, NOT elevated TSH, & can be cause by mercury
    Giving women bio-identical progesterone along with estrogen is VERY important, Jonathan Wright, MD
    How to find a doctor who understands proper use of bioidentical hormones, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Iodine is VERY important for the body to convert pro-cancerous estone to the anti-cancerous estriol
    Iodine will eliminate fibrocystic breast disease 100% of the time, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Jonathan Wright, MD teaches a 3-day course on Bioidentical Hormone Replacement for doctors
    Jonathan Wright, MD tells how two patients 40 years ago opened his eyes to natural treatments
    Jonathan Wright, MD's book on bioidentical hormone replacement is the BEST notes Dr. Mercola
    Many people in 40's and above get indigestion from LOW stomach acid notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    NONE of his patients who were taking acid-blocking drugs had ever been tested, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Not only do estrogen & testosterone drop, but DHEA, thyroid, & other hormones drop also, Dr. Wright
    People with low stomach acid often feel tired due to malnutrition, Jonathan Wright, MD
    People with low stomach acid or taking acid-blocking drugs are malnourished, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Provera is NOT progesterone, and does NOT belong in the body notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Stomach acid measured by gastric analysis by radio telemetry notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    The Chinese used bioidentical hormone replacement a thousand years ago notes Jonathan Wright, MD
    Type 2 Diabetes can be predicted 20 years ahead of time looking at insulin levels, Jonathan Wright
    Women (and men) using bioidentical hormone replacement do better in every way, Jonathan Wright, MD
    Women given bio-identical hormones say, 'I feel like myself again', Jonathan Wright, MD

    Doctor - Kimber Stanhope, PhD

    3 fruits to eat: strawberries, peaches, cantaloupe; 3 to avoid: bananas, apples, mangos; Stanhope
    Americans are consuming an average of 477 calories per day from added sugar, Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Fructose causes same amount of weight gain and fat gain as glucose notes Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Fructose increases belly fat, whereas glucose increases subcutaneous fat notes Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Fructose increases fat in the blood following a meal which causes problems notes Kimber Stanhope PhD
    Sugary drinks associated with Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease notes Kimber Stanhope, PhD

    Doctor - Malcolm Kendrick, MD author of "The Great Cholesterol Con"

    ‘Armed and Dangerous’ – Wake up Call by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies buy i
    “Cholesterol-Lowering” Has Ripped Its Guts Out But Will Not Sink by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    5-fold increased risk of dying from CHD when cholesterol levels fall 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) Dr Kendrick
    A Small Ray Of Sunshine? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies sponsor medical societies)
    ALLHAT study found NO benefit to taking statins notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Another Stupid Commercially Overhyped Trial – Before Prescribing Look Again By Dr. Malcolm Ken
    Attacks on Atkins Diet are not scientific; it threatens the mainstream by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Cholesterol levels and saturated fat are NOT correlated with coronary heart disease, Dr. Kendrick
    Cholesterol levels from various countries do NOT correlate with Heart Disease, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Gosh, Really, You Don’t Say By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Medical journals and drug companies)
    He Who Pays The Piper Calls The Tune by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    High Blood Pressure: It’s A Symptom, Not A Disease, Stupid! By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    How Risky Is A Risk? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    More Grist To The Mill By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Stress causes heart disease and diabetes)
    Older people with high LDL levels live as long or longer as those with low LDL in 16 of 19 studies
    Reflections On Scientific Dogma by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins are destroying the lives of countless people around the world, Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    Statins do NOT increase life expectancy by even one day in the general population, Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins For Children - This Is Madness by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick, author of The Great Cholesterol Con
    Statins increase life expectancy by only 2 weeks in those with a heart attack, Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Statins increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 25-30% notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Temporarily Able By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (The definition of health)
    Thank God He Didn’t Die Of Heart Disease Doctor Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    The Constant Gardener, By Malcolm Kendrick, MD - Unethical practices of the drug industry
    The Death of the Reference By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Why The Scientific Machine Is Close To Meltdown)
    The idea that HDL can remove cholesterol from a plaque is ridiculous by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    The New Hypertension Guidelines [as of 2003] By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Those who have LOW cholesterol levels are likely to die YOUNGER notes Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Time For A Conspiracy Theory Or Two by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies & importation of drugs)
    Too Little, Too Late By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Bogus research lives in medical databases forever)
    Treating High Blood Pressure: What Can You Believe? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    Type II Diabetes Isn’t A Disease By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick
    What Tangled Webs We Weave By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (All research seems to be biased)
    Why The Atkins Diet Is Healthy By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick

    Doctor - Marcia Angell, MD

    I no longer believe drug studies or drug researchers paid by drug companies

    Doctor - Mary Enig, PhD

    'The idea that saturated fats cause heart disease is completely wrong' says biochemist Mary Enig
    Lipid hypothesis of heart disease promoted even though studies did NOT support it, Mary Enig, PhD
    The American Heart Association convinced to remove information about trans fats notes Mary Enig, PhD
    The increase in trans fats paralleled the increase in cancer and heart disease notes Mary Enig, PhD
    What helped increase heart attack deaths from 3,000 in 1910 to 500,000 in 1960? Hydrogenated oil.

    Doctor - Michel de Lorgeril, MD

    'This review strongly suggests that statins are not effective' says two cardiologists
    Crestor (rosuvastatin) is NOT effective at preventing heart attack or death says two cardiologists
    Intense cholesterol-lowering with statins is not better than less-intense says two cardiologists
    It is worrisome that it took 30 years to realize statins increase diabetes says two cardiologists
    No statin is more effective than any other says two cardiologists; (all are equally ineffective!)
    Present claims about safety and efficacy of statins are not evidence-based says two cardiologists
    Statins appear ineffective in chronic heart failure and chronic kidney failure says two cardiologist
    Statins do not appear to protect diabetics says two cardiologists
    The Queen's former doctor says 'We are very worried', demands statins inquiry

    Doctor - Peter Gøtzsche, MD

    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    'Virtually all trials of psychotropic agents are flawed' says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    1% of US children up to only four years of age are on psychotropic drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    12 serious heart problems deleted from diabetes drug study of rosiglitazone (Avandia), Dr. Gotzsche
    2 out of 20 healthy volunteers given sertraline (Zoloft) became suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    3 False Epidemics: ADHD, Autism and Childhood Bipolar Disorder, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    8 children on the SSRI antidepressant paroxetine (Paxil) had suicidal thoughts, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Addiction to antidepressants, Peter Gøtzsche, MD
    ADHD drugs may cause brain damage notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    All Psychiatric Diagnoses and Interventions Can Cause Harm, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants are dangerous, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants are not effective says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants cause 15 times more suicides than the FDA claims says Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants don't work for depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants increase risk of suicide, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotic drugs used for schizophrenia are not very effective notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotics are extremely dangerous drugs, Zyprexa has killed 200,000 people, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotics, antidepressants and benzodiazepines kill more than 500,000 people per year
    Benzodiazepines and similar drugs double the death rate says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Benzodiazepines as sleeping pills, do more harm than good, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Breast cancer screening does not save lives, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine are advertisements, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug-induced side effects: Deadly Medicines & Organised Crime by Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    DSM-IV created three false epidemics: ADHD, autism and childhood bipolar disorder, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Fluoxetine (Prozac), a terrible drug, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    If you ask me, no one should take antidepressants, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    It Should Be Forbidden To Make a Second Diagnosis While Someone Is On Drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Likely to have been 15 times more suicides on antidepressant than reported by FDA, Peter Gotzsche MD
    Mammograms do not reduce breast cancer deaths
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Are Wrongly Diagnosed With Schizophrenia, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck hid 3 heart attacks in VIGOR trial of Vioxx, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck lied about heart attacks with its anti-inflammatory drug, Vioxx (rofecoxib), Peter Gotzsche MD
    More breast cancer screening does NOT lead to fewer breast cancer deaths
    Newer antidepressants cause 50% more deaths in older people (10.6% per year vs 7%) Peter Gotzsche MD
    One-Fourth of Healthy People [Wrongly] Got A Psychiatric Diagnosis, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Prescription drugs are 3rd leading cause of death in US, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug studies exaggerate benefits of these drugs by study design says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs can CAUSE psychiatric diseases, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs has INCREASED the number of people on disability, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill 500,000 people each year in the US and EU, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill more than 500,000 people 65 and older each year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs, drug industry cheated in drug trials, withholding suicides, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry Has Spiraled Out of Control, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry is the drug industry's paradise, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatry's lies, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Risk of suicide caused by SSRI's grossly underestimated, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Screening for Depression is Harmful, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Stopping an antidepressant can make people feel depressed or suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Survey found 60% felt emotional numb on antidepressants says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    We cannot trust the medical literature. It is flawed, some of it is fraudulent, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Doctor - Robert Lustig, MD

    'Food can be just like a drug to certain people' notes Elissa Epel
    'I am suspicious of any food that says it is low-fat' because they add lots of sugar, Elissa Epel
    'We have created a toxic [food] environment,' that damages mitochondria and makes you sick, Lustig
    40% of normal-weight people have an abnormal cellular metabolism, will shorten their life, Lustig
    60% of Americans suffer from metabolic diseases like hypertension & type 2 diabetes Robert Lustig MD
    80% of obese people have an abnormal cellular metabolism, will shorten their life, Robert Lustig, MD
    A calorie is not a calorie says Robert Lustig, MD (fructose is the problem)
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Developing compulsive eating and food addiction reflects changes in the brain notes Elissa Epel
    Diseases associated with obesity: heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver, etc
    Epidemic of obese 6-month-olds because of what their mothers ate when they were pregnant, Dr. Lustig
    Excess insulin blocks leptin in the brain, stores more fat and leads to weight gain, Lustig, MD
    Excess insulin due to excess fructose is the cause of obesity in 90% of people, Robert Lustig, MD
    Focusing on eating less and exercising more has set up back says Robert Lustig, MD
    Fructose causes obesity by causing leptin resistance says Robert Lustig, MD
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose is the cause of the obesity epidemic according to Professor Robert Lustig
    Fructose, which is very sweet, is the thing in sugar we crave notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Global calorie intake increased 8% from 1985 to 2010, diabetes increased 7.3-fold, Robert Lustig MD
    Glucose and fructose are very different, only the liver can metabolize fructose, Robert Lustig, MD
    If a food contains more than 5 ingredients, there is probably not much real food in it, Elissa Epel
    If obesity is due to gluttons and sloths, how do you explain obese 6-month-olds? Robert Lustig, MD
    In 1977 the US set a goal of reducing fat consumption from 40% to 30% of calories
    Insulin causes satiety in the short-term, but hunger in the long-term says Robert Lustig, MD
    Insulin resistance causes leptin resistance which causes people to overeat says Robert Lustig, MD
    It is almost impossible to buy packaged foods without getting a lot of extra sugar, Elissa Epel
    It Is Doubtful Whether Antidepressants Are Effective For Depression, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Many People Suffer Disabling Symptoms For Years Following Antidepressant Withdrawal, Peter Gotzsche
    Metabolic diseases account for 75% of global health care costs notes Robert Lustig MD
    Metabolic diseases are a bigger threat to the developing world than infections, Robert Lustig MD
    More insulin means more fat says Robert Lustig, MD
    Nearly all packaged foods contain extra sugar which is toxic to your metabolism says Elissa Epel
    No one chooses obesity; obesity chooses them notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity affects economic balance notes Elissa Epel
    Obesity affects everyone due to lost productivity, absenteeism & health care notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity affects national security notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is a problem of fat regulation says Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is a problem of fat regulation says Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is the result of biochemical forces which cannot be controlled notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is the result of biochemical forces which cannot be controlled notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Other things besides carbohydrates can increase insulin says Robert Lustig, MD
    Overexposure to food like McDonald's can blunt reward systems in the brain notes Elissa Epel
    Prescriptions for antidepressants written in 3 minutes or less, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drug use could be reduced by 98 percent, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatrists Think Psychiatric Drugs Are Effective, Patients Do NOT, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Reducing stress and reducing cortisol, reduced belly fat notes Elissa Epel
    Robert Lustig, MD gives an example of how excess insulin makes you tired, hungry and fat
    Sleep patterns, stress, how we feed our animals, and nutrients in our soil affect obesity
    SSRI's Kill One Of 28 People Above 65 Years Of Age Treated For One Year, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Stress causes the same signals as famine and makes us crave dense calories notes Elissa Epel
    Stress is one of the most reliable predictors of early-onset obesity and early death, Elissa Epel
    Stress makes us crave high-fat, high-sweet, high-salt foods notes Elissa Epel
    Sugar consumption leads to tolerance & addiction in the brain just like nicotine and heroin, Lustig
    Sugar down-regulates receptors in the reward center in the brain, Robert Lustig, MD
    Sugar: The Bitter Truth -- lecture by Professor Robert Lustig
    Telling people to eat less and exercise more does not work notes Robert Lustig, MD
    The degree of insulin resistance predicts how much people will eat says Robert Lustig, MD
    The diseases of alcohol are the same as the diseases of sugar and obesity notes Robert Lustig MD
    The numerous factors causing obesity: food, HCFS, estrogens, antibiotics, intrauterine environment
    There are over 24,000 new food items that enter the marketplace every year notes Barbara Laraia
    There are two insulin disorders: insulin resistance and insulin hypersecretion says Robert Lustig MD
    There is a Huge Epidemic of drug overuse with SSRI's, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    We have to look at societal and environmental forces that are shaping obesity, Elissa Epel
    Weight loss tip #1 from Dr. Lustig: Get rid of every sugared beverage in the house
    Weight loss tip #2 from Dr. Lustig: Eat solid foods with 3 grams of dietary fiber or more
    Weight loss tip #3 from Dr. Lustig: Wait 20 minutes before eating second portions
    Weight loss tip #4 from Dr. Lustig: Do an the same amount of exercise as TV watching
    When something like sugar which is toxic and abused, we need public policy notes Robert Lustig, MD
    When you add sugar to processed food, you kill it, and it's killing us says Robert Lustig MD
    When you put fat and carbohydrate together, they don't work notes Robert Lustig, MD

    Doctor - Suzanne Humphries, MD

    Do they think that we're too stupid to notice that vaccines are killing people asks Dr. Humphries
    History shows that the people who were vaccinated were among the sickest says Suzanne Humphries, MD
    If vaccines are so wonderful, why have they always been forced on people asks Suzanne Humphries, MD
    Never has there ever been, or will there ever be, a safe vaccine says Suzanne Humphries, MD

    Doctor - Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD

    'The idea that saturated fats cause heart disease is completely wrong' says biochemist Mary Enig
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: “The most exact data base”—the screenee
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Dr. Ornish and The Lifestyle Heart trial
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Epilogue
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Insider Insight
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 10: All Scientists Support the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 7: The Statins — Gift to Mankind (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 8: Polyunsaturated Oils are Good for You
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: Myth 9: The Cholesterol Campaign is Based on Good Science
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD: References
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Cholesterol lowering in children
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Introduction: The Diet-Heart Idea: A Die-Hard Hypothesis
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 1: High-Fat Foods Cause Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 2: High Cholesterol Causes Heart Disease
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 3: High-Fat Foods Raise Blood Cholesterol
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 4: High Cholesterol Blocks Arteries
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Myth 5: Animal Studies Prove the Diet-Heart Idea
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD, PhD: Triglycerides
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Familial hypercholesterolemia--not as risky as you may think
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 1)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov MD: Myth 6: Lowering Cholesterol Will Lengthen Your Life (Part 2)
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Author's Foreword
    Cholesterol Myths by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD: Forward to Book by Michael Gurr, PhD
    Cholesterol-lowering May Shorten Your Life by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has little to do with your blood cholesterol by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Diet has never been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease or death noted Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Diet is NOT an effective way to prevent coronary heart disease said George Mann, ScD, MD
    HIGHER cholesterol as associated with LONGER life, fewer infections and cancer, Uffe Ravnskov MD PhD
    LDL cholesterol binds to and inactivates bacteria and viruses, Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Low cholesterol levels INCREASE the risk of cancer notes Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD
    Lowering cholesterol by diet or drugs has not been shown to extend lifespan, Edward R. Pinckney, MD
    Older people with high LDL levels live as long or longer as those with low LDL in 16 of 19 studies
    Warning against cholesterol-lowering in the general population, Michael F. Oliver, MD
    Your cholesterol tells very little about your future health by Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD

    Doctor - William Wilson, MD

    The Food Brain Connection By William Wilson, MD

    Doctor trends

    Doctors giving less weight loss advice to obese patients especially if poor and less educated

    Don't fall for this

    Fastin goes over-the-counter... but it's not phentermine anymore. Don't fall for this.

    Dopamine agonists

    Dopamine agonists caused weight loss of 4-11 lbs in heavy men with prolactinoma
    Dopamine agonists such as Mirapex (pramipexole) can cause compulsive eating and weight gain
    Person gains 50 lbs taking dopamine agonist drugs Mirapex (pramipexole) and Requip (ropinirole)

    Drug company lies

    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    'Medical science has taken a turn towards darkness' notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    'More medicine is better' culture lies at the heart of healthcare according to Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    'Much of the scientific literature... may simply be untrue' says Lancet's Editor-in-Chief
    12 serious heart problems deleted from diabetes drug study of rosiglitazone (Avandia), Dr. Gotzsche
    1318 drug-induced adverse events were not reported in published study of weight loss drug orlistat
    2 out of 20 healthy volunteers given sertraline (Zoloft) became suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    6 of 12 of Britain's experts lowering cholesterol threshold tied to drug companies says Dr. Malhotra
    8 children on the SSRI antidepressant paroxetine (Paxil) had suicidal thoughts, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    ADHD drugs may cause brain damage notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants cause 15 times more suicides than the FDA claims says Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antidepressants increase risk of suicide, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Antipsychotic drugs used for schizophrenia are not very effective notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Behaviour of the pharmaceutical industry fulfills the criteria for 'organized crime', Peter Gotzsche
    Benefits of statins have been grossly exaggerated and side effects underplayed, Dr Aseem Malhotra
    Benzodiazepines and similar drugs double the death rate says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug adverse events were under-reported 3- to 33-fold in studies of weight loss drug orlistat
    Drug researchers often do NOT have access to their own data in drug-company-sponsored studies
    Drug studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine are advertisements, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    FDA says prescription drugs adverse events have tripled in US in the past decade, Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Full trial data on statins has never been published according to Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Getting rid of all antidepressants would improve health, lengthen life says Prof. Peter Gotzsche MD
    Giving people too many drugs is leading to countless deaths according to Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    GlaxoSmithKline fined $3 billion in 2012 for 3 drugs, but made $25 billion from these drugs
    I no longer believe drug studies or drug researchers paid by drug companies
    Many elderly patients given multiple drugs will fall, suffer hip fracture and die, Dr Aseem Malhotra
    Many patients have become dependent on antidepressants & psychiatric drugs, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck hid 3 heart attacks in VIGOR trial of Vioxx, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Merck lied about heart attacks with its anti-inflammatory drug, Vioxx (rofecoxib), Peter Gotzsche MD
    Most medical research is likely to be false notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Multiple episodes of drug adverse events were only counted once & NOT reported in published studies
    My first thought is could this be a medication side effect? notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Newer antidepressants cause 50% more deaths in older people (10.6% per year vs 7%) Peter Gotzsche MD
    One in three hospitalizations in those over 75 due to drug adverse effects notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    One-third of all healthcare in the US brings no benefit to patients notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Patients are often given useless and sometimes harmful drugs according to Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Patients given orlistat had twice as many days with adverse events, but this was not reported
    Prescription drugs are the third most common cause of death according to Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Prescriptions have doubled in the UK in the past 10 years to 1 billion notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Psychiatric drug studies exaggerate benefits of these drugs by study design says Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill 500,000 people each year in the US and EU, Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs kill half a million people per year in US and EU, Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Psychiatric drugs, drug industry cheated in drug trials, withholding suicides, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Purpose of drug company sponsored studies is to maximize profits, NOT health
    Stopping an antidepressant can make people feel depressed or suicidal, Peter Gotzsche, MD
    There is an epidemic of misinformed doctors and misinformed patients notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    Too much medicine is doing more harm than good and costing hundreds of thousands of lives worldwide
    UK's health regulators NICE and MHRA are part of the problem notes Dr. Aseem Malhotra
    We cannot trust the medical literature. It is flawed, some of it is fraudulent, Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Drug Company Money

    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Drug researchers often do NOT have access to their own data in drug-company-sponsored studies
    Harvard doctor behind explosion in antipsychotic drug use in children paid $1.6M by drug makers
    Harvard's Joseph Biederman, MD who promoted antipsychotic drugs for children, failed to report $1.4M
    I no longer believe drug studies or drug researchers paid by drug companies
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Purpose of drug company sponsored studies is to maximize profits, NOT health
    Study abstract claimed antipsychotic Risperdal worked better than placebo, but this was NOT true

    Drug Company Salesman

    ‘Armed and Dangerous’ – Wake up Call by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies buy i
    Drug company salesman had Xanax withdrawal symptoms for 6 months
    Drug company salesman notes that all psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal symptoms
    Drug company salesman notes to NEVER stop a psychiatric drugs on your own
    Drug company salesman suggests having alternative doctor to help withdraw from psychiatric drugs
    Drug company salesman tells how minimization of side effects lead to injuries and death
    Drug company salesman tells how psychiatric drugs caused many of the problems they saw
    Drug company salesman tells how the U.S. FDA is in bed with the drug companies
    Drug company salesman tells how they blamed Scientology if someone was against psychiatric drugs
    Drug company salesman tells how they minimized the appearance of side effects
    Drug company salesman tells how they profiled doctors in order to maximize their influence
    I no longer believe drug studies or drug researchers paid by drug companies
    The sale of psychiatric drugs is marketing, not science, says former drug sales rep

    Drug Company Tactics

    ‘Armed and Dangerous’ – Wake up Call by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies buy i
    'Drug companies don’t sell drugs, they sell lies about drugs' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    A Small Ray Of Sunshine? By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies sponsor medical societies)
    Diabetes drug Avandia increases heart attacks 43%; Glaxo stole manuscript says Dr. Steve Nissen
    Drug company salesman tells how minimization of side effects lead to injuries and death
    Drug company salesman tells how psychiatric drugs caused many of the problems they saw
    Drug company salesman tells how the U.S. FDA is in bed with the drug companies
    Drug company salesman tells how they blamed Scientology if someone was against psychiatric drugs
    Drug company salesman tells how they minimized the appearance of side effects
    Drug company salesman tells how they profiled doctors in order to maximize their influence
    Drug researchers often do NOT have access to their own data in drug-company-sponsored studies
    Gosh, Really, You Don’t Say By Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Medical journals and drug companies)
    He Who Pays The Piper Calls The Tune by Malcolm Kendrick, MD
    I no longer believe drug studies or drug researchers paid by drug companies
    Psychiatric drugs create 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Psychiatric drugs do 'more harm than good' notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD
    Purpose of drug company sponsored studies is to maximize profits, NOT health
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD on How Drug Companies Have Changed
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD: Drugs are not the answer to hypertension
    The Constant Gardener, By Malcolm Kendrick, MD - Unethical practices of the drug industry
    The sale of psychiatric drugs is marketing, not science, says former drug sales rep
    Time For A Conspiracy Theory Or Two by Dr. Malcolm Kendrick (Drug companies & importation of drugs)

    Drug-induced Side Effects

    Drug-induced side effects: Deadly Medicines & Organised Crime by Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD

    Dry Skin

    Type 2 Hypothyroidism can cause dry skin notes Mark Starr, MD

    Duodenal Switch (weight loss surgery)

    Weight loss surgeries compared: Gastric banding vs gastric bypass vs biliopancreatic diversion
    Weight loss surgery: 66% excess lost with gastroplasty, 69% with bypass, 79% with duodenal switch
    Weight loss surgery: Duodenal switch better than vertical banded gastroplasty

    Eating time of day

    Late day eating does not predict weight gain
    Mice fed at the 'wrong' time gained twice as much weight even though they ate the same amount

    Economic Issues and Obesity

    Obesity affects economic balance notes Elissa Epel
    Obesity affects everyone due to lost productivity, absenteeism & health care notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity affects national security notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity rates in a given ZIP code drop by 2% for each additional $100,000 in median home price

    Education

    Adding lithium to Topmax increased weight loss in those with bipolar disorder by 3.7 lbs
    College education reduces risk of obesity 40% in men, 27% in women
    Obesity rates in the U.S. lower among those with more than high school education
    The more educated a person is, the less likely they are to remain obese
    U.S. obesity: 35% who did not graduate from high school are obese, but only 21% of college graduates

    Eggs

    Replacing 3% of calories from eggs with plant protein reduces risk of death by 19% over 26-32 years
    Two eggs for breakfast plus 1000 calorie diet increases weight loss by 2.3 lbs

    Elavil (amitriptyline)

    Elavil (amitriptyline) caused average weight gain of 5.3 lbs in six months
    Elavil (amitriptyline) increases risk of diabetes 43%
    People taking amitriptyline for depression were 1.7-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years

    Elderly

    Obesity among elderly does not increase the risk of death

    Elderly, risk of obesity

    Losing weight after the age of 50 doubles the risk of dying after the age of 65
    Obesity does not increase the risk of death in people over 70-years-old

    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin)

    Empatic (120 mg Zonegran SR plus 360 mg Wellbutrin SR) caused weight loss of 12.1% in 11 months
    Empatic (360 mg Zonegran SR plus 360 mg Wellbutrin SR) caused weight loss of 14% in 11 months
    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin) caused weight loss of 11-15% in 11 months
    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin) caused weight loss of 5-10% in 6 months
    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin) dropouts due to side effects varied from 9-21%

    Environmental chemicals

    Environmental chemicals may be making you fat

    Ephedrine/Ephedra

    Boosting metabolism: Ephedrine, caffeine and theophylline boosts metabolism 8% or 150 calories a day
    Diet drugs save money
    Ephedra: Is the FDA telling the truth?
    Ephedrine review by RAND: Adverse Effects, Less Serious
    Ephedrine review by RAND: Adverse Effects, Serious
    Ephedrine review by RAND: Athletic Performance
    Ephedrine review by RAND: Weight Loss
    Green Tea Extract for fat loss: An interview with researcher Dr. Abdul Dulloo
    Meridia vs ephedrine: A single dose of Meridia increases resting metabolism, ephedrine does not
    Most diet drugs similar to dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline
    Obese people burn less fat than lean people, may play a role in obesity
    Phentermine: Drug interactions
    Tea polyphenols increase thermogenesis
    Two-thirds of ephedra-related psychiatric reports occurred in patients with preexisting conditions
    Women given ephedra and caffeine lost 15.8 lbs vs 4.9 lbs for the control group

    Epigenetics

    52% less obesity in boys whose mothers lost substantial weight prior to pregnancy
    Caesarean delivery 1.3 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years
    Gestational diabetes 2.1 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years
    Gestational hypertension 1.8 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years
    Large-birth-weight 1.9 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years
    Pre-eclampsia 1.8 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years
    Stillbirth 1.6 times more common if mother gained 17 lbs in previous 2 years

    Erectile Dysfunction

    Either high or low BMI increases the risk for erectile dysfunction
    Metabolic Syndrome increases risk of erectile dysfunciton
    Statins increase erectile dysfunction 10-fold in young men

    Escitalopram (Lexapro)

    People taking amitriptyline for depression were 1.7-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years
    People taking escitalopram for depression were 2.3-times more likely to commit suicide over 5 years

    Estrogen replacement therapy

    20/20 claims there is no difference between bioidentical hormones and Premarin. This is wrong.
    Bioidentical hormone replacement and weight loss
    Estrogen replacement has no effect on weight
    Falling hormones reduce resting metabolism in women by 71 calories per day

    Evening Primrose Oil

    10 risk factors for depression as noted by Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    A woman with depression helped in 2 weeks with natural supplements, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil is a powerful antidepressant for some, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil should not be given to people with schizophrenia, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD

    Every Other Day Modified Fast

    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 11.4 lbs in 3 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 12.3 lbs in 2 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 5-6% in 2-3 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day reduced blood pressure from 124/78 to 117/72 mm Hg
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day: mild headache in 2 people, constipation in one

    Excalia

    Excalia causes weight loss of 9.2% after six months, 12% after eleven months

    Exercise

    1.5 year weight loss with 25-45 minutes of exercise per day was 1.3 to 5.5 lbs
    1932 obesity researcher noted that strenuous physical exercise SLOWS weight loss, Gary Taubes
    22% of U.S. adults report they do not exercise
    32% of overweight US men pursued diet and exercise to lose weight vs 60% who pursued just one
    39% of overweight US women pursued diet and exercise to lose weight vs 74% who pursued just one
    41% of people who were told they were overweight by their doctor dieted & exercised vs 30% not told
    44% of people who were told they were overweight by their doctor exercised vs 34% not told
    6 month weight loss with 25-45 minutes of exercise per day was 2.2 to 4.5 lbs
    90% of people who have lost 30 lbs and kept it off for a year exercise an average of 1 hour per day
    94% of people who have lost 30 lbs and kept it off for a year increased their physical activity
    Aerobic exercise reduces risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by 34%
    Aerobics vs lifestyle: 18 lbs weight loss in four months
    An additional hour of exercise reduce the risk of becoming obese by 6% according to Italian study
    Average weight loss 22 lbs in 4-month studies in diet studies; 13-18 lbs maintained after one year
    Becoming physically inactive when entering adulthood increases obesity 50 percent
    Better fat and fit?
    Black men who exercised one hour per day lost 18 lbs vs 8 lbs for those who did not exercise
    Black women who exercised one hour per day lost 13 lbs vs 10 lbs for those who did not exercise
    BMI does not affect risk of colon polyps, but exercise dramatically reduces the risk in men
    Boys risk of overweight is much less affected by television watching and exercise than girls
    Boys who did not walk 13,000 steps per day, girls 11,000, were twice as likely to be overweight
    Children who engage in 15 minutes of vigorous exercise are 81% less likely to be overweight
    Children who engage in 45 minutes of moderate exercise are 51% less likely to be overweight
    Children who spend more time outdoors 27-41% less likely to overweight
    Diet and exercise caused weight loss of 8.5% after six months, 4% after four years
    Diet as effective as diet plus exercise for women?
    Diet plus exercise better at lowering blood pressure, but diet alone causes more weight loss
    Diet plus exercise causes 20% greater weight loss than diet alone
    Diet plus multiple bouts on a treadmill daily caused weight loss of 16.3 lbs vs 8-13 lbs for walkers
    Diet-plus-exercise causes 2.5 lbs more weight loss than diet alone
    Energy expenditure has decreased by as much as 30% over the last 10 years
    Enrollment in high school daily physical education classes dropped from 42% in 1991 to 28.4% in 2003
    Exercise alone causes weight loss of only 2.5 lbs in 3 months
    Exercise among boys: Three hours of exercise per week reduces bodyfat by one-third
    Exercise can reduce smoking cessation weight gain
    Exercise does not contribute significantly to weight loss
    Exercise does not increase food intake
    Exercise duration more important than intensity for women who wanted to lose weight
    Exercise increases appetite notes Gary Taubes
    Exercise intensity affects fat loss
    Exercise lowers body fat in female twins
    Exercise monitor increases weight loss
    Exercise necessary for the loss of belly fat in diabetic women
    Exercise of 150-250 minutes per week will prevent weight gain greater than 3% in most adults
    Exercise of 30-45 minutes per day may help to maintain weight loss, and 'more is better'
    Exercise of 30-60 minutes per day promotes weight loss of roughly 11-17 lbs
    Exercise of less than 150 minutes per week promotes little weight loss
    Exercise of more than 150 minutes per week promotes weight loss of roughly 4-7 lbs
    Exercise without diet causes a small amount of weight loss in men, but not women
    Exercise: 60-90 minutes to prevent weight regain
    Exercise: Effects on weight are modest
    Exercise: High intensity provides more benefits in women
    Exercise: Middle-aged women don't lose weight from moderate exercise alone
    Exercising 5-6 hours per week caused weight loss of 3 lbs in women, 4 lbs in men
    Exercising multiple times per day better at reducing the effects of a high-fat diet
    Extreme exercise can cause heart failure and other injuries notes Joel Kauffman, PhD
    Fitness as important as fatness for reducing the risk of death in men
    Fraternal twins that engage in leisure time activity weigh 9.7 lbs less than twins that don't
    Gaining 5 lbs of muscle only burns an extra 24 calories per day notes Gary Taubes
    Getting children to exercise 25 minutes per day lowers body weight by an average of 5.9 lbs
    Girls who watch a lot of TV and get little physical activity 3 times more likely to be overweight
    Girls who watch little TV and get moderate physical activity are 40% less likely to be overweight
    High levels of leisure-time physical activity associated with lower risk of 13 cancers
    High-intensity exercise increases fat intake
    How to Lose Weight with Phentermine, 5-HTP, exercise and motivational techniques: Dr. Jay Piatek
    Identical twins that engage in leisure time activity weigh 27.7 lbs less than twins that don't
    Lack of physical activity accounts for three-fourths of weight gain
    Lack of physical activity increases the risk of dying by 20-100%
    Lack of physical activity increases the risk of dying from coronary artery disease by 50-140%
    Lean, physically inactive men 115% greater risk of death than most active lean men after adjustments
    Lean, physically inactive men 54% greater risk of death than the most active lean men
    Leisure time physical activity reduces risk of obesity 50% in men, 43% in women
    Less than 15% of children walk to school
    Maintaining fat loss difficult even with exercise
    Maximum weight loss with exercise seen after 6 months
    Men consume 44% more calories after swimming in cold water versus warm water
    Men who walk 1-2 hours per day had a 37% lower risk of stroke than those walking 25 minutes or less
    Men who walk 3 hours per day had a 64% lower risk of stroke than those walking 25 minutes or less
    Moderate exercise does not enhance weight loss in women
    Moderate exercise has no effect on food intake
    Moderate exercise has no effect on weight
    Moderate-intensity exercise causes weight loss, fat loss in men, weight maintenance in women
    More exercise leads to more weight loss
    Most active men weigh 5.8 lbs less, most active women 4.8 lbs less
    No evidence that weight lifting is effective for weight loss: American College of Sports Medicine
    Obese burn less fat during exercise
    Obese employees absent 14 days a year more than normal-weight employees
    Obese women could burn an additional 300 calories per day if they stood more, sat less
    Obese, physically active men 44% greater risk of death than the most active lean men
    Obese, physically active men 65% greater risk of death than most active lean men after adjustments
    Obese, physically inactive men 81% greater risk of death than the most active lean men
    Obesity rates in the U.S. lowest for those who engage in the most physical activity
    Obesity rates only half as high among people who prefer and live in walkable neighborhoods
    Obesity shortens lifespan of men by 5 years, women by 10 years
    One-year weight loss with 25-45 minutes of exercise per day was 1.3 to 5.5 lbs
    Only 25% of US children engage in regular exercise, 15% do not exercise
    Only about half of people trying to lose weight use exercise
    Only one-third of people trying to lose weight engage in regular physical acitivity
    Overweight adults spend 21 minutes less per day engaged in exercise
    Overweight/obese inactive men 104% greater risk of death than lean active men after adjustments
    Parents concerned with local road safety increases risk of obesity in 10-12 yr old children 3.9 fold
    People who are active are 37% less likely to be obese than those who engage in minimal activity
    People who exercise vigorously are 88% less likely to die from heart disease over the next 15 years
    People who exercised 150 minutes per week lost an average of 5.3 pounds after 6 months
    People who had lost 10% and exercised less than recommended were 1.8 as likely to have regained 5%
    People who had lost 10% and were sedentary were 1.8 as likely to have regained 5%
    People who have successfully maintained weight loss exercised an average of 42 minutes per day
    People who live on a highway 4.2 times more likely to be overweight
    People who were put on an exercise-only program to lose weight lost only 3.5 lbs after one year
    People who wore pedometers increased daily steps from 6779 to 8855
    Physical activity associated with 1.8 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Physical inactivity increases risk of obesity 3.9-fold and abdominal obesity 4.8-fold
    Portion size, eating away from home, and high-energy dense foods increase calorie intake
    Reducing physical activity does not reduce appetite
    Resistance training reduces risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by 39%
    Smokers and ex-smokers who exercise reduce risk of death by 30%
    Strength training twice a week reduces percent body fat in women 25-44 by 3.7%
    The idea that exercise causes weight loss due to nutritionist Jean Mayer, notes Gary Taubes
    The idea that exercise causes weight loss ignores the idea of working up an appetite, Gary Taubes
    The idea that we can eat less or exercise more without affecting appetite & energy is wrong, Taubes
    Three 10 minute periods of exercise have the same benefit as one 30 minute period
    Treadmill burns 40 percent more calories than a stationary bike
    Twins that engage in leisure time activity weigh 11.8 lbs less than twins that don't
    Two obesity experts failed to mention that women lost no weight training for a marathon, Gary Taubes
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 24: Exercise and weight loss
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 25: Diet plus exercise for weight loss
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 26: Weight lifting plus diet for weight loss
    Unfit girls 3.3 times more likely to be overweight
    Very little evidence exists to support the belief that exercise affects how fat we are, Gary Taubes
    Walking 1-2 hours per day associated with 37% lower risk of stroke
    Walking 1.7 miles per day caused weight loss of 2 lbs, 6.5 miles per day, 26 lbs
    Walking 30-60 minutes per day associated with 11% lower risk of stroke
    Walking an additional 2000 steps per day reduced waist size by roughly one inch
    Walking causes 10 lbs loss after one year
    Walking more than 3 hours per day associated with 64% lower risk of stroke
    Walking on a treadmill for 2-3 hours per day while working would cause weight loss of 44-66 pounds
    Walking reduces risk of obesity 24 percent
    Walking: Each kilometer per day reduces risk of obesity 5%
    Weight lifting decreases fat intake in women
    Weight watchers caused an average weight loss of 13.2 pounds after six months
    What is the cost of lack of physical activity in the U.S.?
    When we eat less, we get hungry and move less, and metabolism slows down, notes Gary Taubes
    White men who exercised one hour per day lost 22 lbs vs 12 lbs for those who did not exercise
    White women who exercised one hour per day lost 15 lbs vs 13 lbs for those who did not exercise
    Women and exercise: Vigorous exercise, 26% body fat vs no exercise, 33% body fat
    Women assigned to a control group lost an average of 1.5 lbs (0.8%) after one-year
    Women assigned to diet-only lost an average of 15.6 lbs (8.5%) after one-year
    Women assigned to diet-plus-exercise lost an average of 19.6 lbs (10.8%) after one-year
    Women assigned to exercise-only lost an average of 4.4 lbs (2.4%) after one-year
    Women lose 13 percent with diet and exercise
    Women lose fat, but not weight with moderate exercise
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised 22-28 min/day lost an average of 23.1 lbs (12.7%)
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised 28 min/day or more lost an average of 23.1 lbs (12.9%)
    Women on diet-plus-exercise who exercised less than 22 min/day lost an average of 17.6 lbs (9.6%)
    Women require 35 minutes of vigorous exercise or 80 minutes of moderate exercise to minimize gain
    Women who engage in 30 minutes of high-intensity exercise per day weigh 8-11 lbs less
    Women who exercise alot gain only 1 lbs less after 11 yrs than women who exercise little or none
    Women who exercised 5 hours or more per week gained 1 pound less than inactive peers
    Women who lost at least 10% of their body weight ate 1365 calories and exercised 48 minutes per day
    Xenical increases weight loss by 7.2 lbs over diet alone; Meridia by 9.2 lbs

    Exhaustion

    Exhaustion increases weight gain in women by 10 pounds after six years and in men by 7-8 pounds

    Fast Food

    Americans increased money spent on food away from home from one-third to nearly one-half
    Children who eat fast food consume 187 more calories per day
    Eating fast food at least once a week increases preschool childens' risk of overweight 55 percent
    Fast food accounts for 10% of food ingestion by US schoolchildren vs 2% thirty years ago
    Fast food and sodas may help explain the increase in childhood obesity
    Fast food causes weight gain in girls
    Fast food spending in the U.S. has increased 18-fold in the last 30 years
    Fast food, soft drinks and candy not associated with BMI according to Cornell researchers
    Fat content of fast food varies by country
    More fast-food restaurants in black neighborhoods than white neighborhoods
    Overweight adolescents ate 400 calories more of a fast food meal than lean adolescents
    Overweight adolescents ate 400 calories more on days they ate fast food, but lean did not
    People eat 200 more calories on days they eat fast food
    Trans fats in fast food can cause weight gain, belly fat, type 2 diabetes and heart disease
    U.S. Chidren consume 20% of calories as fast food compared to 2-7% in other countries
    U.S. Chidren consume one-third of calories from foods prepared away from home

    Fasting, Intermittent

    A 12-14 hour mini-fast each day combined with exercise causes 16.3 lbs fat loss in 3 months
    Does fasting cause low blood sugar? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting cause muscle loss? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting provoke overeating? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Does fasting reduce metabolism? No, notes Jason Fung, MD
    Fasting every other day causes normal weight people to lose 2.5% in three weeks
    Fasting every other day may decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer
    Limiting eating to 8-hours per day prevents obesity from a high-fat diet according to mouse study
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 11.4 lbs in 3 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 12.3 lbs in 2 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day caused weight loss of 5-6% in 2-3 months
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day reduced blood pressure from 124/78 to 117/72 mm Hg
    Limiting intake to 500 calories every other day: mild headache in 2 people, constipation in one
    Mini-fast with exercise program by Mark McCarty
    Muscle loss during weight loss: 18% on low cal diet, 30% on very low calorie diet, 46% while fasting
    Nighttime fasting causes 15 percent weight loss
    People lose 13.3 lbs in 6 days by fasting
    Rate of weight loss: 0.8 lbs per day on low cal diet, 1.1 lbs on very low calorie diet, 2.2 lbs VLCD
    The benefits of intermittent fasting
    The numerous benefits of time-restricted feeding, limiting eating to only 8 hours per day
    Time-restricted feeding (to 8-hours per day) increases release of fat from fat cells
    Time-restricted feeding (to 8-hours per day) reprograms energy metabolism and body weight regulation
    Time-restricted feeding (to 8-hours per day) results in normal glucose tolerance and insulin levels

    Fat Cells

    The number of fat cells remains the same throughout adulthood

    Fat Intake (Dietary Fat)

    Americans consume an average of 600 calories of added fat per day
    Calorie density, not fat content, affects intake
    Decreasing variety of high-fat foods increases weight loss
    Dietary fat and and lack of exercise key factors in obesity
    Every 1% increase in trans fats associated with 2.3 lbs weight gain
    Every 2% higher intake of trans fats associated with 16% greater risk of death over 26-32 years
    Every 5% increase in saturated fat associated with 8% greater risk of death over 26-32 years
    Facts about dietary fat
    Fat from sunflower seeds do not seem to be absorbed
    Fat intake associated with obesity in men only finds Canadian survey
    Hamburgers associated with higher body weight in men and women
    High fat intake associated with higher body weight
    High-fat diet increases weight gain, especially in those who are insulin resistant
    High-fat, sugary foods associated with obesity in women
    High-intensity exercise increases fat intake
    How much dietary fat is healthiest?
    Inability of overweight people to burn more fat may predispose them to gain weight
    Increasing protein intake and reducing fat intake caused 11 lbs weight loss in 3 months
    Low fat diet causes weight losses of 2 to 13 lbs depending on compliance
    Men and women consuming them most fats vs the most carbs were 16% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most fats vs the most carbs were 16% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most marine omega-3 fatty acids 4% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most monounsaturated fat vs least 11% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most polyunsaturated fat vs least 19% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most saturated fat vs least were 8% more likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men and women consuming them most trans fat vs least were 13% more likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men who get less than 30% of calories from fat weigh 10-12 lbs less than those getting 40% or more
    More people die on 'Prudent Diet' than control diet, 26 vs 6, Michael Eades, MD
    Mother's obesity affects a child's fat intake
    Obesity rates in the U.S. lowest for those who eat the least fat
    Obesity rates in the U.S. lowest for those who eat the least saturated fat
    People consume 270 more calories when eating a meal with 38% fat vs 24% fat
    People consuming them most omega-3 fatty acids vs least were 15% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    People eating the most fried food are 25% more likely to be obese
    People lost the same amount of weight (13.9 lbs) with 15% protein as 25% protein
    People who eat more than 40% fat are 48% more likely to be obese than those eating less than 30% fat
    Protein provides 3.2 calories per gram, not 4 calories per gram
    Reduced-fat dairy products, fruit, and fiber associated with lower bodyweight
    Reducing fat intake by 10% likely to cause weight loss of 7-11 pounds
    Reducing fat intake from 40% of calories to 30% causes weight loss of 11-20 lbs
    Reducing fat intake from 40% to 25-30% causes weight loss of 4-9 lbs
    Replacing 5% of energy from saturated fat with monounsaturated fat reduced risk of death by 13%
    Replacing 5% of energy from saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat reduced risk of death by 27%
    Saturated fat and heart disease: weak association
    Sugar intake associated with lower weight in men
    Sugar intake associated with lower weight in men (again)
    The type of fat affects weight gain in rats
    U.S. women eating more carbs, more fat; men more carbs, less fat
    Weight lifting decreases fat intake in women
    Weight loss on low-fat diet depends on compliance : Most compliant lost 14 lbs, least 2 lbs
    Whole flaxseeds in rye bread bind to dietary fat in the gut
    Women who get less than 30% of calories from fat weigh 9-11 lbs less than those getting 40% or more

    Fat loss

    Bone loss associated with fat loss
    Fat loss associated with a decreased risk of death
    Fat loss decreases the risk of dying 3-17%
    Growth hormone reduces body fat
    Phen-Celexa-5-HTP: Focusing on Fat, not BMI: An interview with Dr. William Wilson
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.
    Women with diabetes lose nearly twice as much fat with high-protein diet

    Fat Oxidation

    Green tea boost daily calorie output 4 percent
    Green Tea Extract for fat loss: An interview with researcher Dr. Abdul Dulloo
    Obese burn less fat during exercise
    Obese people burn less fat than lean people, may play a role in obesity

    Fat Replacers

    Fat replacers in moderation safe and useful to reduce fat and calorie intake
    Rats on high-fat diet gained more weight eating Pringles Light chips made with olestra

    Fat, Body (Body Fat)

    85% of fat is under the skin, 15% is belly fat
    College football linemen can have BMI of up to 34 without being overfat
    Exercise intensity affects fat loss
    Exercise lowers body fat in female twins
    Moderate-intensity exercise causes weight loss, fat loss in men, weight maintenance in women
    Obesity defined as 25% body fat in men, 35% body fat in women according to WHO
    People lose 3 lbs of muscle, gain 3 lbs of fat every 10 years

    Fat, Dietary

    'The idea that saturated fats cause heart disease is completely wrong' says biochemist Mary Enig
    Fat intake is not associated with prostate cancer
    Low-calorie diet causes twice as much weight loss as low-fat: 24.6 lbs vs 13.4 lbs in 6 months
    Men who get less than 30% of calories from fat weigh 10-12 lbs less than those getting 40% or more
    More people die on 'Prudent Diet' than control diet, 26 vs 6, Michael Eades, MD
    One serving of unprocessed red meat per day associated with 18% greater risk of death from CVD
    Stress and high-fat, high-sugar diet decreases stimulation of fat-burning adrenaline receptors
    The American Heart Association convinced to remove information about trans fats notes Mary Enig, PhD
    The increase in trans fats paralleled the increase in cancer and heart disease notes Mary Enig, PhD
    Women who get less than 30% of calories from fat weigh 9-11 lbs less than those getting 40% or more

    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)

    The FDA is there to serve the drug industry, not the public says Dr. David Graham from the FDA

    Fen-Phen

    Fen-Phen Heart Valve Damge: "A huge number" of false claims
    One-third of prescription diet pill users not obese; one in ten get pills from family and friends
    People lost 22 lbs with phentermine vs 18.5 lbs w/ phentermine plus fenfluramine; 8.8 lbs w/placebo
    Phentermine plus Prozac causes 13.3 percent weight loss in six months

    Fertility (see Pregnancy)

    Desiccated thyroid can solve some infertility problems notes Mark Starr, MD
    Hypothyroidism reduces mitochondria; involved in congestive heart failure, Alzheimers, etc, Dr Starr

    Fiber (Dietary Fiber)

    A high fiber cereal reduced calorie intake in men at the next meal by 172 calories
    An increase in fiber intake of 10 grams associated with 10% lower risk of dying
    Dietary fiber reduces protein absorption by 6%, fat absorption by 3%
    Fiber-rich rice cause 4 lbs weight loss in one month
    Fruits, vegetables and dietary fiber are associated with lower body weight
    Glucomannan may slow aging and heart disease
    Glucomannan: A brief description
    Hamburgers associated with higher body weight in men and women
    High-fiber, whole-grain foods associated with less weight gain
    Highest fiber intake equals lowest body weight
    Lack of fruit and fiber plays a role becoming obese
    Lean people eat 50% more fiber
    Low-fat, high-fiber diet causes spontaneous loss
    Men and women consuming them most fiber, 26-29 grams per day, were 22% less likely to die over 9 yrs
    Mexican-American children who eat at fast food the most are twice as likely to be overweight
    Obesity is twice as common in constipated children
    Protein provides 3.2 calories per gram, not 4 calories per gram
    Reduced-fat dairy products, fruit, and fiber associated with lower bodyweight
    Saturated fat and heart disease: weak association

    Fiber supplements

    120 mg of glucomannan plus 120 mg of guar gum before meals increased weight loss by 4.4 lbs
    1200 mg of glucomannan plus guar gum plus alginate before meals increased weight loss by 3.8 lbs
    340 mg of glucomannan before each meal increased weight loss by 2.9 lbs
    American men have 16% chance of being diagnosed with prostate cancer, but only 3% die from it
    CM3 Alginate cellulose fiber capsules do not reduce appetite or delay gastric emptying
    Glucomannan causes 3 lbs loss in one month without dieting, 5 lbs loss with dieting
    Glucomannan causes 5 lbs weight loss in six weeks
    Glucomannan causes 7 lbs weight loss in two months
    Glucomannan causes 8 lbs weight loss in two months without dieting
    Glucomannan causes obese women to lose 5.5 lbs in two months without dieting
    Glucomannan causes weight loss
    Glucomannan may slow aging and heart disease
    Guar gum and wheat bran: Patients lost an average of 15.6 lbs in 2.5 months
    Guar gum causes weight loss, lowers cholesterol and blood sugar
    Guar gum: Patients lost an average of 49.5 lbs after one year
    Guar gum: Women lose 9.4 lbs in two months without dieting
    Guar gum: Women taking it to lower cholesterol lost 5.5 lbs in four months
    PSA test can't detect prostate cancer
    PSA testing did NOT reduce the death rate in men 55 and over
    PSA testing should NOT be deployed to screen the entire population of men over 50
    PSA testing: Doctors must STOP the inappropriate use of PSA screening

    Fidgeting

    Behaving like a lean person can increase calories burned by 350 calories per day

    Fish

    Diet including 6 fish oil capsules per day reduces hunger 2 hours after a meal
    Eating fish at lunch reduced food intake at dinner in normal-weight men by 11%
    Fish eaters weigh 10-12 lbs less according to study from Japan
    Fish eaters weigh about 7 lbs less than meat eaters
    Fish oil plus walking causes 3.5 lbs fat loss in 3 months vs 0.4 lbs with sunflower oil
    Fish oil reduces accumulation of body fat
    Fish or fish oil capsules increases weight loss in men by 2-3 pounds in one month
    From 'Good Calories, Bad Calories': Good calories from meat, fish, fowl, cheese, eggs, butter
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD give two Tablespoons of fish oil to all of her patients
    Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil increase the burning of fat and reduce obesity in mice
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day w/ low-fat dairy lowers risk of death by 10% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day w/ whole grains lowers risk of death by 14% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with fish lowers risk of death by 7% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with legumes lowers risk of death by 10% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with nuts lowers risk of death by 19% over 22 years
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day with poultry lowers risk of death by 14% over 22 years

    Fish Oil (omega-3 fatty acids)

    Diet including 6 fish oil capsules per day reduces hunger 2 hours after a meal
    Fish cuts heart attack risk
    Fish eaters weigh 7 lbs less than meat eaters according to British study
    Fish eaters weigh about 7 lbs less than meat eaters
    Fish oil for weight loss?
    Fish oil plus walking causes 3.5 lbs fat loss in 3 months vs 0.4 lbs with sunflower oil
    Fish oil reduces accumulation of body fat
    Fish or fish oil capsules increases weight loss in men by 2-3 pounds in one month
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD give two Tablespoons of fish oil to all of her patients
    Men and women consuming them most marine omega-3 fatty acids 4% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    Men with one-fifth DHA levels were 41% less likely to have heart attack
    Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil increase the burning of fat and reduce obesity in mice
    Omega-3 fatty acids help to protect against obesity and reduce body fat
    People consuming them most omega-3 fatty acids vs least were 15% less likely to die over 26-32 yrs
    The importance of omega-3 fatty acids: An interview with Dr. Artemis Simopoulos

    Flaxseed

    3 Tablespoons of ground flaxseed per day lowers blood pressure 15 mmHg systolic, 7 mmHg diastolic
    Flaxseed consumption reduces risk of breast cancer by 18%, flax bread by 23%
    Flaxseed consumption reduces risk of breast cancer by 18%, flax bread by 23%

    Food Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)

    Food Cues

    Overweight people experience a greater desire to eat after seeing or smelling food

    Food Diary

    Black men who kept a food diary seven days per week lost 15 lbs vs 8 lbs for those who kept none
    Black women who kept a food diary seven days per week lost 14 lbs vs 7 lbs for those who kept none
    White men who kept a food diary seven days per week lost 20 lbs vs 9 lbs for those who kept none
    White women who kept a food diary seven days per week lost 18 lbs vs 8 lbs for those who kept none

    Food Intake statistics

    U.S. Food Consumption: Caloric sweetener intake has increased 26% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Dairy products intake has increased 3% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Egg intake has decreased 23% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Fat and oil intake has increased 25% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Flour and cereal intake has increased 47% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Fruit intake has increased 24% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Meat, poultry and fish intake has increased 7% since 1970
    U.S. Food Consumption: Vegetable intake has increased 24% since 1970

    Food preferences associated with obesity

    Hamburgers associated with higher body weight in men and women
    Lack of fruit and fiber plays a role becoming obese
    Obese women eat more fat, less alcohol

    Food Pyramid

    New USDA Food Pyramid

    Food Safety

    Food safer than every before but the media scares the public into believing food safety is a problem

    Food's effect on appetite

    Olive oil and potatoes more filling

    Foods associated with higher and lower body weight

    Alcohol use associated with 0.4 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of fruits associated with 0.5 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of nuts associated with 0.6 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of potato chips associated with 1.7 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of potatoes associated with 1.3 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of processed meats associated with 0.9 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages associated with one lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of unprocessed red meats associated with one lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of vegetables associated with 0.2 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of whole grains associated with 0.4 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of yogurt associated with 0.8 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each hour of television-watching associated with 0.3 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Fruits, vegetables and dietary fiber are associated with lower body weight
    Lack of fruit and fiber plays a role becoming obese
    Physical activity associated with 1.8 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Quitting smoking associated with 5.2 lbs weight gain over 4 years

    Foods Associated with Weight Gain

    Alcohol use associated with 0.4 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of fruits associated with 0.5 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of nuts associated with 0.6 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of potato chips associated with 1.7 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of potatoes associated with 1.3 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of processed meats associated with 0.9 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages associated with one lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of unprocessed red meats associated with one lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Each daily serving of vegetables associated with 0.2 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of whole grains associated with 0.4 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each daily serving of yogurt associated with 0.8 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Each hour of television-watching associated with 0.3 lbs weight gain over 4 years
    Physical activity associated with 1.8 lbs weight loss over 4 years
    Quitting smoking associated with 5.2 lbs weight gain over 4 years

    Forskolin (from the plant Coleus forskohlii)

    Forskolin causes fat loss of 9.9 lbs and muscle gain of 8.1 lbs in 3 months in obese men
    Forskolin does not cause weight loss or fat loss in overweight women

    Fosamax (alendronate)

    After being on Fosamax for 10 years, and having terrible pain for 3 years, 'My femur gave out'
    I would avoid “bone-building” drugs Fosamax and Actonel like the plague
    The bone-building drug Fosamax can cause the thigh bone to snap like a twig as reported on ABC News

    Fructose

    'Food can be just like a drug to certain people' notes Elissa Epel
    'I am suspicious of any food that says it is low-fat' because they add lots of sugar, Elissa Epel
    'We have created a toxic [food] environment,' that damages mitochondria and makes you sick, Lustig
    200 grams of fructose per day for two weeks lowered HDL levels by 5%
    200 grams of fructose per day for two weeks raised blood pressure 7/6 mm Hg
    200 grams of fructose per day for two weeks raised triglycerides 40%
    3 fruits to eat: strawberries, peaches, cantaloupe; 3 to avoid: bananas, apples, mangos; Stanhope
    40% of normal-weight people have an abnormal cellular metabolism, will shorten their life, Lustig
    60% of Americans suffer from metabolic diseases like hypertension & type 2 diabetes Robert Lustig MD
    80% of obese people have an abnormal cellular metabolism, will shorten their life, Robert Lustig, MD
    A calorie is not a calorie says Robert Lustig, MD (fructose is the problem)
    All calories are NOT equal says Kimber Stanhope, PhD who found fructose increases small dense LDL
    Average soda size is 2.5 times larger today than in the 1950's, 16 oz vs 6.5 oz
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Birth weights have been increasing worldwide over the past 25 years due to mother's diet, Dr. Lustig
    Calories from milk reduced 38% in the US from 1977 to 2001
    Calories from sweetened beverages increased 2.4 fold from 1977 to 2001
    Calories from sweetened beverages plus milk increased calories by 278 per day from 1977 to 2001
    Consumption of consumption of high-fructose corn syrup increased 10-fold between 1970 and 1990
    Developing compulsive eating and food addiction reflects changes in the brain notes Elissa Epel
    Diseases associated with obesity: heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver, etc
    Don't eat sugar says cancer researcher, Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Epidemic of obese 6-month-olds because of what their mothers ate when they were pregnant, Dr. Lustig
    Excess insulin blocks leptin in the brain, stores more fat and leads to weight gain, Lustig, MD
    Excess insulin due to excess fructose is the cause of obesity in 90% of people, Robert Lustig, MD
    Female rats given high-fructose corn syrup gained 100% in 7 months vs 77% with rat chow only
    Focusing on eating less and exercising more has set up back says Robert Lustig, MD
    Fructose causes leptin resistance and more weight gain when fed a high-fat diet
    Fructose causes obesity by causing leptin resistance says Robert Lustig, MD
    Fructose causes same amount of weight gain and fat gain as glucose notes Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Fructose decreases fat burned when on a low calorie diet
    Fructose does not stimulate insulin secretion or enhance leptin production like glucose does
    Fructose increases food intake, whereas, glucose decreases food intake
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose is a chronic, dose-dependent, liver toxin just like alcohol notes Robert Lustig MD
    Fructose is the cause of the obesity epidemic according to Professor Robert Lustig
    Fructose may cause metabolic syndrome by increasing uric acids levels
    Fructose may increase appetite by lowering leptin and increasing ghrelin
    Fructose may play an important role in the epidemic of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, etc
    Fructose, which is very sweet, is the thing in sugar we crave notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Fructose-induced metabolic syndrome is associated with changes in the kidney
    Global calorie intake increased 8% from 1985 to 2010, diabetes increased 7.3-fold, Robert Lustig MD
    Glucose and fructose are very different, only the liver can metabolize fructose, Robert Lustig, MD
    High fructose corn syrup increases risk factors for heart disease within 2 weeks, Kimber Stanhope
    If a food contains more than 5 ingredients, there is probably not much real food in it, Elissa Epel
    If obesity is due to gluttons and sloths, how do you explain obese 6-month-olds? Robert Lustig, MD
    In 1977 the US set a goal of reducing fat consumption from 40% to 30% of calories
    Insulin causes satiety in the short-term, but hunger in the long-term says Robert Lustig, MD
    Insulin resistance causes leptin resistance which causes people to overeat says Robert Lustig, MD
    Is Sugar Toxic? Yes, said Robert Lustig, MD on '60 Minutes' on April 1, 2012
    It is almost impossible to buy packaged foods without getting a lot of extra sugar, Elissa Epel
    Male rats given high-fructose corn syrup gained 157% in 6 months vs 102% with rat chow only
    Metabolic diseases account for 75% of global health care costs notes Robert Lustig MD
    Metabolic diseases are a bigger threat to the developing world than infections, Robert Lustig MD
    Mice who drank fructose-sweetened water gain 63% more than with sucrose-sweetened soft drink
    More insulin means more fat says Robert Lustig, MD
    Nearly all packaged foods contain extra sugar which is toxic to your metabolism says Elissa Epel
    No one chooses obesity; obesity chooses them notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity affects economic balance notes Elissa Epel
    Obesity affects everyone due to lost productivity, absenteeism & health care notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity affects national security notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is a problem of fat regulation says Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is a problem of fat regulation says Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is the result of biochemical forces which cannot be controlled notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Obesity is the result of biochemical forces which cannot be controlled notes Robert Lustig, MD
    Other things besides carbohydrates can increase insulin says Robert Lustig, MD
    Overeating sugar causes the body to build up a tolerance & causes you to desire more, Eric Stice PhD
    Overexposure to food like McDonald's can blunt reward systems in the brain notes Elissa Epel
    Reducing stress and reducing cortisol, reduced belly fat notes Elissa Epel
    Robert Lustig, MD gives an example of how excess insulin makes you tired, hungry and fat
    Sleep patterns, stress, how we feed our animals, and nutrients in our soil affect obesity
    Stress causes the same signals as famine and makes us crave dense calories notes Elissa Epel
    Stress is one of the most reliable predictors of early-onset obesity and early death, Elissa Epel
    Stress makes us crave high-fat, high-sweet, high-salt foods notes Elissa Epel
    Sugar can make some cancers grow including breast cancer and colon cancer says Lewis Cantley, PhD
    Sugar causes obesity, type II diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease says Robert Lustig, MD
    Sugar consumption leads to tolerance & addiction in the brain just like nicotine and heroin, Lustig
    Sugar down-regulates receptors in the reward center in the brain, Robert Lustig, MD
    Sugar: The Bitter Truth -- lecture by Professor Robert Lustig
    Table sugar (sucrose) is just as bad as high-fructose corn syrup says Robert Lustig, MD
    Telling people to eat less and exercise more does not work notes Robert Lustig, MD
    The average American consumes 132 calories of high-fructose corn syrup per day
    The degree of insulin resistance predicts how much people will eat says Robert Lustig, MD
    The diseases of alcohol are the same as the diseases of sugar and obesity notes Robert Lustig MD
    The increase in high-fructose corn syrup mirrors rise in obesity
    The numerous factors causing obesity: food, HCFS, estrogens, antibiotics, intrauterine environment
    The top one-fifth of Americans consumes 316 calories of high-fructose corn syrup per day
    There are over 24,000 new food items that enter the marketplace every year notes Barbara Laraia
    There are two insulin disorders: insulin resistance and insulin hypersecretion says Robert Lustig MD
    Two-thirds (66%) of all high fructose corn syrup consumed in the United States is through beverages
    We have to look at societal and environmental forces that are shaping obesity, Elissa Epel
    When something like sugar which is toxic and abused, we need public policy notes Robert Lustig, MD
    When you add sugar to processed food, you kill it, and it's killing us says Robert Lustig MD
    When you put fat and carbohydrate together, they don't work notes Robert Lustig, MD

    Fruit

    2-3 servings of fruits per day associated with 10% lower risk of death over 7.7 years
    2-3 servings of vegetables per day associated with 19% lower risk of death over 7.7 years
    5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day associated with 26% lower risk of death over 4-26 years
    7 servings of fruits and vegetables per day associated with 33% lower risk of death over 7.7 years
    One serving of frozen or canned fruit per day associated with 17% GREATER risk of death over 7.7 yrs
    One serving of salad per day associated with 13% lower risk of death over 7.7 years
    People eating 3 servings of vegetables per day lived 2.7 years longer
    People eating 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day lived 3.1 years longer
    People eating one fruit per day lived 1.6 years longer than those eating no fruit
    South Koreans ate 300% more fruit in 2009 compared to 1980 thanks to government-led campaigns

    Fucoxanthin

    What do you think about Fucoxanthin? Wait for human studies before wasting your money.

    GABA

    Mice bred to not release GABA are lean, burn more calories and resist diet-induced obesity

    Gallbadder Disease

    Being overweight increases risk of gallstones 1.9 fold, obesity increases the risk 3.3 fold
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Gall bladder disease 3 times greater in women with BMI greater than 32, 7 times greater with BMI 45
    Gallstones: A little dietary fat reduces the risk of gallstones during a very-low calorie diet
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of gallbladder disease 26 percent
    Obesity increases the risk of gallbladder disease 3- to 6-fold
    Risk of gallstones is 7 times higher in women with BMI of 45 or more
    What is the cost of gallbladder disease related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?

    Gallstones

    Being overweight increases risk of gallstones 1.9 fold, obesity increases the risk 3.3 fold
    Gall bladder disease 3 times greater in women with BMI greater than 32, 7 times greater with BMI 45
    Gallstones: A little dietary fat reduces the risk of gallstones during a very-low calorie diet
    Obesity increases the risk of gallbladder disease 3- to 6-fold
    Risk of gallstones is 7 times higher in women with BMI of 45 or more
    Slow weight loss reduces risk of gallstones
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 8: Gallstones
    What is the cost of gallbladder disease related to obesity and overweight in the U.S.?

    Garlic

    Men with a high intake of garlic had 19% less prostate cancer
    People with a high intake of garlic had 26% less cancer of the large bowel
    People with a high intake of garlic had 31% less kidney cancer
    People with a high intake of garlic had 39% less oral cancer
    People with a high intake of garlic had 44% less cancer of the larynx
    People with a high intake of garlic had 57% less esophageal cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 10% less breast cancer
    Women with a high intake of garlic had 22% less ovarian cancer

    Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

    Gastro-esophageal reflux disease more common in overweight women, but not men

    General Health Checks

    General health checks do NOT reduce the risk of death over 4-22 years
    General health checks do NOT reduce the risk of dying from cancer
    General health checks do NOT reduce the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

    Genes and genetics

    'Obesity and thinness are not solely determined by feeding behavior,' scientists say
    25–40% of the variability in human body weight may be accounted for by genetic factors
    52% less obesity in boys whose mothers lost substantial weight prior to pregnancy
    600 genes, markers and chromosomal regions linked to obesity
    Children 18 times as likely to be obese if both parents obese
    Genes account for 20-40% of differences in body weight
    Inheritability of obesity is 81% for males, 92% for females
    One-third to one-half of propensity to obesity explained by genetics
    People with two genetic variants are on average 8.5 pounds heavier

    Geodon (ziprasidone)

    'I gained 70 lbs while taking Zyprexa,' said P. Wagner, 'but stopped eating on Geodon plus Abilify'
    Antipsychotic drug weight gain: 7% gain in one-third taking Zyprexa, one-fourth Seroquel
    Antipsychotic drugs associated with weight gains of 2 to 22 pounds
    Geodon (ziprasidone) associated with weight gain of 0.1 pounds after two-and-one-half months

    Ghrelin

    Fructose may increase appetite by lowering leptin and increasing ghrelin
    Ghrelin blocks the appetite-reducing effect of leptin
    Ghrelin stimulates growth hormone release
    Grehlin nocturnal rise blunted in obese

    Ginger

    Ginger works as well as sumatriptan for migraine headaches; 88% vs 86% report high satisfaction

    Ginseng

    Korean Red Ginseng extract has anti-obesity effect in rats
    Wild ginseng found to have anti-diabetic and anti-obesity properties in mice

    GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid)

    Does GLA cause weight loss?
    Evening Primrose Oil is a powerful antidepressant for some, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Evening Primrose Oil should not be given to people with schizophrenia, Joan Mathews Larson, PhD

    GLA - Gamma Linolenic Acid

    Glucomannan (konjac root)

    120 mg of glucomannan plus 120 mg of guar gum before meals increased weight loss by 4.4 lbs
    1200 mg of glucomannan plus guar gum plus alginate before meals increased weight loss by 3.8 lbs
    340 mg of glucomannan before each meal increased weight loss by 2.9 lbs
    Glucomannan causes 3 lbs loss in one month without dieting, 5 lbs loss with dieting
    Glucomannan causes 5 lbs weight loss in six weeks
    Glucomannan causes 7 lbs weight loss in two months
    Glucomannan causes 8 lbs weight loss in two months without dieting
    Glucomannan causes a decrease in fasting blood sugar of 7 mg/dL according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan causes a decrease in LDL cholesterol of 16 mg/dL according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan causes a decrease in total cholesterol of 19 mg/dL according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan causes a decrease in triglycerides of 11 mg/dL according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan causes an average weight loss of 1.8 lbs according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan causes obese women to lose 5.5 lbs in two months without dieting
    Glucomannan causes weight loss
    Glucomannan has no effect on HDL cholesterol or blood pressure according to a review of 14 studies
    Glucomannan may slow aging and heart disease
    Glucomannan: A brief description
    How to Lose Weight: An interview with Stephen Gullo, therapist to the rich and famous
    What is CalTrap and does it work?
    What is Lipozene and does it work?

    Glucophage (metformin)

    Acarbose plus diet causes more weight loss in diabetics than metformin plus diet: 7.7 lbs vs 2.2 lbs
    Increasing the dose of Glucophage (metformin) increases weight loss in women with PCOS
    Is metformin a life-extending drug? Metformin LOWERS risk of death in Type 2 diabetics vs controls
    Metformin causes small amount of weight loss in diabetics, but considerably reduces risk of death
    Metformin plus a sulphonylurea increased the risk of death 96% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics
    Metformin plus Glyburide causes 20% weight loss in diabetics
    Metformin reduced the risk of death by 36% over 10.7 years in Type 2 diabetics
    Prozac plus metformin caused weight loss of 17.4 lbs
    Topamax plus metformin helped diabetics lose 6.5% of their body weight
    Weight loss less than 11 lbs with diet and lifestyle, 11-22 lbs with drugs, and 55-165 lbs w/surgery
    Xenical (orlistat) reduces the risk of diabetes by 37%, Metformin by 31%, Precose (acarbose) by 25%

    Glutamine (amino acid)

    Glutamine is a fabulous for blocking sugar cravings according to Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    Glutamine potently stimulates release of GLP-1 which might cause weight loss
    Glutamine reduces weight gain from high fat diet
    L-Glutamine reduces weight gain by 15% and belly fat by 50% in rats on high-fat diet

    Glycemic Index

    Breast cancer risk 26% lower in overweight postmenopausal women eating low glycemic index diet
    Doctor recommends that people who secrete a lot of insulin should eat low-glycemic index diet
    Four factors that increase glycemic index
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: What are they?
    Glycemic Index: Mice on high glycemic index diet had 71% more body fat, 8% less muscle
    Glycemic Load is not associated with body fat, belly fat or BMI
    High glycemic index diet increases C-reactive protein, triglycerides and lowers HDL levels
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of breast cancer 8 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of colorectal cancer 26 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of coronary heart disease 25 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of endometrial cancer 18 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of gallbladder disease 26 percent
    High glycemic index diet increases the risk of type 2 diabetes 40 percent
    High glycemic index diet not associated with risk of pancreatic cancer
    High glycemic load diet increases risk of coronary heart disease in women by 90%
    High-glycemic diet increase risk of coronary heart disease by 90% in women
    High-glycemic index foods boost intake
    Low glycemic diet causes 11 lbs greater weight loss in patients with high insulin secretion
    Low glycemic diets increase weight loss by 2 lbs more than standard diets
    Low glycemic foods do not increase weight loss while on a diet
    Low glycemic index breakfast reduces calorie intake of preadolescent children
    Low glycemic index calorie-restricted diet causes more weight loss in 2 months : 7.5% vs 5.3%
    Low glycemic index diet does not cause weight loss
    Patients lose 6.2 lbs on low glycemic load diet
    People lose as much weight with high glycemic foods as a low glycemic foods
    Treating Hypothalamic Pituitary Dysfunction (HPD): By William Wilson, M.D.

    Glycemic Index Tables

    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Bakery Products
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Beverages
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Breads (Bagels, Baguettes, Barley, Fruit, Rice and Rye)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Breads (Wheat, White and Unleavened)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Breakfast Bars
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Breakfast Cereals
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Cookies
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Crackers
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Dairy Products
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Fruit and fruit products
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Infant Formulas
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Legumes and Nuts
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Meal Replacement Products
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Mixed Meals
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Pasta and Noodles
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Snack Foods
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Soups
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Sports Bars
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (African)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Arabic and Turkish)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Asian)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Australian)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Israeli)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Pacific Islander)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Pima Indians)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (South American)
    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Vegetables

    Glycomacropeptide

    Glycomacropeptide-enriched whey meal replacement does not increase weight loss over skim milk powder

    GMO foods (genetically modified organisms)

    2.5 minute video about GMO foods by Jeffery M. Smith discussing problems with GMO foods

    Grains

    Adolescents who consumed more than one serving of whole grains per day weigh 10 lbs less
    Eating 4 servings of whole grains per day associated with 22% lower risk of death
    Eating 4 servings of whole grains per day associated with 22% lower risk of death
    Eating 4 servings of whole grains per day associated with 22% lower risk of death
    Eating 7 servings of whole-grain cereal per week reduces risk of diabetes by 37%
    Every one gram of whole grains per day decreases risk of obesity in men 10%, in women 4%
    Fatty foods associated with weight gain in preschool children
    High-fiber, whole-grain foods associated with less weight gain
    Highest whole grain intake associated with 25-27% lower risk of heart attack
    One-fifth of people who consumed most whole grain reduced risk of coronary heart disease by 25%
    People who eat about 3 servings of whole grains per day weigh about 4 lbs less
    Replacing one serving of red meat per day w/ whole grains lowers risk of death by 14% over 22 years
    Those who consume the most whole grains weigh the least
    U.S. grain consumption has increased nearly 50% since early 1970's, but whole grains have decreased
    Whole grain cereals reduce the risk of death
    Whole-grains, but not refined grains, lower the risk of death
    Women who consume at least one serving of whole grains per day are 32% less likely to be overweight

    Grapefruit

    8 ounces of grapefruit juice 3 times a day before meals causes weight loss of 3.3 lbs in 3 months
    Grapefruit capsule 3 times a day before meals causes weight loss of 2.4 lbs in 3 months
    Grapefruit causes 3-4 pound weight loss in three months
    One-half a grapefruit eaten 3 times a day before meals causes weight loss of 3.5 lbs in 3 months

    Green coffee bean extract

    Green coffee bean extract weight loss: I do NOT believe it!

    Green Tea

    90 mg of EGCG plus 50 mg of caffeine with each meal helped patients maintain a 15 lbs weight loss
    A caffeine-free EGCG supplement does NOT increase resting metabolism
    Boosting metabolism: Green Tea boosts metabolism 4%
    Cancer onset delayed 3 years in men drinking 10 cups of green tea per day (68 years vs 65 years)
    Cancer onset delayed 7 years in women drinking 10 cups of green tea per day (74 years vs 67 years)
    Combination of green tea, caffeine, capsaicin and tyrosine increases fat loss by 2 lbs
    EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) from green tea did not affect food or calorie intake
    EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) from green tea increased fat and protein excreted in the stool
    EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) from green tea increased the burning of fat
    Green tea boost daily calorie output 4 percent
    Green tea catechins reduces body weight by 2.9 lbs according to meta-analysis of 11 studies
    Green Tea Extract for fat loss: An interview with researcher Dr. Abdul Dulloo
    Green Tea for weight loss: The interaction between caffeine and catechins
    Green tea inhibits fat accumulation in fat cells and increases death of mature fat cells
    Green Tea reduced body weight by 12%, body fat by 34% in mice
    Keemun black tea extract reduced food intake and body weight in rats
    Men drinking 5 cups of green tea per day had a 48% lower risk of advanced prostate cancer
    Men lose 5.3 pounds in three months drinking oolong tea
    Men who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day 42% less likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Men who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day lived 4 years longer (75 vs 71 years)
    Men who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day were 46% less likely to get cancer
    Obese people burn less fat than lean people, may play a role in obesity
    Oolong tea raises metabolism 2.9%, fat oxidation 12%
    Oolong tea reduces weight gain
    Oolong tea reduces weight gain in mice by increasing fat burning and reducing fat absorption
    Tea drinkers have 20 percent less body fat according to Taiwan study
    Tea inhibits carbohydrate absorption by 25%
    Tea polyphenols increase thermogenesis
    The weight-reducing effects of tea: The difference between green, oolong and black tea
    Three servings per day of green tea beverage with caffeine and calcium increases metabolism by 4.6%
    White tea contains more catechins and caffeine than green tea
    Women who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day 18% less likely to die from cardiovascular disease
    Women who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day lived 6 years longer (81 vs 75 years)
    Women who consumed 10 cups of green tea per day were 43% less likely to get cancer
    Xenadrine-EFX did not affect metabolism

    Group Therapy

    Children given group therapy lost more weight than when counseled individually: 6.8% vs 1.8%
    Continued treatment helps patients maintain weight loss; peer group meetings and phone calls do not
    Group therapy plus diet causes 20 lbs weight loss versus 13 lbs with diet alone
    People lost nearly as much weight with phone & email support as in-person support: 10 lbs vs 11 lbs

    Growth Hormone

    Ghrelin stimulates growth hormone release
    Growth hormone causes fat loss
    Growth hormone increases beta adrenergic receptors
    Growth hormone plus insulin-like growth factor-1 caused 11.9 lbs more fat loss in 3 months
    Growth hormone reduces body fat

    Guar gum

    120 mg of glucomannan plus 120 mg of guar gum before meals increased weight loss by 4.4 lbs
    1200 mg of glucomannan plus guar gum plus alginate before meals increased weight loss by 3.8 lbs
    340 mg of glucomannan before each meal increased weight loss by 2.9 lbs
    Guar gum and wheat bran: Patients lost an average of 15.6 lbs in 2.5 months
    Guar gum causes weight loss, lowers cholesterol and blood sugar
    Guar gum: Patients lost an average of 49.5 lbs after one year
    Guar gum: Women lose 9.4 lbs in two months without dieting
    Guar gum: Women taking it to lower cholesterol lost 5.5 lbs in four months

    Gut Bacteria

    A gut bacteria increases body fat in mice
    Gut bacteria different in children who become overweight compared to those who stay normal weight
    Long-term treatment with antibiotic caused weight gain of 4 to 29 lbs in one-fourth of patients
    No evidence that gut bacteria plays a role in obesity
    Obese people have a more of a gut bacteria that extracts calories from food

    Gwen Olsen

    Drug company salesman had Xanax withdrawal symptoms for 6 months
    Drug company salesman notes that all psychiatric drugs can cause withdrawal symptoms
    Drug company salesman notes to NEVER stop a psychiatric drugs on your own
    Drug company salesman suggests having alternative doctor to help withdraw from psychiatric drugs
    Drug company salesman tells how minimization of side effects lead to injuries and death
    Drug company salesman tells how psychiatric drugs caused many of the problems they saw
    Drug company salesman tells how the U.S. FDA is in bed with the drug companies
    Drug company salesman tells how they blamed Scientology if someone was against psychiatric drugs
    Drug company salesman tells how they minimized the appearance of side effects
    Drug company salesman tells how they profiled doctors in order to maximize their influence

    Habits associated with obesity

    Frequent snacking and eating in the evening associated with obesity

    Habits of being lean

    Habits associated with staying lean

    Hair Loss (caused by weight loss)

    Zinc supplement reverses hair loss in patients following weight loss surgery

    Haldol (haloperidol)

    Haldol (haloperidol) associated with weight gain of 2.4 pounds after two-and-one-half months

    Hawaiian Diet

    The Hawaiian Diet: People lose 17 lbs in three weeks

    HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)

    An unfortunate resurgence of HCG use for weight loss
    Does HCG cause weight loss?
    Does HCG cause weight loss? I asked my good friend Eddie Ford, MD
    HCG causes fat loss, not weight loss according to HCG organization
    HCG does not increase weight loss
    HCG does not increase weight loss, mood or hip or waist measurements in obese women on a diet
    HCG: German paper also concludes HCG is not effective for weight loss
    Kevin Trudeau, author of the book 'The Weight Loss Cure' about HCG, banned for 3 years and fined $5M
    Obesity researcher Frank Greenway, MD comments on HCG study
    Overweight women given HCG did not lose more weight than those given saline: 15.8 lbs vs 15.5 lbs

    Headaches

    Desiccated thyroid reduced headaches from 55% to 15% compared to Synthroid (T4), Dr. Starr
    Ginger works as well as sumatriptan for migraine headaches; 88% vs 86% report high satisfaction
    Headaches are more common and more incapacitating in obese people
    Obesity increases the risk of severe headaches

    Health Insurance

    The U.S. should have 'Medicare for All' says Dr. David Scheiner

    Health Risks of obesity

    15% of cancer in U.S. men, and 20% of cancer in women attributable to obesity
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of colon cancer by 30% in men, 12% in women
    30-35 lbs increase in body weight increases the risk of rectal cancer by 12% in men, 3% in women
    6% of deaths in England due to obesity
    66% of hypertension due to excess weight
    70,000 cases of cancer in Europe in 2002, 124,000 cases in 2008 attributed to overweight and obesity
    A 5-unit increase in BMI increases risk of coronary heart disease by 29%
    Abdominal obesity changes breathing
    Adult weight gain of 21-30 lbs increases risk of postmenopausal breast cancer 40%
    Alzheimers risk in women increases 36 pecent for every one unit increase in BMI
    American Dietetic Assoication's position on weight management
    An hour of leisure time physical activity per day reduces risk of colon and rectal cancer by 41-44%
    Arthritis: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 4.4 fold
    Asthma: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 2.7 fold
    Being obese (BMI 30-35) shortens lifespan in men 20- to 39-years-old by 5.9 years
    Being obese (BMI 30-35) shortens lifespan in men 60- to 79-years-old by 0.8 years
    Being obese at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 6.7 years, women 7.1 years
    Being obese increases the risk of coronary heart disease for men 2-fold, women 2.4-fold
    Being obese increases the risk of coronary heart disease for women 3.6-fold
    Being overweight at 25-years-old increases the risk of disc degeneration 3.8-fold
    Being overweight at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 3.1 years, women 3.3 years
    Being overweight doubles the risk of coronary heart disease for women
    Being overweight increases risk of diabetes 5-fold, having BMI of 35 increases risk 93-fold
    Being overweight or inactive increases risk of coronary heart disease in women by 54-153%
    Being overweight or obese accounts for up to 8 percent of cancers in Europe
    Being very obese (BMI 35+) shortens lifespan in men 20- to 39-years-old by 8.4 years
    Being very obese (BMI 35+) shortens lifespan in men 60- to 79-years-old by 0.9 years
    Being very obese (BMI 35+) shortens lifespan in women 20- to 39-years-old by 6.1 years
    Being very obese (BMI 35+) shortens lifespan in women 60- to 79-years-old by 0.9 years
    Belly fat increases the risk of colon cancer in women
    Belly fat increases the risk of gout
    Bigger hips, smaller waist associated with a lower risk of death
    Blood pressure 9 points higher in obese men
    BMI at the age of 30-49 predicts mortality after the age of 50-69
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater affects 6% of US adults
    Body mass index (BMI) of 40-44.9 is associated 6.5 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 45-49.9 is associated 8.9 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 50-54.9 is associated 9.8 years of lost life
    Body mass index (BMI) of 55-59.9 is associated 13.7 years of lost life
    Breast cancer 20% more common in women with type 2 diabetes
    Breast Cancer, Postmenopausal: Obesity increases risk 50%
    Breast Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 16 percent
    Breast cancer: BMI greater than 40 increases risk of death 3-fold
    Breast cancer: Excess weight may account for 23% of U.S. cases in women
    Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from all cancers by 9-19 percent
    Cancer: Elevated insulin levels associated with cancers of colon, breast, pancreas, and endometrium
    Cancer: Obesity causes an estimated 90,000 cancer deaths each year
    Cervical cancer: Obesity may increase risk 2-3 fold
    Cholesterol, high: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 1.9 fold
    Chronic daily headaches are associated with obesity
    Colon cancer 3.4 times more common among overweight Japanese women
    Colorectal cancer 1.8 times more likely in obese men, 2.3 times more likely in tall women
    Colorectal cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 10-23 percent
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 28% of U.S. cases in women
    Colorectal cancer: Excess weight may account for 35% of U.S. cases in men
    Colorectal cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% in women, 100% in men
    Congestive heart failure 2.5 times more common among diabetics
    Coronary artery disease and stroke twice as high in obese men and women under the age of 50
    Coronary deaths: Nearly one-third due to weight
    Daytime sleepiness 1.8 times more common among overweight men vs normal weight men
    Daytime sleepiness 2.4 times more common among men who gained more than 30 lbs
    Daytime sleepiness 4.4 times more common among obese men vs normal weight men
    Diabetes: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 156 to 234 percent
    Diabetes: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 7.4 fold
    Diabetes: Obesity increases risk 11-fold in women
    Diabetics as likely to have a heart attack as non-diabetics who have previously had a heart attack
    Diseases associated with obesity
    Dying: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying by 27-29 percent
    Endometrial cancer: Excess weight may account for 57% of U.S. cases in women
    Endometrial cancer: Obesity increases risk 250%
    Esophagus cancer: Overweight increases risk 3-fold
    Every 1 lbs increase in weight increases the risk of death by 1% for those 30- to 42-years-old
    Every 1 lbs increase in weight increases the risk of death by 2% for those 50- to 62-years-old
    Excess belly fat increases risk of urinary incontinence in women 6-fold
    Excess weight and inactivity account for 59% of heart disease deaths, 21% of cancer deaths in women
    Extreme obesity increases the risk of dying in women by 70%
    Fatty liver disease found in a majority of morbidly obese people
    Fitness as important as fatness for reducing the risk of death in men
    Gall bladder disease 3 times greater in women with BMI greater than 32, 7 times greater with BMI 45
    Gallbadder cancer: Obesity increases risk 100%
    Gallbladder cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women
    Half of deaths in obese women due to obesity
    Headaches are more common and more incapacitating in obese people
    Health problems occur in over 70% of people who are overweight
    Health risks of obesity well established
    Health, fair or poor: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 4.2 fold
    Health: Overweight increases risk of declining health by 29%, obesity 45%
    Heart disease, Obesity an independent predictor
    Heart Disease: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 32-39 percent
    Hypertension: Extremely obesity (BMI greater than 40) increases the risk 6.4 fold
    Increasing BMI increases the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women
    Ischemic Stroke: Obesity doubles risk in women
    Joint pain associated with excess weight
    Kidney cancer: Excess weight may account for 43% of U.S. cases in women
    Kidney cancer: Obesity increases risk 150%
    Leanest people live the longest
    Liver cancer: Obesity increases risk 50% to 300%
    Low back pain more common in overweight women
    Ninety percent of diabetics have BMI greater than 23
    Obese men 2.6 times more likely to have long absence from work due to sickness
    Obese patients 2.8 times more likely to try and lose weight if advised by their doctor
    Obese women 2-3 times more likely to have periodontal disease
    Obese women have 100% greater lifetime risk of gallbladder cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 131% greater lifetime risk of uterine cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 133% greater lifetime risk of oesophageal cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 25% greater lifetime risk of breast cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 31% greater lifetime risk of pancreatic cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 32% greater lifetime risk of bowel cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 41% greater lifetime risk of cancer than healthy weight women
    Obese women have 78% greater lifetime risk of kidney cancer than healthy weight women
    Obesity accelerates aging in women by 8.8 years
    Obesity and elevated insulin levels appear to increase the risk of pancreatic cancer
    Obesity associated with as much disease as poverty, smoking and heavy drinking
    Obesity associated with chronic health conditions equivalent to 20 years of aging
    Obesity associated with depression, surgical risk, increased mortality
    Obesity can cause asthma
    Obesity causes 6% of cases of infertility in women
    Obesity contributes to heart failure in 10% of cases
    Obesity decreases life expectancy 7 years, equal to risk from heart disease and cancer combined
    Obesity does not increase the risk of death in people over 70-years-old
    Obesity doubles the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome
    Obesity doubles the risk of heart failure
    Obesity equivalent to being 11-16 years older
    Obesity increase 'stickiness' of the blood
    Obesity increases risk of Alzheimer's later in life by 80%
    Obesity increases risk of death by 22%
    Obesity increases risk of dying from cancer by 6% in men, 10% in women
    Obesity increases risk of hip replacement in women 2.5 fold, knee replacement 10.5 fold
    Obesity increases risk of osteoarthritis of the hand 2.6-fold
    Obesity increases risk of osteoarthritis of the knee 2.8-fold
    Obesity increases the risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome 1.7-fold, severe obesity 1.8-fold
    Obesity increases the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome
    Obesity increases the risk of certain bacterial infections
    Obesity increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease and stroke
    Obesity increases the risk of endometrial cancer
    Obesity increases the risk of gallbladder disease 3- to 6-fold
    Obesity increases the risk of hypertension 5-fold
    Obesity increases the risk of kidney stones by one-third in men and doubles the risk in women
    Obesity increases the stiffness of arteries
    Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state; benefits of weight loss due to reduction of inflammation
    Obesity may reduce life expectacy by 2- to 5 years within 50 years
    Obesity not associated with risk of osteoarthritis of the hip
    Obesity responsible for up to 20% of cancer cases in US
    Obesity shortens lifespan of men by 5 years, women by 10 years
    Obesity to overtake smoking as the #1 cause of death by 2005
    Obesity weakly increases the risk of prostate cancer
    Obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes associated more than 20 degenerative diseases
    Obesity, race and depression independently increase likelihood of chronic disease
    Obesity-related heart problems associated with insulin resistance
    Oesophageal cancer: Excess weight may account for 52% of U.S. cases in women
    Oesophageal cancer: Obesity increases risk 200%
    Other cancers: Obesity may increase risk 1.2 to 2-fold
    Ovarian cancer: Being obese may increase the risk 1.5 to 2-fold
    Overweight as young adult riskier than as middle adult
    Overweight in women increases risk of death by 40 percent
    Overweight increases risk of coronary heart disease by 32%, obesity increases risk by 81%
    Overweight men 45% more likely to have chronic kidney disease
    Overweight women 47% more likely to have a stillbirth, obese women 107% more likely
    Pancreatic cancer: Excess weight may account for 27% of U.S. cases in women
    Pancreatic cancer: Obesity increases risk 70%
    Physicians fail to provide weight loss counseling to nearly two-third of obese patients
    Prevalence of hypertension increases with body weight
    Prostate Cancer: Being 20-29 percent overweight increases risk of dying from by 37 percent
    Prostate cancer: Obesity increases risk
    Prostate Cancer: Obesity increases risk 9-27% (corrected)
    Risk of death 2-3 times higher in obese adults 50 to 71
    Risk of liver cancer 17% greater in those who are overweight, 89% greater in those who are obese
    Risk of multiple myeloma 12-27% greater for overweight, 27-82% greater in those who are obese
    Severe Obesity Shortens Lifespan 5 to 20 years
    Sick leave 50-90% greater in obese
    Sleep Apnea: Ten percent weight gain increases risk 32%, ten percent weight loss decreases risk 26%
    Smoking and being obese at 40 decreases life expectancy of men by 13.7 years, women 13.3 years
    Stomach cancer (gastric cardia): Obesity increases risk 50% to 100%
    Stomach cancer: Excess weight may account for 36% of U.S. cases in women
    The increased risk of death associated with being overweight is highest for those 30-44 years-old
    The lowest risk of death is assocated with a BMI of 21 in younger women, 23 in younger men
    The risk of hemorrhagic stroke was higher for lean women than heavier women
    The risk of ischemic stroke is 1.7 higher for women gained 22-44 lbs since age 18
    The risk of ischemic stroke is 1.8 higher for women with BMI of 27-28.9 vs BMI less than 21
    The risk of ischemic stroke is 1.9 times higher for women with BMI of 29-31.9 vs BMI less than 21
    The risk of ischemic stroke is 2.4 higher for women with BMI of 32 or more vs BMI less than 21
    The risk of ischemic stroke is 2.5 higher for women gained 22-44 lbs since age 18
    Two cups of coffee associated with 43% lower risk of liver cancer
    U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines Part 2: Health Risks of being Overweight
    Waist me