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    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Bakery Products


    Posted by .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
    Friday, August 20, 2004 2:45 am Email this article
    Below is a table with the glycemic index and glycemic loads of bakery products.

    High glycemic index foods increase calorie intake by 50 to 80 percent when compared to medium- and low-glycemic index foods according to one study.

    Low glycemic index foods reduce calorie intake and are associated with lower body weights.

    Some researchers believe that low-carbohydrate diets work because they are low glycemic index and low glycemic load foods.

    Glycemic index is how quickly a given amount of food raises blood sugar levels relative to pure glucose (blood sugar).

    Glycemic load is a ranking of how much a standard serving of food raises your blood sugar. Glycemic load is calculated by multiplying the amount of carbohydrate in a food by the glycemic index and dividing by 100. Glycemic load of a food is a better tool than the glycemic index value of a food when evaluating the foods you eat.

    A more complete description of glycemic index and glycemic load can be found here.

           

    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Bakery Products

     
    BAKERY PRODUCTS
    Glycemic
      Index
    Glycemic
        Load
       
    Serving
      size
    Available
      carbohydrate
    Cakes
    (Glucose = 100)
    (per serving)
    grams
    grams per serving
        1 Angel food cake (Loblaw’s, Toronto, Canada)
       67
    19
     50
    29
        2 Banana cake, made with sugar
     47 ± 8
    18
     80
    38
        3 Banana cake, made without sugar
     55 ± 10
    16
     80
    29
        4 Chocolate cake made from packet mix (Betty Crocker; General Mills Inc, Minneapolis, MN, USA)
     38 ± 3
    20
    111
    52
        5 Cupcake, strawberry-iced (Squiggles; Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)
     73 ± 12
    19
     38
    26
        6 Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and coconut) (Farmland, Australia)
     87 ± 17
    25
     50
    29
        7 Pound cake (Sara Lee Canada, Bramalea, Canada)
       54
    15
     53
    28
        8 Sponge cake, plain
     46 ± 6
    17
     63
    36
        9 Vanilla cake made from packet mix with vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker, USA)
     42 ± 4
    24
    111
    58
        10 Croissant (Food City, Toronto, Canada)
       67
    17
     57
    26
        11 Crumpet (Dempster’s Corporate Foods Ltd, Etobicoke, Canada)
       69
    13
     50
    19
        12 Doughnut, cake type (Loblaw’s, Canada)
       76
    17
     47
    23
        13 Flan cake (Weston’s Bakery, Toronto, Canada)
       65
    31
     70
    48
        14 Muffins
             Apple, made with sugar
     44 ± 6
    13
     60
    29
             Apple, made without sugar
     48 ± 10
    9
     60
    19
             Apple, oat, and sultana, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Acacia Ridge, Australia)
     54 ± 4
    14
     50
    26
             Apricot, coconut, and honey, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia)
     60 ± 4
    16
     50
    26
             Banana, oat and honey, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia)
     65 ± 11
    17
     50
    26
             Bran (Grandma Martin’s Muffins; Culinar Inc, Aurora, Canada)
       60
    15
     57
    24
             Blueberry (Culinar Inc, Canada)
       59
    17
     57
    29
             Carrot (Culinar Inc, Canada)
       62
    20
     57
    32
             Chocolate butterscotch, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia)
     53 ± 5
    15
     50
    28
             Corn muffin, low-amylose
      102
    30
     57
    29
             Corn muffin, high-amylose
       49
             Oatmeal, made from mix (Quaker Oats Co of Canada, Peterborough, Canada)
       69
    24
     50
    35
        15 Pancakes, prepared from shake mix (Green’s General Foods, Glendenning, Australia)
     67 ± 5
    39
     80
    58
        16 Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Australia)
    102 ± 11
    22
     77
    22
        17 Pastry
     59 ± 6
    15
     57
    26
        18 Pikelets (Golden brand; Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia)
     85 ± 14
    18
     40
    21
        19 Scones, plain, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia)
     92 ± 8
    7
     25
    9
        20 Waffles (Aunt Jemima; Quaker Oats Co of Canada)
       76
    10
     35
    13

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