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High glycemic index diet increases C-reactive protein, triglycerides and lowers HDL levels
Tuesday, October 05, 2004 8:34 am Email this article
In post-menopausal women, high glycemic index diets are associated with higher C-reactive protein levels -- a marker of low grade chronic inflammation --, high triglycerides and lower HDL levels, all of which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease according to a recent paper. Having high blood sugar following a meal increases the risk of death 1.8 to 3 fold
People with high blood sugar levels during a glucose tolerance test were 1.8 to 3 times more likely to die than people with lower levels.
Slowing carbohydrate absorption reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke and hypertension by 50 percent
Another study found that giving diabetic patients Acarbose (a drug which slows the absorption of carbohydrates) reduced the risk of cardiovascular events and hypertension in half.
Comment: Guar gum and glucomannan also slow the absorption of carbohydrates
Comment: Gel-forming soluble fibers such as guar gum and glucomannan can also be taken with food to slow the absorption of carbohydrates and lower the glycemic index of foods.
Psyllium fiber can also slow the absorption of carbohydrates, but only when mixed with the food.
Brand-Miller JC. Glycemic index in relation to coronary disease. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004, 13(Suppl):S3.
AUTHOR’S CONTACT INFORMATION
J. C. Brand-Miller
Human Nutrition Unit
University of Sydney
NSW, 2006, Australia
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