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Childhood obesity: The causes
Wednesday, October 27, 2004 6:55 am Email this article
The causes of childhood obesity include city designs that discourage walking, family pressure to minimize food costs which results in the consumption of high fat, high calorie convenience foods, reduced access to fruit and vegetables, decreased opportunity for physical activity, and reduced leisure time for physical activity due to television watching and video games according to a report on Childhood Obesity from the Institute of Medicine published September 30, 2004.
According to the report, the causes of the increase in childhood obesity in the past few decades are due to:
- urban and suburban designs that discourage walking and other physical activities;
- pressures on families to minimize food costs, acquisition and preparation time, resulting in frequent consumption of convenience foods that are high in calories and fat;
- reduced access and affordability in some communities to fruits, vegetables, and other nutritious foods;
- decreased opportunities for physical activity at school, after school, and reduced walking or biking to and from school; and
- competition for leisure time that was once spent playing outdoors with sedentary screen time including watching television or playing computer and video games.
Read The Report For Free On-line
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Preventing childhood obesity: Health in the balance. Institute of Medicine. 2004 Sep 30, 482 pages.
Institute of Medicine
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Washington DC 20001
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