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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 1: Overview
Thursday, December 09, 2004 2:38 am Email this article
In 1998, the U.S. National Institutes of Health's pubished the first federal guidelines for identifying and treating overweight and obese adults. Here is an overview of that excellent report. 97 million U.S. adults are overweight or obese
An estimated 97 million adults in the U.S. are overweight or obese.
Being overweight increases risk of numerous diseases
Being overweight increases the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers, and higher weights are associated with an increased risk of death. (p. vii and 12)
Being overweight increases blood pressure and cholesterol
Increases in body mass index (BMI) are associated with an increase in blood pressure and total cholesterol, and a decrease in HDL cholesterol.
Risk factors increase 2-fold in obese men and 4-fold in obese women
Men in the highest obesity category are more than twice as likely to have hypertension, high blood cholesterol, or both compared to men of normal weight.
Women in the highest category have four times the risk as normal weight women.
They summarize by saying:
“The evidence is solid that the risk for cardiovascular and other diseases rises significantly when someone is overweight (BMI 25 or more) and that risk of death increases when someone is obese (BMI 30 or more).”
Guidelines were developed by a 24-member panel
The guidelines were developed by a 24-member panel assembled by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), in cooperation with the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). This 254-page document is intended primarily for physicians and health professionals who treat patients for obesity.
This report is excellent.
Download entire report for free
You can download a copy of the 228 page entire report for free. Click on “PDF Document”.
Download Executive Summary for free
You can also download a copy of the 21 page Executive Summary of the report for free.
Download Practical Guide for free
They also make available the 78 page Practical Guide for free.
Download other information about this report
Other information about free products related to this report can be found here.
Products include a BMI Calculator, a BMI Calculator for Palm PDAs, the Obesity Guidelines for Palm PDAs, as well as some other links.
Order by phone
You can also order a copy of this report by calling (301) 251-1222. The cost is $8.50.
Order by fax
You can also order by faxing to (301) 251-1223 your name, address, and Mastercard or Visa number.
Order by mail
To order by mail write to
NHLBI Information Center
PO box 30105
Bethesda, MD 20824-0105 USA
Checks should be made out to NHLBI Information Center in the amount of $8.50.
Single free copies of consumer tips
Single free copies of consumer tips are available by writing to the NHLBI Information Center, P.O. Box 30105, Bethesda, MD 20824-0105.
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