QUICKLINKS AND VIEW OPITONS
South Beach Diet: A summary of its recommendations for losing weight
Sunday, December 05, 2004 10:54 pm Email this article
Below is brief summary of the South Beach Diet recommendations according to an article by Mark A. Moyad, MD, MPH from the University of Michigan's Medical Center.
The diet consists of three phases.
Phase One (2 weeks): Eliminate cravings
The first phase, which lasts two weeks, is to eliminate cravings.
Eliminate all starches, sugars and alcohol
It is accomplished by eliminating all starches such as bread, potatoes, rice and all sugars including fruits and all alcohol.
Eat highly nutritious vegetables and snacks
During Phase 1, highly nutritious vegetables and snacks are recommended.
Expected weight loss during Phase One: 7-13 lbs
The expected weight loss during this phase is 7 to 13 pounds.
Here is a list of foods that are encouraged and discouraged during Phase 1.
Alcohol is discouraged.
Beef: Lean cuts encouraged
Lean cuts of beef, such as sirloin, tenderloin, and top round, are encouraged.
Cheese: Low-fat encouraged
Low-fat and fat-free cheeses, such as American, cheddar, and 1% or 2% or fat-free cottage cheese, cream cheese substitute, dairy-free, feta, mozzarella, Parmesan, provolone, ricotta, and string cheese are encouraged.
Cheese: Full-fat discouraged
Brie, edam, and non-low-fat cheeses are discouraged.
Dairy: Low-fat encouraged
Low-fat or fat-free milk or soy milk are encouraged, as are sugar-free low-fat or fat-free yogurt.
Eggs, including whole eggs, unless limited by your doctor, are encouraged
Fats: Canola and olive oil encouraged
Canola and olive oil are recommended over other oils.
Fruits and fruit juices: Discouraged
Avoid all fruits and fruit juices during Phase 1.
Lunchmeat: Fat-free or low-fat only
Fat-free and low-fat lunchmeats are OK.
Nuts are encouraged. They include almonds (15 per day), macadamias (15 per day), peanuts (20 per day), peanut butter (1 Tablespoon per day), and pistachios (30 per day).
Pork: Low-fat encouraged
Boiled ham, Canadian bacon and tenderloin is encouraged.
Honey-baked ham is discouranged.
Poultry: Skinless encouraged
Skinless poultry is encouraged. This includes Cornish hen, turkey bacon (2 slices per day), turkey and chicken breast.
Chicken wings and legs, duck, goose, and processed poultry products are discouraged.
Fish and Seafood: Encouraged
All types of fish and shellfish are encouraged.
Spices and seasoning: Encouraged
All spices with no added sugar are encouraged, in addition to broth, extracts such as almond and vanilla, horseradish, I Can’t Believe It’s Not Butter spray, and pepper (black, cayenne, red, and white).
Starches and Carbs: Discouraged
Patients are told to avoid all starchy foods during Phase 1 including breads, cereal, matzo, oatmeal, rice, pasta, pastry, and all types of baked goods.
Sweet treats: Limit to 75 calories per day
Limit sweet treats to 75 calories per day. This includes hard and sugar-free candies, chocolate powder with no added sugar, cocoa powder, sugar-free fudge pops, sugar-free gelatin, sugar-free gum, sugar-free popsicles, and sugar substitutes.
Use of soft, low-fat, and lite varieties of tofu are recommended.
Vegetables and legumes: Most types encouraged
The following vegetables are encouraged: artichoke, asparagus, beans (black, butter, chickpeas, green, Italian, kidney, lentils, lima, pigeon, soy, split peas, and wax), broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, collard greens, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, mushrooms, snow peas, spinach, alfalfa sprouts, water chestnuts, zucchini.
The following vegetables are discouraged: beets, corn, potatoes and yams.
Phase 2 Recommendations: Add good carbs such as grains and fruits
In Phase 2 of the diet, patients are told to add “good” carbohydrates such as whole grains and whole fruits.
A glass of wine with diner is encouraged
Patients are also encouraged to add a glass of red or white wine with a meal, which the author of the diet claims may slow digestion.
Phase 3 Recommendations: Maintenance based on making good choices
Phase 3, the maintenance phase, begins once a person has reached their goal weight.
During this phase, there are no real restrictions because the patient is supposed to know enough to make the correct choices, for example, eating brown rice instead of white rice, pita bread instead of white bread, and sweet potatoes instead of white potatoes.
Eat low glycemic index foods (glycemic index less than 55)
The South Beach Diet also encourages patients to eat foods with a low glycemic index of 55 or less, and low glycemic load.
Glycemic index tables
The glycemic index and glycemic load of foods can be found in tables found here.
Moyad M. Fad diets and obesity—part iii: a rapid review of some of the more popular low-carbohydrate diets. Urol Nurs. 2004 Oct, 24(5):442-45.
AUTHOR’S CONTACT INFORMATION
Mark A. Moyad, MD, MPH
University of Michigan Medical Center
Department of Urology
Ann Arbor, MI, USA
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