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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 3: Hypertension
Thursday, December 09, 2004 4:49 am Email this article
Hypertension is 2.1 more common in men and 1.9 times more common in women with a BMI of 30 or more compared to those with a BMI of 25 or less according to the U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines (p. 12). Hypertension: 38% of obese men vs 18% of normal weight men; 32% of obese women vs 17% of normal weight women
Hypertension occurs in 38.4 percent of obese men compared to 18.2 percent of normal-weight men, and 32.2 percent of obese women compared with 16.5 percent of normal-weight women.
Weight gain of 22 lbs increases blood pressure 3/2 mmHg
A weight increase of 22 pound is associated with a 3 mm Hg higher systolic blood pressure and 2.3 mm Hg higher diastolic blood pressure.
Increases risk of heart disease 12%, stroke by 24%
This rise in blood pressure increases the risk of coronary heart disease by an estimated 12 percent and the risk of stroke by 24 percent. (p. 12)
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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