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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 6: Heart disease
Friday, December 10, 2004 9:58 am Email this article
The risk of coronary heart disease increases with BMI. In women, the risk of coronary heart disease is twice as great for overweight women (BMI 25-28.9) as lean women (BMI of 21 or less), and three times as great for obese women (BMI 29 or more) according to the Nurse's Health Study. (p. 16) Gain of 11-18 lbs increases coronary risk in women 25%
A weight gain of 11 to 17.6 pounds increases the risk of non-fatal heart attack and death from coronary heart disease in women by 25 percent.
Gain of 44 lbs increases coronary risk in women 2.5 fold
A weight gain of 44 pounds in women compared to gaining 11 pounds or less increases the risk of coronary heart disease 2.5-fold (an increase of 150 percent). (p. 16)
One BMI unit increases coronary risk 10% in men
In British men, the incidence of coronary heart disease increased with a BMI above 22.
An one unit increase in BMI unit was associated with a 10 percent increase in coronary events. (p. 16) A one unit increase in BMI is roughly 6 pounds for women, and 7 pounds for men.
Being overweight increases risk of congestive heart failure
Excess weight is an independent risk factors for congestive heart failure. The duration of the obesity is a strong predictor. (p. 16)
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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