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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 16: Pregnancy
Monday, December 13, 2004 5:04 am Email this article
Black and white women retain an average of 4.4 to 6.6 pounds with their first pregnancy, however, 42 percent of women retain at least 9 pounds, and 34 percent retain at least 14 pounds according to the U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines (p. 19). 4 lbs retained after one birth, 5 lbs after three
Another study found women retained an average of 3.7 pounds after one birth and 4.9 pounds after three.
Weight gain of 13-17 pounds is necessary during pregnancy
A weight gain of 13-17 pounds is necessary during pregnancy, however, lean women should gain more and heavy women should gain less.
Obesity during pregnancy increases risk of hypertension 10-fold
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with:
- a 10-fold ten-fold increase in hypertension,
- a 10 percent increase in gestational diabetes,
- difficulties with labor and delivery leading to a higher rate of induction and primary Caesarean section,
- an increased risk of congenital malformations, particularly of neural tube defects.
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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