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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 22: Weight loss lowers insulin, blood sugar and diabetes
Wednesday, December 15, 2004 3:16 am Email this article
Weight loss lowers insulin levels, blood sugar levels and reduces the risk of diabetes according to the U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines. Weight loss reduces insulin levels 18-30%
Weight loss reduces fasting insulin levels fell by 18 to 30 percent (p. 39).
Weight loss reduces incidence of diabetes from 68% to 41-46%
One study found diet, exercise, or diet-plus-exercise reduced the incidence of diabetes in patients with impaired glucose tolerance.
After six years the incidence of diabetes was only 44 percent in the diet group, 41 percent in the exercise group, and 46 percent in the diet-plus-exercise group compared to 68 percent in the control group. (p. 40)
Xenical-induced weight loss lowers blood sugar
Weight loss induced by Xenical (orlistat) and life-style changes lowered blood sugar. (p. 40)
Belly fat associated with blood sugar; may or may not be independent of weight loss
Belly fat is associated with impaired glucose tolerance and type II diabetes. However, most studies have not shown improvements to be independent of weight loss. (p. 40)
Fitness improves blood sugar, may not be independent of weight loss.
Improvements in fitness level accompanied by small reductions in weight of 2-3 percent are associated with improvements in blood sugar. (p. 41)
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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