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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 24: Exercise and weight loss
Thursday, December 16, 2004 6:53 am Email this article
Exercise alone causes a modest weight loss of 2-3 percent according to the U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines (p. 77). Exercise and weight loss: 5 lbs or 2.4%
In ten out of twelve exercise studies the average weight loss was 5.3 pounds (2.4 percent).
Exercise and weight loss: 7 lbs in men, 4 lbs in women
In a meta-analysis of twenty-eight studies using aerobic exercise the average weight loss was 6.6 pounds in men and 4.4 pounds in women. (p. 45)
Exercise helps to maintain weight loss and reduce weight gain following smoking cessation
Exercise helps to maintain weight loss, reduces weight gain in women following smoking cessation, and increases fitness independent of weight loss. (p. 45)
Exercise may reduce belly fat, a little
Exercise may or may not reduce abdominal fat modestly.
Exercise reduces the risk for heart disease independent of weight loss
Exercise reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease independent of weight loss. (p. xxi and 46)
Exercise 30 minutes per day
Patients should engage in moderate physical activity, progressing to at least 30 minutes on most or preferably all days of the week.
Walking 30-45 minutes increases calories burned 100-200 per day
Walking 30-45 minutes per day increases calories expended by 100-200 calories per day. (p. xv and 79)
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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