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U.S. NIH’s Obesity Guidelines Part 28: Behavioral strategies for weight loss
Friday, December 17, 2004 2:08 am Email this article
The following behavioral strategies for losing weight are briefly discussed in the U.S. NIH's Obesity Guidelines (p. 81). Self-monitoring
Self-monitoring: Patients monitor their own diet and exercise. Patients are taught to keep a food and exercise diary which includes the amount and type of food, amount of calories, and nutrients, as well as the frequency, intensity, and type of exercise. This can be helpful in recognizing previously unrecognized behavior. (p. 81)
Stress management: Coping strategies, meditation, and relaxation are effective for reducing stress to reduce stress-induced eating.
Stimulus control: Learning to avoid situations of overeating by doing things such as keeping high-calorie foods out of the house.
Problem solving: Learning how to correct problems related to eating and exercise.
Contingency management: Rewarding patients for good behavior.
Cognitive restructuring: Focusing on realistic goals and accurate beliefs about weight loss.
Social support: Maintaining motivation with the help of family and friends.
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults : the evidence report / National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Bethesda, Md.] : National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, . NIH publication No. 98-4083.
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