fatnews.com

Discussion Forums
NEW!

Discussion Forums

Recent Forum Topics
NEW!

Recent Forum Topics
We welcome your comments, experience, expertise and insight on various topics about weight loss in these discussion forums.

STORE

The Store

SEARCH THIS SITE


Advanced Search

SEARCH THE WEB

Google

CONTACT US

  • Contact Us
  • Submit your suggestions to improve this site
  • Submit an article you would like reviewed
  • Suggest a drug, nutrient or diet you would like reviewed
  • TABLES

    BMI Table for adults
    BMI Table defining childhood obesity
    Glycemic Index Tables

    MEMBERS

    Login
    Register

    MAILING LIST

    CATEGORIES

    (Tip: To find articles about a particular subject, either search for a particular word, click "Category View" above, or select the category you are interested in from the list below.)
    5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan)
    9 things I've learned about doctors
    Abilify (aripiprazole)
    Acarbose (Precose)
    Accountability
    ACE Inhibitor
    Acetyl-L-Carnitine
    Acomplia (rimonabant)
    Actonel (risedronate)
    Actos (pioglitazone)
    Adherence (compliance) to treatment
    Adiponectin
    Aging
    AIDS
    Air Conditioning
    Alcohol
    Alcoholism
    Alii (orlistat) - (also see Xenical)
    All-you-can-eat
    Allergies, Food and Brain
    Almonds
    Alpha Lipoic Acid
    Aluminum
    Alzhemier's Disease
    Amantadine (Symmetrel)
    Ambien (zolpidem)
    Amino Acids
    Amitriptyline (See Elavil)
    Amphetamines
    Amylase inhibitors (See Starch Blockers)
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
    Anafranil (clomipramine)
    Angina (chest pain)
    Animal-based diet
    Antibiotics
    Antidepressants
    Antihistamines
    Antipsychotic drugs
    Anxiety
    Arginine
    Arthritis
    Articles by others
    Artificial sweetners (general)
    Aspartic Acid
    Aspirin
    Asthma
    Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder -- ADHD
    Autism
    Avandia (rosiglitazone)
    Axokine
    Bariatric Surgery (See Weight Loss Surgery)
    Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive
    Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride)
    Benefits of weight loss
    Benzodiazepines
    Beta Blockers
    Binge Eating
    Bioidentical hormones
    Birth Control Pills
    Bisphosphonates (osteoporosis drugs)
    Blacks
    Blood Donation
    Blood Pressure
    Blood Pressure Drugs
    Blood Pressure Drugs INCREASED Death in Older women
    Blood sugar
    BMI not perfect
    BMI Table
    BMI, Healthiest (Healthiest BMI)
    Body Composition
    Bone Fractures
    Bone mass
    Book - Blue Zones
    Book - Cholesterol Myths (by Uffe Ravnskov, MD, PhD)
    Book - Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)
    Book - Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial (by Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD)
    Book - Good Calories, Bad Calories (by Gary Taubes)
    Book - Malignant Medical Myths
    Book - Our Daily Meds
    Book - The Black Swan
    Book - The Plant Paradox (by Steven Gundry, MD)
    Book - Why We Get Fat (by Gary Taubes)
    Book: The Three Best Ways to Lose Weight
    Brain Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)
    Breakfast
    Breast-feeding
    Broda Barnes, MD, PhD (thyroid expert)
    Bromocriptine (Ergoset)
    Bulimia
    Bupropion (See Wellbutrin)
    Byetta (exenatide)
    C-reactive protein
    Caffeine
    Calcium
    Calcium Channel Blockers
    Calorie content of food
    Calorie Density of Food
    Calorie Intake
    Calorie intake, Underreporting
    Calorie Restriction
    Cancer
    Cancer screening (Does it do any good?)
    Cancer treatments
    Cancer, Bladder
    Cancer, Bowel
    Cancer, Brain
    Cancer, Breast
    Cancer, Cervical
    Cancer, Colorectal
    Cancer, Endometrial
    Cancer, Gallbadder
    Cancer, Hodgkin's Lymphoma
    Cancer, Kidney
    Cancer, Leukemia
    Cancer, Liver
    Cancer, Lung
    Cancer, Multiple Myeloma
    Cancer, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
    Cancer, Oesophageal
    Cancer, Oesophageal (adenocarcinoma)
    Cancer, others
    Cancer, Ovarian
    Cancer, Pancreatic
    Cancer, Prostate
    Cancer, Stomach (gastric cardia)
    Cannabis (marijuana)
    Caralluma fimbriata
    Carbohydrates
    Carnitine, L- (L-carnitine)
    Carpal tunnel syndrome
    Celexa (citalorpam)
    Cell Phones
    Cereal
    Chelation Therapy, EDTA
    Chemtrails
    Chewing
    Chickenpox
    Childhood Illnesses
    Childhood neglect and abuse
    Childhood Obesity
    Chitosan
    Chocolate (cocoa)
    Cholesterol
    Cholesterol drugs
    Cholesterol Hypothesis Skeptics
    Cholesterol Myths
    Cholesterol, HDL
    Chromium
    Chronic Fatigue
    Citrus aurantium
    CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid)
    Clozaril (clozapine)
    Cobalt
    Cochrane Collaboration
    Codonopsis Eupolyphaga
    Coffee
    Coffee, Decaffeinated
    Cognitive function
    Commercial Weight Loss Programs
    Computer Use
    Conflicts of Interest
    Congestive Heart Failure
    Constipation
    Contrave (Wellbutrin (bupropion) plus naltrexone)
    Copper
    CoQ10 (Coenzyme Q10, ubiquinol, ubiquinone)
    Cortisol (stress hormone)
    Cost of food
    Costs associated with obesity
    Cravings
    Cymbalta (duloxetine)
    Daniel Amen, MD
    Death, Risk of
    Deaths from obesity
    Definitions
    Dementia (see Alzheimer's also)
    Dental Amalgams (mercury fillings)
    Depo-Provera (depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate)
    Depression
    Desire to Lose Weight
    DHEA
    Diabetes
    Diabetes drugs
    Diagnosed Overweight by a Doctor
    Dialysis
    Diet drug use
    Diet Pills (General Info)
    Diet soda
    Dietary Counseling
    Diethylpropion (Tenuate)
    Dieting (General)
    Dieting, Intermittent
    Dinitrophenol
    Disability
    Discrimination against obesity
    Diuretics
    Diverticulitis
    Doctor - Abram Hoffer, MD, PhD
    Doctor - Boyd Haley, PhD
    Doctor - Dr. Kailash Chand
    Doctor - H. Gilbert Welch, MD (author of Overdiagnosed and Less Medicine, More Health)
    Doctor - Irving Kirsch, PhD
    Doctor - Jason Fung, MD
    Doctor - Joel Kauffman, PhD (author of Malignant Medical Myths)
    Doctor - John Abramson, MD (author of Overdosed America)
    Doctor - Jonathan Wright, MD (pioneer in natural medicine)
    Doctor - Kimber Stanhope, PhD
    Doctor - Malcolm Kendrick, MD author of "The Great Cholesterol Con"
    Doctor - Marcia Angell, MD
    Doctor - Mary Enig, PhD
    Doctor - Michel de Lorgeril, MD
    Doctor - Peter Gøtzsche, MD
    Doctor - Robert Lustig, MD
    Doctor - Steven Gundry, MD
    Doctor - Suzanne Humphries, MD
    Doctor - Uffe Ravnskov, MD PhD
    Doctor - William Wilson, MD
    Doctor trends
    Doctors are blind to drug-induced side effects
    Don't fall for this
    Dopamine agonists
    Drug company lies
    Drug Company Money
    Drug Company Salesman
    Drug Company Tactics
    Drug-induced Side Effects
    Dry Skin
    Duodenal Switch (weight loss surgery)
    Eating time of day
    Economic Issues and Obesity
    Education
    Eggs
    Elavil (amitriptyline)
    Elderly
    Elderly, risk of obesity
    Electrolyte abnormalities (magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphate)
    Empatic (Zonegran plus Wellbutrin)
    Environmental chemicals
    Ephedrine/Ephedra
    Epigenetics
    Erectile Dysfunction
    Escitalopram (Lexapro)
    Estrogen replacement therapy
    Evening Primrose Oil
    Every Other Day Modified Fast
    Excalia
    Exercise
    Exhaustion
    Fast Food
    Fasting, Intermittent
    Fat Cells
    Fat Intake (Dietary Fat)
    Fat loss
    Fat Oxidation
    Fat Replacers
    Fat, Body (Body Fat)
    Fat, Dietary
    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)
    Fen-Phen
    Fertility (see Pregnancy)
    Fiber (Dietary Fiber)
    Fiber supplements
    Fidgeting
    Fish
    Fish Oil (omega-3 fatty acids)
    Flaxseed
    Food Allergies (See Allergies, Food and Brain)
    Food Cues
    Food Diary
    Food Intake statistics
    Food preferences associated with obesity
    Food Pyramid
    Food Safety
    Food's effect on appetite
    Foods associated with higher and lower body weight
    Foods Associated with Weight Gain
    Forskolin (from the plant Coleus forskohlii)
    Fosamax (alendronate)
    Fructose
    Fruit
    Fucoxanthin
    GABA
    Gallbadder Disease
    Gallstones
    Garlic
    Gastro-esophageal reflux disease
    General Health Checks
    Genes and genetics
    Geodon (ziprasidone)
    Ghrelin
    Ginger
    Ginseng
    GLA (Gamma Linolenic Acid)
    GLA - Gamma Linolenic Acid
    Glucomannan (konjac root)
    Glucophage (metformin)
    Glutamine (amino acid)
    Glycemic Index
    Glycemic Index Tables
    Glycomacropeptide
    GMO foods (genetically modified organisms)
    Grains
    Grapefruit
    Green coffee bean extract
    Green Tea
    Group Therapy
    Growth Hormone
    Guar gum
    Gut Bacteria
    Gwen Olsen
    Habits associated with obesity
    Habits of being lean
    Hair Loss (caused by weight loss)
    Haldol (haloperidol)
    Hawaiian Diet
    HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
    Headaches
    Health Insurance
    Health Risks of obesity
    Heart Attack (myocardial infarction)
    Heart Disease
    Heart Disease, Coronary - Skeptics of the Cholesterol Hypothesis
    Heavy metal toxicity
    Herbal formula, Number Ten
    Herbal formula, PM-F2-OB
    Hibiscus tea
    High Carbohydrate Diet
    High-Fructose Corn Syrup
    High-Protein / Low-Carb Diets
    Histamine levels
    History
    Holiday Weight Gain
    Homocysteine
    Hoodia
    Hop extract, isomerized
    Hunger
    Hydralazine
    Hydrogenated vegetable oil (partially hydrogenated oil)
    Hydroxycitrate (HCA)
    Hypoglycemia
    Hypothyroidism, including Type 2 Hypothyroidism
    IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor-1)
    Income level
    Infections
    Infertility
    Influenza (Flu)
    Injuries
    Insulin
    Insulin sensitivity
    Interview with Patients
    Interview with Stephen Gullo, PhD
    Interviews with Doctors
    Iodine
    Jenny Craig Weight Loss Program
    Joan Mathews Larson, PhD
    John Ioannidis
    Just for Fun
    Kidney Disease
    Kidney Injury, Acute
    Kidney stones
    Kidney Stones
    Konjac root (See glucomannan)
    Krill Oil
    Lap Band Surgery
    Lead (heavy metal toxicity)
    Lean, things associated with being
    Legumes
    Leptin
    Lesbians
    Leucine (amino acid)
    Life Expectancy
    Lipolysis (release of fat from fat cells)
    Liposuction
    Lipozene (see glucomannan)
    Liquid Calories
    Liraglutide
    Longevity
    Lorcaserin (also see Belviq (lorcaserin hydrochloride))
    Low Calorie Diet
    Low Carbohydrate Diets
    Low Fat Diets
    Low Stomach Acid
    Lp(a)
    Ludiomil (maprotiline)
    Luvox (fluvoxamine)
    Magnesium
    Maitake mushroom
    Mammography
    Marijuana (see Cannabis)
    Mark Starr, MD
    Married or Single
    Meal Frequency
    Meal Replacement Shakes
    Measles
    Measurments of obesity
    Meat, Red
    Mediterranean Diet
    Medium chain triglycerides (MCT's)
    Men, studies about
    Menopause
    Menstruation
    Mercury
    Mercury fillings (Dental amalgams)
    Meridia (sibutramine)
    Metabolic syndrome (also see Insulin Sensitivity)
    Metabolism
    Mifeprex (mifepristone)
    Milk and Dairy
    Mineral aspartates
    Mirapex (pramipexole)
    Mirtazapine (antidepressant Remeron)
    Moban (molindone)
    Monounsaturated fat (Olive Oil and Canola Oil)
    Mortality associated with obesity
    Motivational techniques for losing weight
    Movies
    MSG (monosodium glutamate)
    Multiple Myeloma (See Cancer, Multiple Myeloma)
    Mumps
    Myths, Medical Myths
    N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC)
    Naltrexone
    Nasal Blockage
    Nassim Taleb
    Natural Treatments
    Nestatin-1
    Neurontin (gabapentin)
    Niacin (vitamin B3)
    Nicotine
    Night Eating Syndrome
    Night workers/shift workers
    No Dinner Diet
    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Nortriptyline (See Pamelor)
    Nutrasweet (aspartame)
    Nuts (also see Almonds)
    Obesity Forecasts
    Obesity Guidelines, NIH
    Obesity statistics
    Obesity Statistics, US States
    Obesity, Causes of
    Obesity, Factors associated with
    Oleoyl-estrone
    Olestra
    Olive Oil
    Omega-3 Fatty Acids (fish oil)
    Omega-6 Fatty Acids
    Onions
    Oolong Tea
    Opinion
    Orthomolecular Medicine
    Osteoporosis drugs (Bisphosphonates)
    Over-treatment
    Paleo Diet
    Pamelor (nortriptyline)
    Parent's influence on obesity
    Parkinson's Disease
    Paroxetine (antidepressant Paxil)
    PCSK9 inhibitors (cholesterol-lowering drugs)
    Pedometer
    Periactin (cyproheptadine)
    Periodontal Gum Disease
    Personal stories about weigh loss
    Phen-Pro (Phentermine-Prozac or other SSRIs)
    Phendimetrazine (Bontril)
    Phentermine
    Phenylephrine
    Phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors, sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), vardenafil (Levitra)
    Plastic's effect on body weight
    Plate Size
    Pokeweed extract
    Polar Weight Management Program
    Polio Vaccine (Salk Vaccine)
    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
    Polyunsaturated Fat
    Port, Sidney (UCLA statistician)
    Portion size, effect on calore intake
    Post-traumatic stress disorder
    Postnatal weight gain (immediately after birth)
    Postpartum depression
    Potassium
    Pramlintide (see Symlin)
    Predicted Weight Loss
    Pregnancy
    Pregnant women, effects on offspring
    Prejudice against obesity
    Prevalence of Obesity
    Prices for drugs
    Prolixin (fluphenazine)
    Prostate, Enlarged
    Protamine
    Protein (general)
    Protein from meat
    Protein from nuts & seeds
    Protein from plants
    Protein Leverage Theory
    Protein Source
    Protein supplement
    Protein, High, Diet
    Protein, Low, Diet
    Protein, Soy
    Proton pump inhibitors
    Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI's)
    Prozac (fluoxetine)
    PSA Test (Prostate Specific Antigen)
    Psychiatric Drugs
    Pu-erh Tea (Chinese Black Tea)
    Pursuing Weight Control
    Pyruvate
    Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate) (formerly Qnexa)
    Quality of Life
    Quercetin
    Radiation (background ionizing radiation)
    Rate of Eating
    Raw food diet
    Red Yeast Rice
    Resistant Starch
    Resveratrol
    Rhodiola rosea (Golden root or Arctic root)
    Rice
    Richard Moore, MD, PhD
    Risperdal (risperidone)
    Ritalin (methylphenidate)
    Robert Skversky, MD
    Robert Whitaker (author & journalist)
    Rubidium
    Saccharin (artificial sweetner)
    Saturated Fat
    Sauna
    Scams
    Schizophrenia
    Seizures
    Self-help weight loss
    Self-reported height and weight
    Self-reported intake
    Serentil (mesoridazine)
    Serlect (sertindole)
    Seroquel (quetiapine)
    Serotonin Syndrome
    Serzone (nefazodone)
    Sex and Sexual Activity
    Sexual abuse
    Shift Workers
    Sick Days
    Simmondsin (jojoba plant seed extract)
    Skinny on Obesity video series
    Sleep
    Sleeping pills
    Smoking's effect on weight
    Snacks
    Snoring
    Social Influence
    Sodium Intake
    Soft drinks (Coke, Pepsi, etc.)
    South Beach Diet
    Splenda (sucralose)
    Spouses
    SSRI's
    Starch Blockers (Amylase inhibitors)
    Statin Nation (documentary)
    Statins
    Stearic Acid (in beef and chocolate)
    Stents (coronary artery stents)
    Strattera (atomoxetine)
    Strength Training
    Stress
    Stroke, hemorrhagic
    Stroke, ischemic
    Sugar Addiction
    Sugar intake
    Suicide
    Sumatriptan
    Sun Bathing, Benefits of
    Surmontil (trimipramine)
    Symlin (pramlintide)
    Symlin (pramlintide)
    Sympathetic Nervous Activity (SNS)
    Taranabant
    Taste
    Taubes, Gary
    Taxes and Obesity
    Tea
    Television Watching
    Temperature, House
    Tenuate (See diethylpropion)
    Termite fumigation (with sulfuryl fluoride)
    Tesofensine
    Testosterone
    Thermogenesis
    Thermography
    Thimerosal (mercury-containing preservative)
    Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
    Thyroid Function
    Thyroid supplement
    Thyroid, Desiccated
    Timeline related to obesity discoveries
    Tofranil (imipramine)
    Tofu (soybean curd)
    Tonsils
    Too much medicine
    Topamax (topiramate)
    TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly)
    Trans Fats
    Trazedone (antidepressant)
    Tricyclic antidepressants
    Triglyceride levels
    Tryptophan
    Underreporting weight
    Urinary incontinence
    Vaccines
    Vegetable-based Diet
    Vegetables
    Vegetables, Raw
    Vegetarians
    Venlafaxine (antidepressant Effexor)
    Ventricular arrhythmias
    Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
    Very-Low-Calorie Diets
    Vibration, Whole Body
    Vinegar
    Virus and Bacteria associated with obesity
    Virus, obesity (adenovirus-36)
    Visual Cues
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin D
    Vitamins
    Waist measurement
    Waist-to-Hip Ratio
    Wansink, Brian (studies done by)
    Water
    Weighing, Self
    Weight cycling (gaining and losing)
    Weight gain
    Weight Lifting
    Weight Loss Expectations
    Weight Loss Programs
    Weight Loss Strategies
    Weight Loss Success (what successful weight losers do)
    Weight Loss Supplements
    Weight Loss Supplements, Adulterated
    Weight loss surgery
    Weight Loss Surgery - Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
    Weight Loss, Benefits of
    Weight loss, Rate of
    Weight loss, risks of
    Weight Maintenance
    Weight monitoring
    Weight Perception
    Weight Watchers
    Weight-gaining drugs
    Wellbutrin (bupropion)
    Wine, Red
    Women, studies about
    Work, Lost Days
    Xenical (orlistat)
    YouTube videos
    Zerona laser
    Zetia (ezetimibe)
    Zinc
    Zocor (simvastatin)
    Zoloft (sertraline)
    Zonegran (zonisamide)
    Zyprexa (olanzapine)

    ARCHIVES

    December, 2019
    November, 2019
    October, 2019
    September, 2019
    August, 2019
    July, 2019
    June, 2019
    May, 2019
    April, 2019
    March, 2019
    January, 2019
    December, 2018

    ARCHIVE SUMMARY

    View by Date
    View by Category

    RSS / XML


    RSS 1.0
    RSS 2.0
    RSS Atom

    WEATHER

    Weather around the country
    Home page  >  Article | Previous article | Next article

    QUICKLINKS AND VIEW OPITONS

  • Articles with Recent Comments
  • Recent Forum Topics
  • Summary View
  • Headline View
  • Archive of Quotes
  • Follow @fatnews

    All calories are NOT equal says Kimber Stanhope, PhD who found fructose increases small dense LDL


    Posted by .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
    Tuesday, April 10, 2012 11:55 am Email this article

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: The mantra that you hear from most nutritionists is that a calorie is a calorie is a calorie.


    Kimber Stanhope, PhD: And I think the results of the study showed clearly that is not true.


    Stanhope has found that fructose increase small dense LDL cholesterol as well as other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

    “The chances are good that sugar is a bigger part of your daily diet than you may realize which is why our story tonight is so important,” Dr. Sanjay Gupta noted on the television show ‘60 Minutes’ on April 1, 2012.

    “New research coming out of some of America’s most respected institutions is starting to find that sugar, the way many people are eating it today, is a toxin and could be a driving force behind some of this country’s leading killers, including heart disease.”

    “As a result of these findings, an anti-sugar campaign has sprung up, led by Dr. Robert Lustig, a California endocrinologist, who believes the consumption of added sugars has plunged America into a public health crisis,” Dr. Sanjay Gupta continued.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Is sugar toxic?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: I believe it is.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Do you ever worry that that’s—it just sounds a little bit over the top?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Sure. All the time. But it’s the truth.

    Dr. Robert Lustig is a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of California, San Francisco and a pioneer in what is becoming a war against sugar.

    Motivated by his own patients—too many sick and obese children - Dr. Lustig has concluded that sugar, more than any other substance, is to blame.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: What are all these various diseases that you say are linked to sugar?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Obesity, type II diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease itself.

    Lustig says the American lifestyle is killing us.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: And most of it you say is preventable?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Seventy-five percent of it is preventable.

    While Dr. Lustig has published a dozen scientific articles on the evils of sugar, it was his lecture on YouTube, called “Sugar: The Bitter Truth,” that brought his message to the masses.

    [YouTube Video: I’m standing here today to recruit you in the war against bad food.]

    By “bad food” Dr. Lustig means the obvious things such as table sugar, honey, syrup, sugary drinks and desserts, but also just about every processed food you can imagine, where sugar is often hidden: yogurts and sauces, bread, and even peanut butter. And what about the man-made, often vilified sweetener, high fructose corn syrup?

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Is it worse than just table sugar?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: No. ‘Cause it’s the exact same. They are basically equivalent. The problem is they’re both bad. They’re both equally toxic.

    Since the 1970s, sugar consumption has gone down nearly 40 percent, but high fructose corn syrup has more than made up the difference. Dr. Lustig says they are both toxic because they both contain fructose—that’s what makes them sweet and irresistible.

    Dr. Robert Lustig: We love it. We go out of our way to find it. I think one of the reasons evolutionarily is because there is no food stuff on the planet that has fructose that is poisonous to you. It is all good. So when you taste something that’s sweet, it’s an evolutionary Darwinian signal that this is a safe food.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: We were born this way?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: We were born this way.

    Central to Dr. Lustig’s theory is that we used to get our fructose mostly in small amounts of fruit—which came loaded with fiber that slows absorption and consumption—after all, who can eat 10 oranges at a time? But as sugar and high fructose corn syrup became cheaper to refine and produce, we started gorging on them. Americans now consume 130 pounds per person a year—that’s a third of a pound every day.

    Dr. Lustig believes those sweeteners are helping fuel an increase in the most deadly disease in America: heart disease. For years, he’s been a controversial voice.

    [Kimber Stanhope: Here is our oral isotope…]

    But now, studies done by Kimber Stanhope, a nutritional biologist at the University of California, Davis are starting to back him up. She’s in the middle of a groundbreaking, five-year study which has already shown strong evidence linking excess high fructose corn syrup consumption to an increase in risk factors for heart disease and stroke. That suggests calories from added sugars are different than calories from other foods.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: The mantra that you hear from most nutritionists is that a calorie is a calorie is a calorie.

    Kimber Stanhope: And I think the results of the study showed clearly that is not true.

    Stanhope’s conclusions weren’t easy to come by. Nutrition studies are expensive and difficult. Stanhope has paid groups of research subjects to live in this hospital wing for weeks at a time, under a sort of 24-hour lockdown. They undergo scans and blood tests - every calorie they ingest, meticulously weighed and prepared.

    Kimber Stanhope: They’re never out of our sight. So we do know that they are consuming exactly what we need them to consume.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: And they’re not sneaking any candy bars on the side.

    Kimber Stanhope: Yeah, right, exactly.

    For the first few days, participants eat a diet low in added sugars, so baseline blood levels can be measured.

    [Research assistant: So remember you guys have to finish all of your Kool-Aid. ]

    Then, 25 percent of their calories are replaced with sweetened drinks and Stanhope’s team starts drawing blood every 30 minutes around the clock. And those blood samples? They revealed something disturbing.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: And what are you starting to see?

    Kimber Stanhope: We found that the subjects who consumed high fructose corn syrup had increased blood levels of LDL cholesterol and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: How quickly did these changes occur?

    Kimber Stanhope: Within two weeks.

    Kimber Stanhope’s study suggests that when a person consumes too much sweet stuff, the liver gets overloaded with fructose and converts some of it into fat. Some of that fat ends up in the bloodstream and helps generate a dangerous kind of cholesterol called small dense LDL. These particles are known to lodge in blood vessels, form plaque and are associated with heart attacks.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Did it surprise you when you first got these results back?

    Kimber Stanhope: I would have to say I was surprised because when I saw our data, I started drinking and eating a whole lot less sugar. I would say our data surprised me.

    So imagine, for these healthy young people, drinking a sweetened drink might be just as bad for their hearts as the fatty cheeseburgers we’ve all been warned about since the 1970s. That’s when a government commission mandated that we lower fat consumption to try and reduce heart disease.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: So with the best of intentions, they say, “Time to reduce fat in the American diet?”

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Exactly. And we did. And guess what? Heart disease, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and death are skyrocketing.

    Dr. Lustig believes that’s primarily because we replaced a lot of that fat with added sugars.

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Take the fat out of food, it tastes like cardboard. And the food industry knew that. So they replaced it with sugar.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: This idea that sugar increases this particularly bad LDL, the small dense particles that are associated with heart disease. Do most doctors—do they know this?

    Dr. Robert Lustig: No, they do not know this. This is new.

    And it turns out, sugar has become a major focus in cancer research too. Lewis Cantley, is looking at the connection.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: If you limit your sugar you decrease your chances of developing cancer?

    Lewis Cantley: Absolutely.

    Cantley, a Harvard professor and the head of the Beth Israel Deaconess Cancer Center, says when we eat or drink sugar, it causes a sudden spike in the hormone insulin, which can serve as a catalyst to fuel certain types of cancers.

    Lewis Cantley: What we’re beginning to learn is that insulin can cause adverse effects in the various tissues. And of particular concern is cancer.

    Why? Nearly a third of some common cancers—including breast and colon cancers—have something called insulin receptors on their surface. Insulin binds to these receptors and signals the tumor to start consuming glucose.

    Lewis Cantley: This is your body…

    Every cell in our body needs glucose to survive. But the trouble is, these cancer cells also use it to grow.

    Lewis Cantley: So if you happen to have the tumor that has insulin receptors on it then it will get stimulated to take up the glucose that’s in the bloodstream rather than go into fat or muscle, the glucose goes into the tumor. And the tumor uses it to grow.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: So you’ve just seen that tumor turn blue which is essentially reflective of glucose going into it.

    Lewis Cantley: That’s right.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: So these cancers, much in the same way that muscle will say, “Hey, I’d like some of that glucose, the fat says, “I would like some of that glucose,” the cancers have learned how to do this themselves as well?

    Lewis Cantley: Yes. So they have evolved the ability to hijack that flow of glucose that’s going by in the bloodstream into the tumor itself.

    Lewis Cantley’s research team is working on developing drugs that will cut off the glucose supply to cancer cells and keep them from growing. But until there’s a breakthrough, Cantley’s advice? Don’t eat sugar. And if you must, keep it to a minimum.

    Lewis Cantley: In fact—I—you know, I live my life that way. I rarely eat sugar.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: When you see a sugary drink or if I were to offer you one, what—with all that you know, what’s going through your mind?

    Lewis Cantley: I probably would turn it down and get a glass of water.

    But for most of us, that’s easier said than done…

    Eric Stice: It turns out sugar is much more addictive than I think we had sort of realized early on.

    Eric Stice, a neuroscientist at the Oregon Research Institute, is using functional MRI scanners to learn how our brains respond to sweetness.

    Eric Stice: Sugar activates our brain in a special way. That’s very reminiscent of, you know, drugs like cocaine.

    That’s right. Cocaine.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Let’s give it a shot…

    I climbed into the MRI scanner to see how my brain would respond. That’s a straw that’s been rigged to deliver a tiny sip of soda into my mouth.

    Eric Stice: Stay as still as you can, ok?

    Just as it hit my tongue, the scanner detected increased blood rushing to certain regions of my brain. In these images, the yellow areas show that my reward region is responding to the sweet taste. Dopamine - a chemical that controls the brain’s pleasure center - is being released, just as it would in response to drugs or alcohol.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: So dopamine is released. That sort of makes me feel good. I’m experiencing some pleasure from having this Coke.

    Eric Stice: Right, that euphoric effect.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: So far be it for people to realize this ‘cause sugar is everywhere, but you’re saying this is one of the most addictive substances possibly that we have?

    Eric Stice: It certainly is very good at firing the reward regions in our brain.

    Eric Stice says by scanning hundreds of volunteers, he’s learned that people who frequently drink sodas or eat ice cream or other sweet foods may be building up a tolerance, much like drug users do. As strange as it sounds, that means the more you eat, the less you feel the reward. The result: you eat more than ever.

    Eric Stice: If you overeat these on a regular basis it causes changes in the brain that basically it blunts your reward region response to the food, so then you eat more and more to achieve the same satisfaction you felt originally.

    With all this new science emerging, we wanted to hear from the sugar industry, so we visited Jim Simon, who’s on the board of the Sugar Association, at a sugar cane farm in Louisiana.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Would it surprise you that almost every scientist that we talked to in researching this story told us they are eliminating all added sugars. They’re getting rid of it because they’re concerned about the health impacts.

    Jim Simon: To say that the American consuming public is going to completely omit, eliminate, sweeteners out of their diet I don’t think gets us there.

    Simon cautions that eliminating sugar wrongly vilifies one food, rather than working towards the long-term solution of reducing calories and exercising.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: You know, a lot of people, Jim, are saying that sugar is different. That it is bad for your heart and is causing a lot of the problems we’re talking about. It is addictive and in some cases might even fuel cancers. What would you - I mean you’ve looked at this. You must have looked at some of these studies. What do you say about that?

    Jim Simon: The science is not completely clear here.

    Dr. Sanjay Gupta: But some of that’s, but some of these studies exist. I mean, what is a consumer, what are they to make of all that?

    Jim Simon: Well, I would say to them, that they’ve got to approach, their diet in balance.

    Dr. Robert Lustig agrees—we need a balanced diet—but his idea of balance is a drastic reduction in sugar consumption. To that end he co-authored an American Heart Association report recommending men should consume no more than 150 calories of added sugars a day. And women, just 100 calories. That’s less than the amount in just one can of soda.

    Dr. Robert Lustig: Ultimately this is a public health crisis. And when it’s a public health crisis, you have to do big things and you have to do them across the board. Tobacco and alcohol are perfect examples. We have made a conscious choice that we’re not going to get rid of them, but we are going to limit their consumption. I think sugar belongs in this exact same wastebasket.

    Reference

    The video is posted here.

    Articles on the same subject can be found here:


    COMMENTS

    Please feel free to share your comments about this article.


    Name:

    Email:

    Comments:

    Please enter the word you see in the image below:


    Remember my personal information

    Notify me of follow-up comments?



    © Copyright 2003-2017 - Larry Hobbs - All Rights Reserved.