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Low-carbohydrate diets reduced blood pressure, blood sugar, insulin, triglycerides, increased HDL
Monday, September 03, 2012 9:20 am Email this article
Weight loss on a low-carbohydrate diet was associated with improvements in a number of cardiovascular risk factors including:
- 5 mm Hg decrease in systolic blood pressure
- 3 mm Hg decrease in diastolic blood pressure
- 1 mg per deciliter drop in fasting blood sugar
- 2.2 micro IU per millileter drop in fasting insulin
- 30 mg per deciliter drop in triglyceride levels
- 0.2% drop in glycated haemoglobin
- 1.7 mg per deciliter decrease in C-reactive protein
- 2.5 inch decrease in waist circumference
- 1.7 mg per deciliter increase in HDL levels
“Low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol and creatinine did not change significantly, whereas limited data exist concerning plasma uric acid,” the paper noted.
This according to a analysis of 17 low-carbohydrate studies which involved a total of 1,141 obese patients.
Santos FL, Esteves SS, da Costa Pereira A, Yancy WS, and Nunes JP. Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials of the effects of low carbohydrate diets on cardiovascular risk factors. Obes Rev 2012; published early on-line.
Author’s Contact Info
Dr JPL Nunes
Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto
Alameda Prof. Hernani Monteiro
4200 Porto, Portugal
W. S. Yancy, Jr
Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, USA
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