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As sugar intake increases, the risk of dying from heart attack or stroke increases
Tuesday, May 15, 2018 9:35 am Email this article
As sugar intake increases, the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (heart attack or stroke) increases according to a recent analysis by researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
During an average follow-up of 14.6 years, compared to the one-fifth of people consuming the least amount of added sugar:
- the one-fifth consuming the next most amount of sugar were 7% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
- the one-fifth consuming the third highest amount of sugar were 18% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
- the one-fifth consuming the second highest amount of sugar were 38% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease
- the one-fifth consuming the most amount of sugar were 103% more likely to die from cardiovascular disease (2X as likely to die from CVD)
This was after adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity as well as sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics.
Conclusion: High sugar intake associated with greater risk of dying from heart attack and stroke
“A higher percentage of calories from added sugar is associated with significantly increased risk of CVD mortality,” the authors of the paper concluded.
Subjects: data from 43,000 people
They analyzed data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 1988-1994 [III], 1999-2004, and 2005-2010 [which included 31,147 people] for the time trend analysis and NHANES III Linked Mortality cohort (1988-2006 [which included 11,733 people]), a prospective cohort of a nationally representative sample of US adults for the association study.
The average follow-up was 14.6 years.
Yang Q, Zhang Z, Gregg EW, Flanders WD, Merritt R, and Hu FB. Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults. JAMA Intern Med, 2014 Apr; 174(4): 516-524.
Author’s Contact Info
Quanhe Yang, PhD
Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
4770 Buford Hwy, Mail Stop F-72
Atlanta, GA 30341 USA
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