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People who skipped breakfast were 2.6 times more likely to have generalized atherosclerosis
Saturday, March 03, 2018 8:53 am Email this article
People who skipped breakfast were 2.6 times more likely to have generalized atherosclerosis independent of other cardiovascular risk factors than those who ate breakfast according to the PESA (Progression of Early Subclinical Atherosclerosis) study, of adults 40- to 54-years-old.
“Skipping breakfast is associated with an increased odds of prevalent noncoronary and generalized atherosclerosis independently of the presence of conventional [cardiovascular] risk factors,” the authors of the study concluded.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
The average body mass index (BMI) was as follows:
- BMI 25.0 for those eating more than 20% of calories at breakfast (a high-energy breakfast)
- BMI 26.7 for those eating more than 5-20% of calories at breakfast (a low-energy breakfast)
- BMI 28.0 for those who skipped breakfast
Uzhova I, Fuster V, Fernandez-Ortiz A, Ordovas JM, Sanz J, Fernandez-Friera L, Lopez-Melgar B, Mendiguren JM, Ibanez B, Bueno H, and Penalvo JL. The Importance of Breakfast in Atherosclerosis Disease: Insights From the PESA Study. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2017 Oct 10; 70(15): 1833-1842.
Author’s Contact Info
Dr. Jose L. Peñalvo
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
150 Harrison Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts 02111 USA
Dr. Valentin Fuster
Fundación Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC)
Melchor Fernández Almagro 3
28029 Madrid, Spain
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