QUICKLINKS AND VIEW OPITONS
Time-line of events relating to obesity and eating disorders
Tuesday, May 04, 2004 2:52 pm Email this article
Here is a time-line of events relating to obesity and eating disorders according to "The Encyclopedia of Obesity and Eating Disorders" by Dana K. Cassell and Felix E. Larocca. Please let me know if you are aware of other milestones that should be included. Thanks.
The term anorexia nervosa is first used by physician Sir William Gull.
C. Von Noorden classified obesity into two types: exogenous, due to overeating and under-exercising; and endogenous, due to metabolism.
The skinfold test to measure obesity is introduced.
Reducing drug called dinitro-ortho-creso is introduced.
Doctors in Budapest surgically removed 93 pounds of fat from 379-pound man.
Scientists at Brown University link obesity to heredity.
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company starts drive to curb obesity.
Dorset Foods begins marketing canned foods with calorie information printed on the label. Knickerbocker Hospital in New York establishes obesity treatment center
J. Wolpe attempts to treat overeating with classical aversion methods using electric shock
U.S. House subcommittee holds hearings on misleading remedies for weight loss. Better Business Bureau says Americans spent $100 million in 1956 on worthless remedies. Phenylpropanolamine is declared harmful
First Metropolitan Life Insurance Company height and weight tables are published.
Milk companies begin to market skim milk as diet food.
Yale doctors find link between weight gain and heart problems.
First intestinal bypass operation for weight loss.
The U.S. Public Health Service reports on obesity as a major health problem and finds diets are of limited value and urges exercise. The report rejects height/weight charts to test for obesity and recommends skinfold pinch test instead. Study finds males 7 pounds heavier and females 11 pounds heavier than in the 1959 Metropolitan Life charts. Study finds colleges discriminate against obese in admissions.
A Senate subcommittee probes diet pill industry, charging that manufacturers recruit doctors to promote drugs.
Higher-paid executives found thinner than lower-paid employees.
FDA proposes limiting manufacture of amphetamines.
Americans spend $2 billion on useless gadgets and $10 billion on useless pills.
FDA study finds diet pills are no aid to weight loss. FDA mails bulletin to 600,000 health professionals warning of the hazards of diet pills
FDA recalls amphetamines. Bureau of Narcotics places restrictions of non-amphetamine prescription diet pills including benphetamine, fenfluramine & phendimetrazine. More than half of Canadians are found overweight due to sedentary life-style.
FDA announces human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) worthless for weight loss
46 deaths and 200 injuries associated with liquid protein diets. Americans are 4 lbs heavier than a decade earlier. 3.3 million prescriptions written for amphetamines.
Study shows overeating, not heredity primary cause of obesity. FDA panel finds phenylpropanolamine (PPA) helpful for some dieters. FDA bans use of amphetamines for weight loss.
Liposuction is first reported.
New height/weight tables increase weights 2-13 lbs for men, 3-8 lbs for women.
NIH defines obesity as a disease.
Two studies show evidence of genetic cause of obesity. Anorectics and bulimics double from 3% to 7% in previous two years indicating pressure for thinness.
Five-year study by Dr. Thomas Wadden shows 98% of dieters regain all lost weight within five years.
The Mayo Clinic reports finding heart valve damage in patients taking either fenflurlamine or dexfenfluramine.
Meridia (sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on November 24, 1997.
Xenical (orlistat) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on April 23, 1999.
The Encyclopedia of Obesity & Eating Disorders : Book Review
by Dana K. Cassell and Felix E. Larocca, 1994, Facts on File,
ISBN 0-8160-1985-1, 259 pages
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