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    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load: Traditional Foods (Pacific Islander)


    Posted by .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
    Friday, August 20, 2004 1:00 am Email this article
    Below is a table with the glycemic index and glycemic loads of traditional foods of Pacific Islanders.

    High glycemic index foods increase calorie intake by 50 to 80 percent when compared to medium- and low-glycemic index foods according to one study.

    Low glycemic index foods reduce calorie intake and are associated with lower body weights.

    Some researchers believe that low-carbohydrate diets work because they are low glycemic index and low glycemic load foods.

    Glycemic index is how quickly a given amount of food raises blood sugar levels relative to pure glucose (blood sugar).

    Glycemic load is a ranking of how much a standard serving of food raises your blood sugar. Glycemic load is calculated by multiplying the amount of carbohydrate in a food by the glycemic index and dividing by 100. Glycemic load of a food is a better tool than the glycemic index value of a food when evaluating the foods you eat.

    A more complete description of glycemic index and glycemic load can be found here.

         

    Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Traditional Foods of Ethnic Groups

     
    INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS
    Glycemic
      Index
    Glycemic
        Load
       
    Serving
      size
    Available
      carbohydrate
     
    (Glucose = 100)
    (per serving)
    grams
    grams per serving
    Pacific Islanders
        721 Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) (Australia)
       68
    18
    120
    27
        722 Banana/plantain, green
            Green banana, boiled (New Zealand)
     38 ± 10
    8
    120
    21
        723 Sweet potato
            Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) (Australia)
       44
    11
    150
    25
            Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)
     77 ± 12
    19
    150
    25
            Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)
     78 ± 6
    20
    150
    25
            Average of 3 studies
     66 ± 11
    17
    150
    28
        724 Taro
            Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled, boiled (Australia)
       54
            Taro, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)
     56 ± 12
            Average of 2 studies
     55 ± 1
    4
    150
    8
        725 Yam
            Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)
     25 ± 4
            Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)
     35 ± 5
            Average of 2 groups of subjects
     30 ± 5
    13
    150
    36

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