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Patients with coronary artery disease lost an average of 98 pounds after weight loss surgery
Monday, September 26, 2005 6:33 am Email this article
"Bariatric surgery [is safe and] should be considered for treating patients with [coronary artery disease] and class II or III obesity [that is a body mass index of 35 or above]," concludes a study from the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Rochester, Minnesota, USA. WEIGHT LOSS
Average weight loss: 98 pounds
Patients with coronary artery disease lost an average of 97 pounds, dropping from an average of 323 pounds to 211 pounds.
BMI dropped from 50 to 36
Body mass index (BMI) dropped from an average of 50 to 36.
Average follow-up: 2.5 years
The average time of follow-up in this study after surgery was 2.5 years.
Cardiovascular complications in patients with CAD vs patients without: 5.8% vs 1.4%
Three out of 52 patients, or 5.8 percent, with coronary artery disease (CAD) had cardiovascular complications following surgery compared to seven out of 507 patients, or 1.4 percent, without coronary artery disease.
Blood pressure dropped: 142/82 vs 132/73
Blood pressure dropped from an average of 142/82 mmHg to 132/73.
Blood sugar dropped: 149 to 113
Fasting blood sugar levels dropped from 149 to 113 mg per deciliter.
LDL dropped: 116 to 75; triglycerides dropped: 198 to 119
LDL cholesterol levels dropped from 116 mg per deciliter to 75, and triglyceride levels dropped from 198 mg per deciliter to 119.
Glycosylated hemoglobin dropped: 9% vs 6%
Glycosylated hemoglobin dropped from 9 percent to 6 percent.
(Glycosylated hemoglobin is a measure of how well you are controlling your diabetes. Blood glucose binds to hemoglobin through a process called glycosylation. The higher the blood sugar the more glucose binds to the hemoglobin. A blood test can measure the amount of glycosylation that has occurred revealing the average blood glucose levels for the previous three to four months before the test.)
Lopez-Jimenez F, Bhatia S, Collazo-Clavell ML, Sarr M, Somers VK. Safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in patients with coronary artery disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Sep, 80(9):1157-62.
AUTHOR’S CONTACT INFORMATION
Department of Internal Medicine and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, MN 55905, USA
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