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People consuming more than 21 artificially-sweetened beverages per week twice as likely to be obese
Friday, May 06, 2011 9:48 am Email this article
People who consumed more than twenty-one (21) artificially-sweetened beverages per week -- which is 3 or more per day -- were twice as likely to be obese after 7-8 years compared to people who consumed no artificially-sweetened beverages according to a recent study from researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, Texas, USA. Weight Higher in All Categories
Weight higher in those using artificially-sweetened beverages when looking at different categories
When they did separate analyses by gender; ethnicity, baseline weight category; dieting, or diabetes status; or exercise-change category, the change in body mass index (BMI) was “consistently greater” among those consuming artificially-sweetened beverages than those who did not.
Conclusion: Artificially-sweeteners might be adding to the obesity problem
“We observed a classic, positive dose–response relationship between [artificially-sweetened] beverage consumption and long-term weight gain,” the authors write.
“Such an association does not, by itself, establish causality. But it raises a troubling question, which can be answered only by further research: are ASs fueling—rather than fighting—the very epidemic they were designed to block?”
“These findings raise the question whether [artificial sweetener] use might be fueling—rather than fighting—our escalating obesity epidemic,” the researchers concluded.
Subjects: 5,158 people
“The San Antonio Heart Study is a prospective study of 3,301 Mexican Americans and 1,857 non-Hispanic whites, aged 25–64 years old, residing in households randomly chosen from San Antonio neighborhoods,” the paper notes.
The study involved 5,158 people. Some were enrolled in 1979 to 1982, and others from 1984 to 1988.
“Of 4,998 surviving participants, 3,682 (74%) had follow-up examinations 7–8 years later,” they note.
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Fowler S, Williams K, Resendez R, Hunt K, Hazuda H, Stern M. Fueling the obesity epidemic? Artificially sweetened beverage use and long-term weight gain. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Aug, 16(8):1894-900.
AUTHOR’S CONTACT INFORMATION
Sharon P. Fowler
Department of Medicine
Division of Clinical Epidemiology
The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, USA
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