People who consumed five (5) servings of fruits and vegetables per day were 26% less likely to die during a 4.6 to 26 year follow-up compared with people who had no daily consumption of fruit and vegetables according to a meta-analysis of 16 studies.
The decreased risk of death was mainly due to a reduction in death from cardiovascular disease, and less so from a reduction in death from cancer.
“For the reduction in total mortality, we found a threshold of around five servings a day of fruit and vegetables, after which the risk of death did not reduce further,” the paper notes.
“Overall, about 10-30% lower risk of all cause mortality was found in most prospective studies comparing highest with lowest fruit and vegetable consumption.”
“This meta-analysis provides further evidence that higher consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of mortality from all causes, particularly from cardiovascular diseases.”
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